Navigation Links
Simple test could hold key to early diagnosis of cancers

Cancers of the gut, stomach and pancreas could be detected much sooner with a simple urine test, research suggests.

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have identified key proteins in the urine of patients with advanced cancers.

The findings could help the detection of these cancers in people who have not yet started to show symptoms of the disease.

This would enable patients to be diagnosed much earlier, leading to improved survival rates.

Only around 10 per cent of patients with these cancers known as cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract are still alive five years after diagnosis.

This is because such cancers, which tend to be aggressive, are often diagnosed at an advanced stage.

Dr Holger Husi, of the University of Edinburgh's Tissue Injury and Repair Group, said: "The aim of this work is to enable these cancers to be diagnosed much earlier. This would help us to treat the cancer before it has a chance to spread. The majority of these cancers are currently diagnosed late where no surgery is possible due to its advanced stage. Earlier diagnosis would mean that curative surgery or chemotherapy would be possible for more patients."

The research, published in the journal Proteomics-Clinical Applications, compared urine samples from patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers with urine samples from people who were cancer-free.

Scientists analysed the samples to identify thousands of proteins. They then identified six particular proteins, which were present in 98 per cent of the cancer cases but absent in almost 90 per cent of samples from patients without cancer.

The researchers then narrowed molecules down to the two proteins S100A6 and S1009 most likely to appear in samples from patients with cancer but be absent from the other samples.

The scientists now intend to see whether people with early stage cancers, which have not yet been diagnosed, have the same levels of proteins present.

This would involve analysing samples from at least 1,000 volunteers and tracking the participants over a number of years to identify those who are then later diagnosed with upper gastrointestinal cancers.


Contact: Tara Womersley
University of Edinburgh

Related medicine news :

1. Expert discovers simple method of dealing with harmful radioactive iodine
2. Simple fitness test could predict long-term risk for heart attack, stroke in middle-aged people
3. Simple new bedside screening effectively identifies patients with acute aortic dissection
4. Simple Question Sheds Light on Teens Hopes, Dreams
5. Simple chemical cocktail shows first promise for limb re-growth in mammals
6. Simple blood test detects early emphysema in smokers before symptoms appear
7. Simple blood test at discharge could help reduce hospital readmissions for heart failure patients
8. Radio-guided surgery a safe and simple way to remove potentially cancerous nodules in the lung
9. Simple spit and blood tests might detect burnout before it happens
10. Quick, Simple Test Can Detect Concussion in Athletes
11. Toward a fast, simple test for detecting cholera rampaging in 40 countries
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... Using a combination ... prediabetes in American children and adults, according to a new study by researchers at ... of Prediabetes in Children and Adults: Using Combinations of Blood Glucose Tests ,” published ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... VA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS) reveals that in ... managed almost 3 million cases, over two million of which were human exposure ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... (ASI) as their exclusive channel partner for the Nutraceutical Specialties products into oral ... the US, effective immediately. , “We are pleased to announce our expanded ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Chicago, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... and Decision Support Solutions, announced at the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA) ... bookings have seen over 60% growth from 2014. Throughout 2015, the company ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Kreithen”), one of the leading plastic surgery practices in Florida, is proud to ... to consult for surgical innovations giant Ethicon Inc., a Johnson & Johnson Company. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... BANNOCKBURN, Ill. , Nov. 30, 2015 ... ), a global biopharmaceutical leader dedicated to ... diseases and underserved medical conditions, today announced ... [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), PEGylated], an extended circulating ... hemophilia A based on full-length ADVATE [Antihemophilic ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (HK$,000)For the Six Months Ended 30 September 2015 2014RestatedChange%Turnover 545,575 , 518,852 ... , 384,242 , 9.8 Hospital ... , (18.3) Medical Insurance Administration Service Income , ... Medical Devices and Accessories Sales , 89,645 , ... , 2,822 , 2,917 , ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... PUNE, India , November 30, 2015 ... new market research report "Dental Lasers Market by Product (Soft ... Treatment, Periodontitis), End User (Hospitals, Clinics), and Geography - Global ... USD 224.7 Million by 2020, at a CAGR of 5.2% ... , Browse 140 market data Tables and 62 Figures spread ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: