Navigation Links
Simple, Two-Question Survery Accurately Screens Cancer Patients for Depression
Date:9/23/2013

MAYWOOD, Il. -- Cancer patients can be accurately screened for major depression with a simple two-question survey, according to a study presented Sept. 23 at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 55th Annual Meeting.

The two-question screening test proved to be as accurate as a longer nine-question screening test.

The study was presented at plenary session by William Small, Jr., MD, FASTRO, chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology of Loyola University Medical Center.

"We found that a two-question survey can effectively screen for depression," Small said. "We hope this will prompt more centers to screen for depression, and to refer patients for treatment when necessary."

The two-question survey asks whether, over the last two weeks, a patient has experienced:

  • Little interest or pleasure in doing things
  • Feeling down, depressed or hopeless

For each question, the patient can answer not at all (worth zero points); several days (1 point); more than half the days (two points); or nearly every day (3 points). A patient who scores a total of three or more points on both questions is considered to be at risk for being depressed.

The study included 455 cancer patients receiving radiation therapy at 37 centers in the United States. Patients were surveyed before or within two weeks of receiving their first radiation treatment. Sixteen percent screened positive for depression.

For comparison purposes, patients who screened positive were administered an in-depth telephone interview known as SCID, which is considered the gold standard for diagnosing depression. A random sample of patients who screened negative for depression also underwent the SCID interview. (SCID stands for Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Disorders.)

The two-question survey consists of the first two questions of the nine-question Patient Health Questionnaire. The study found that the abbreviated two-question survey was just as accurate as the full nine-question survey. In statistical terms, both surveys had an "area under the curve" of 0.83. (A 100 percent accurate test would have an area under the curve of 1.0.)

The two-question screening test was more accurate than two other screening tests researchers administered. These less-accurate screening tests are the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (0.79 area under the curve) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer (0.60 area under the curve).

The study found that 78 percent of centers routinely screen patients for depression at the radiation therapy facility, with 51 percent screening at the initial visit. Mental health services were available at 68 percent of radiation therapy facilities. However, 67 percent of sites offered only social workers; 17 percent offered psychologists and 22 percent offered psychiatrists.

"We think the results of this large, nationwide trial will have a major impact on how cancer patients are screened for depression," Small said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Tiny.ms Offers Simple, Secure and Feature-Filled New Way to Shorten URLs
2. The Fight Against West Nile Virus Begins Again: Learn Simple, Effective Tips to Protect Yourself and Family
3. Data suggests Abbotts test may help more accurately diagnose heart attacks in women
4. Dual energy CT accurately identifies ACL tears in emergency department
5. Dr. Neil McLeod, a West Hollywood Dentist, Announces a Development of a New Dental Instrument to Help Dentists Fit Crowns and Onlays More Accurately
6. PET imaging used to more accurately manage treatment, predict survival for patients with gliomas
7. Advanced CT scans accurately assess coronary blockages
8. Unique approach needed to accurately assess health of young adult cancer survivors
9. Pixel Film Studios Releases ProSlice Grunge Split Screens for Final Cut Pro X
10. Rugged iPad Case Eliminates Broken Screens for Schools
11. Some Screens Miss Spread of Breast Cancer: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The ThedaCare ... San Francisco General Hospital on April 5-7. The series is a multi-day, multi-workshop ... habits. The workshops cover a broad range of topics, including coaching skills, the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Fisher House Foundation Chairman and CEO Kenneth Fisher joined Governor ... Alliance president Scott Bensing, and Peggy Kearns Director, VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System yesterday ... This will be the first Fisher House in Nevada, and will provide free lodging ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Vail knee specialist Robert LaPrade, MD, PhD was named one of ... of physicians establishing, leading and partnering with ambulatory surgery centers across the United States. ... also known as an ASC, is a modern health care facility focused on providing ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Donor Network West, the organ procurement organization that heals lives through organ ... Regional Medical Center. Under the collaboration, the first of its kind, specific organ donors ... certain time frame for donor families for the recovery of organs. , Organ ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... J Thomas & Associates Insurance Agency, ... to act as Agents of Change in the community, announces a new partnership ... to fulfill immediate needs and help them move into permanent housing. Donations to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 The primary goal ... future adoption patterns on the usage of liquid biopsy. ... following: - Timeframe of liquid biopsy adoption ... cfDNA and Evs—by organization type - Sample inflow to ... blood, saliva, stool, serum, and so on. - Correlation ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016 PRO-DEX, INC. (NasdaqCM: PDEX) today announced financial ... 2015. The Company also filed its Quarterly Report on Form ... the Securities and Exchange Commission today. --> ... --> --> Net sales for ... or 95%, to $5.4 million from $2.8 million for the ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Kindred Biosciences, Inc. ... saving and improving the lives of pets, today announced ... of the New Animal Drug Application (NADA) for Zimeta™ ... field study (KB0120) of Zimeta for the control of ... Company. --> --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: