Navigation Links
Simple, 2-question survery accurately screens cancer patients for depression
Date:9/23/2013

MAYWOOD, Il. -- Cancer patients can be accurately screened for major depression with a simple two-question survey, according to a study presented Sept. 23 at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 55th Annual Meeting.

The two-question screening test proved to be as accurate as a longer nine-question screening test.

The study was presented at plenary session by William Small, Jr., MD, FASTRO, chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology of Loyola University Medical Center.

"We found that a two-question survey can effectively screen for depression," Small said. "We hope this will prompt more centers to screen for depression, and to refer patients for treatment when necessary."

The two-question survey asks whether, over the last two weeks, a patient has experienced:

  • Little interest or pleasure in doing things
  • Feeling down, depressed or hopeless

For each question, the patient can answer not at all (worth zero points); several days (1 point); more than half the days (two points); or nearly every day (3 points). A patient who scores a total of three or more points on both questions is considered to be at risk for being depressed.

The study included 455 cancer patients receiving radiation therapy at 37 centers in the United States. Patients were surveyed before or within two weeks of receiving their first radiation treatment. Sixteen percent screened positive for depression.

For comparison purposes, patients who screened positive were administered an in-depth telephone interview known as SCID, which is considered the gold standard for diagnosing depression. A random sample of patients who screened negative for depression also underwent the SCID interview. (SCID stands for Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Disorders.)

The two-question survey consists of the first two questions of the nine-question Patient Health Questionnaire. The study found that the abbreviated two-question survey was just as accurate as the full nine-question survey. In statistical terms, both surveys had an "area under the curve" of 0.83. (A 100 percent accurate test would have an area under the curve of 1.0.)

The two-question screening test was more accurate than two other screening tests researchers administered. These less-accurate screening tests are the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (0.79 area under the curve) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer (0.60 area under the curve).

The study found that 78 percent of centers routinely screen patients for depression at the radiation therapy facility, with 51 percent screening at the initial visit. Mental health services were available at 68 percent of radiation therapy facilities. However, 67 percent of sites offered only social workers; 17 percent offered psychologists and 22 percent offered psychiatrists.

"We think the results of this large, nationwide trial will have a major impact on how cancer patients are screened for depression," Small said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The Fight Against West Nile Virus Begins Again: Learn Simple, Effective Tips to Protect Yourself and Family
2. Tiny.ms Offers Simple, Secure and Feature-Filled New Way to Shorten URLs
3. Simple, Two-Question Survery Accurately Screens Cancer Patients for Depression
4. Unique approach needed to accurately assess health of young adult cancer survivors
5. Advanced CT scans accurately assess coronary blockages
6. PET imaging used to more accurately manage treatment, predict survival for patients with gliomas
7. Dr. Neil McLeod, a West Hollywood Dentist, Announces a Development of a New Dental Instrument to Help Dentists Fit Crowns and Onlays More Accurately
8. Dual energy CT accurately identifies ACL tears in emergency department
9. Data suggests Abbotts test may help more accurately diagnose heart attacks in women
10. Early Study Hints at Link Between Certain Sunscreens, Endometriosis
11. Repelling the rays: New American Chemical Society video on sunscreens
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... A global leader in the treatment ... clinics in all 29 Indian states—bringing the country one step closer to eliminating clubfoot ... the nonprofit organization is on track to enroll 10,000 children in the clubfoot treatment ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... Atlanta, Georgia (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... to distribute premium original programming over four countries and millions of viewers in a ... available to rent or buy On-Demand and fully available on Blu Ray disc in ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently gave a best-in-class 5 ... , The healthcare industry in the United States has undergone major changes over the ... needing to have a doctor’s order to get a blood test or other lab ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... , ... August 16, 2017 , ... First Choice ... States, named Dr. Douglas J. Harrison, as the new Medical Director of its Sienna ... new facility Medical Director of our Sienna Plantation location,” said Dr. Michael (Derek) Caraway, ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... With low back pain afflicting 8 of 10 Americans at some ... cousin – upper back pain. But this equally vexing condition stems from a variety of ... Kaixuan Liu, MD, PhD , founder and president of Atlantic Spine Center. , Nestled ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2017)...  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), has been named one ... by Crain,s Detroit Business . The annual ... three-year revenue growth. This year,s edition measures growth from 2013 ... the complete list, visit crainsdetroit.com/awards/fast_50/2017 .  ... said Phil Hagerman , CEO and chairman of Diplomat. ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) today reported financial results ... reported second quarter net sales of $1.954 billion, an ... an increase of 2.1% on a constant currency basis.  ... LDR Holding Corporation acquisition, second quarter 2017 revenues decreased ... on a constant currency basis. ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... The Galien Foundation announced today the 2017 11 ... Award Nominees. Counted among the global health innovation industry,s most ... technology product achievement that improves the human condition. ... be U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for market ... impact human health. Sales data are not considered by the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: