Navigation Links
Simulating firefighting operations on a PC
Date:1/11/2012

It takes the highest levels of concentration for emergency workers to fight their way through smoke-filled buildings wearing breathing apparatus and protective suits. What is the location of the casualties? Where is the nearest exit, in case the crews need to get to safety? Up to now, they have used ropes to retrace their steps, but these can get caught up or wrap themselves around obstacles. Chalk is used to mark which rooms have already been searched, but these markings are often difficult to see through the smoke. What is needed are new technologies such as sensor-based systems to support the emergency crews during operations where visibility is limited. But such systems, too, carry their own risks: having too much information to hand might confuse crews and be a hindrance. That is why researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT in Sankt Agustin have now developed a set of special simulation methods and tools. These will allow emergency services to test technologies in a realistic environment while they are still in the development phase, so they can tailor them to their specific requirements long before they are needed in earnest. It also gives crews the chance to get used to unfamiliar sources of information while on safe ground. The FireSim method kit is made up of four simulation modules.

The first comprises a role-playing board game which emergency workers can use to play out operations. Players move around on a map of the emergency scene, and the new technologies are represented by special tokens. This allows crews to try out new ideas with a minimum of effort.

The second module is like a computer game. Various firefighters each sit at a PC, and on the screen they see the emergency scene from a first-person perspective. The players move through virtual space, opening doors and rescuing the injured, and trying out virtual prototypes of novel support systems such as sensor nodes that mark out the paths that have already been followed and which rooms have been searched. "These simulations allow us to make rapid changes to prototypes and put them to the test in complex deployment scenarios. Since we want to take the whole hierarchy into account, we recreate all communication and coordination processes in the simulation as far as we can," says FIT project manager Markus Valle-Klann.

The third simulation module blends the virtual and the real, with emergency crews playing out a scenario in a real environment, for instance to rescue someone from a smoke-filled building. They carry with them a system that is integrated into their suit, such as a display in their helmet or on their arm, and provides details of their location and bearings. Meanwhile, a virtual simulation runs in parallel, with helpers reenacting all the emergency workers' real actions. New technologies such as the sensor nodes are simulated and the results sent by radio to the firefighters' displays. In this way, systems of which no physical prototype has yet been built can already be tested in a real environment.

But to evaluate new technologies in a major fire event involving many emergency workers and bystanders, these methods will not suffice, so the researchers have developed a further module. "We take the behavior of individuals as our starting point. How does a firefighter behave, and how about members of the public? We convert these into behavioral models or agents and then a computer calculates how a major emergency operation will play out, taking these behavioral models into account," explains Valle-Klann. Emergency workers can validate the results by taking part in these simulations. Some of them direct an avatar on a PC, while others move around in the real fire scene. The FIT researchers will be presenting the modular methods kit at the CeBIT trade fair in Hannover from March 6 -10, 2012 (Hall 9, Booth E 02).


'/>"/>

Contact: Markus Valle-Klann
markus.valle-klann@fit.fraunhofer.de
49-224-114-2152
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Math from the heart: Simulating stent design and coating
2. Oil and gas operations in the Gulf of Mexico claim 139 lives in helicopter crashes
3. Important monitoring of heart performance is omitted in two-thirds of high-risk surgical operations
4. Noisy operations associated with increased infections after surgery
5. New tool helps surgeons predict patients risk of complications after bariatric operations
6. Referral to high-volume hospitals for operations fails to improve outcomes statewide
7. Drug trial results refine treatment during angioplasty operations
8. Study finds patients benefit from thorough discussion of recommended operations
9. Aerohive Networks Appoints Dr. Lin Jiang as Vice President of Technical Operations
10. R-Biopharm Group Purchases a Majority Ownership in Trilogy Lab, Expanding US Operations
11. Complex Spinal Operations Soar Despite Drawbacks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Simulating firefighting operations on a PC
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... If you don’t mind a bit of prickly ... may want to consider a treatment that some have called the next great tool ... , Microneedling, also known as skin needling, is a procedure using a device covered ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... ... Medical Society of Northern Virginia, Announces DoctorsTelemed?, A telehealth solution powered ... of Northern Virginia (MSNVA) launches DoctorsTelemed?, a telemedicine solution that uses CloudVisit’s ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... Augusta Public Schools has teamed with ... partnership will enable school health offices to streamline and bolster care for district students. ... east of Wichita. Augusta public schools serve 2,300 students among its six schools. ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Wisconsin Independent Private Practice Alliance (WIPPA/aka ... WCS, has been selected by the Wisconsin Physical Therapy Association (WPTA) as this ... is awarded annually to a member of the WPTA to recognize a Wisconsin ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... patented products, announces the Everlasting Glove, a sports invention that aids in the ... Sporting Goods Manufacturing industry is worth $9 billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... Research and Markets has ... Myeloma Market and Competitive Landscape Highlights - ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) , ... Highlights 2016, provides comprehensive insights into Multiple ... Myeloma market valuations and forecast, Multiple Myeloma ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016 ... of the  "Global Acute lymphocytic Leukemia Market ... to their offering.       (Logo: ... Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Market and Competitive Landscape ... Lymphocytic Leukemia pipeline products, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... -- Axiogenesis has acquired a major investment from Sino-German High-Tech Fund to further expand product development, strengthen its disease modeling ... ... ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: