Navigation Links
Simulating kernel production influences maize model accuracy
Date:9/20/2007

MADISON, WI, Sept. 18, 2007 -- Recently, researchers at Iowa State University discovered a way to increase the accuracy of a popular crop model. By zeroing in on early stages leading up to kernel formation, scientists believe they can help improve yield predictions across a variety of environmental conditions. The team of scientists reported their findings in the September-October issue of Crop Science.

The Crop Environment Resource Synthesis (CERES)- Maize model is used worldwide to predict maize yield each growing season. CERES-Maize predictions are based upon simulations of plant growth and the amount of carbon and nitrogen maize plants accumulate each day. While this approach provides growers with ballpark estimates of maize production, the accuracy decreases when growing conditions affect kernel formation more than plant growth.

Unlike most crop plants, maize has separate male and female flowers. Pollen from male flowers must travel to and fertilize female flowers located on ear. Each successful fertilization of a female flower leads to the production of a kernel.

Pollination success depends on the amount of viable pollen produced, the presence of the pollen receptive part of the female flower, and close synchrony in male and female flower development, says Mark Westgate, Iowa State University professor of agronomy. CERES-Maize does not consider these critical aspects of the pollination process.

To overcome the limitations of CERES-Maize, Westgate and his colleagues developed algorithms for a Flowering Model to simulate maize flowering dynamics. Once they were convinced the Flowering Model was properly imitating maize flowering patterns, they coupled it to CERES-Maize. The Modified version of CERES-Maize then was calibrated against two years of field data involving three hybrids, eight population densities, and seven nitrogen levels. The Modified version of CERES-Maize generated more accurate predictions of maize yield across a wide range of growing conditions.

There are many situations in which kernel number is not limited by the ability of the plant to supply carbon and nitrogen to the ear, Westgate said. By taking into account other factors influencing kernel number, CERES-maize is much more sensitive to biological factors that can affect yield.

Whats up next for Westgate and his research team? A model they are developing to predict pollen movement from one field to another. They're using it along with the Flowering Model to predict the genetic purity of harvested seed. According to Westgate, genetic purity is a concern in hybrid seed production as well as for corn grown for non-genetically modified markets.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@crops.org
608-268-4948
American Society of Agronomy
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Bioengineering production strains - Microbia develops new methods
2. Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibody Production Is More Profitable Than Small Molecule Drugs
3. Digestive acid production dependent on newly found hormone
4. Tea Found To Boost Insulin Production And Prevent Cataract
5. Roche confirms Tamiflu production talks in US
6. Conroy’s May Not Be Permitted To Resume Production Soo
7. Massive Production Of Bird Flu Vaccine To Be Initiated In China
8. Chugai Pharmaceutical To Initiate Domestic Production Of Bird Flu Vaccine
9. Pigs have another utility: production of healthy oils!
10. Coca Cola To Enhance Production Of Diet Coke
11. Natco Pharma Commences Production At Dehradun Unit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Digital Scientists, a software innovation lab specializing in web ... Greenville, South Carolina location. The lab has set up shop at the ... working with South Carolina clients for years from our office here in Atlanta,” explains ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... According to a new study by NCPA Senior Fellow John ... the rules Congress has directed the CBO to follow. The CBO itself previously recognized ... Yet, it estimates a reduction in employer-based coverage due to the GOP reform, which ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... The iaedp Foundation, the premier provider of educational programs ... suffering from the full spectrum of disordered eating, announced today that the 2017 Symposium ... all 50 states and several countries converged on the Green Valley Resort in Las ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Premier Center for Shamanic Healing and Spiritual Awakening, proudly presents her Sacred ... 2017. This sacred and spiritual journey during the Summer Solstice will also ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions them as the go-to ... and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 Today Stock-Callers.com have issued research ... Neovasc Inc. (NASDAQ: NVCN), Hologic Inc. (NASDAQ: HOLX), Edwards Lifesciences ... SSH ). These companies are part of the Healthcare sector, ... March 23 rd , 2017, with the NYSE Health Care ... care companies in the S&P 500 were down about 0.4% ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , March 24, 2017  Eli ... today announced plans to invest $850 million in ... span facilities across its U.S. enterprise, including research ... The investments are being driven by demand for ... of potential medicines in development targeting cancer, pain, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... March 23, 2017  Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCQB: ... a clinical-stage oncology and dermatology biopharmaceutical company, today ... Commitment Term Sheet (the "Definitive Financing") it entered ... the Company,s stockholders, who are referred to in ... Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: