Navigation Links
Simple tool may help evaluate risk for violence among patients with mental illness
Date:9/14/2012

Mental health professionals, who often are tasked with evaluating and managing the risk of violence by their patients, may benefit from a simple tool to more accurately make a risk assessment, according to a recent study conducted at the University of California, San Francisco.

The research, led by psychiatrist Alan Teo, MD, when he was a UCSF medical resident, examined how accurate psychiatrists were at evaluating risk of violence by acutely ill patients admitted to psychiatric units.

The first part of the study showed that inexperienced psychiatric residents performed no better than they would have by chance, whereas veteran psychiatrists were moderately successful in evaluating their patients' risk of violence.

However, the second part of the study showed that when researchers applied the information from the "Historical, Clinical, Risk Management󈞀Clinical" (HRC-20-C) scale a brief, structured risk assessment tool to the patients evaluated by residents, accuracy in identifying their potential for violence increased to a level nearly as high as the faculty psychiatrists', who had an average of 15 years more experience.

"Similar to a checklist a pilot might use before takeoff, the HRC-20-C has just five items that any trained mental health professional can use to assess their patients," Teo said. "To improve the safety for staff and patients in high-risk settings, it is critical to teach budding psychiatrists and other mental health professionals how to use a practical tool such as this one."

The study was published Aug. 31 in the journal Psychiatric Services.

The HCR-20-C was developed several years ago by researchers in Canada, where it is used in a number of settings such as prisons and hospitals. However, in the United States, structured tools such as the HCR-20-C are only beginning to be used in hospitals.

"This is the first study to compare the accuracy of risk assessments by senior psychiatrists to those completed by psychiatric residents," said senior author Dale McNiel, PhD, UCSF professor of clinical psychology. "It shows that clinicians with limited training and experience tend to be inaccurate in their risk assessments, and that structured methods such as HCR-20-C hold promise for improving training in risk assessment for violence."

"The UCSF study was unusual," Teo added, "in applying a shorter version of the tool that could be more easily incorporated into clinical practice."

Teo and his team assessed the doctors' accuracy by comparing the risk assessments that they made at the time patients were admitted to the hospital, to whether or not patients later became physically aggressive toward hospital staff members, such as by hitting, kicking or biting. The study included 151 patients who became violent and 150 patients who did not become violent.

The patients in the study had severe mental illnesses, often schizophrenia, and had been involuntarily admitted to the hospital.


'/>"/>
Contact: Abigail Mortimore
abigail.mortimore@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Study uncovers simple way of predicting severe pain following breast cancer surgery
2. Simple tool may help inexperienced psychiatrists better predict violence risk in patients
3. Simple new test to combat counterfeit drug problem in developing countries
4. Simple mathematical computations underlie brain circuits
5. Simple Measures May Curb Excessive Weight Gain in Pregnancy
6. Simple Steps Can Shield Children From Dog Bites
7. Simple exercises are an easy and cost-effective treatment for persistent dizziness
8. Simpler lifestyle found to reduce exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals
9. Simple new way to clean traces of impurities from drug ingredients
10. Safe, simple eye test may help save lives by preventing stroke
11. Cancer may require simpler genetic mutations than previously thought
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Simple tool may help evaluate risk for violence among patients with mental illness
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s ... experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These products are ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, a nationally ... care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an agreement, effective ... operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader ... a 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were ... 11, 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Women-owned and Grand Rapids-based workplace wellness ... in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite Wellness will be honored at the ... 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Henry Autograph Collection Hotel, located at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra Chief Medical Officer ... physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians at various events ... Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to educate other physicians, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017  South Korean-based healthcare ... CPR training aide "cprCUBE" on Kickstarter. The device will ... during cardiac arrests with better efficiency compared to the ... offers real-time feedback on efficacy of the compression for ... campaign has a goal to raise $5,000. ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Oct. 2, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... for the third quarter of 2017 on Tuesday, October ... on that day with the investment community and media ... The conference call will begin at 9 a.m. Eastern ... a live webcast of the conference call through a ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... -- Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will host its ... on Friday, November 3, 2017, beginning at 7:00 a.m. ... 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / 9:30 a.m. (EDT). ... and guidance for 2018, Hill-Rom executives will also highlight ... and long-range financial outlook through 2020. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: