Navigation Links
Sickle Cell May Be Hidden Danger to Young Athletes
Date:12/18/2010

By Maureen Salamon
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Scott Galloway's perspective as a high school athletic trainer changed the day a 14-year-old female basketball player at his school suffered sudden cardiac arrest and died on the court.

Her cause of death -- exertional sickling, a condition that causes multiple blood clots -- was something Galloway had only heard of as a student years before. But he quickly made it his mission to educate others about this complication of sickle cell trait (SCT).

In the past four decades, exertional sickling has killed at least 15 football players in the United States, and in the past seven years alone, it was responsible for the deaths of nine young athletes aged 12 to 19, according to the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA). This year, two young football players have died from exertional sickling, said Galloway, a speaker at last week's NATA's Youth Sports Safety Crisis Summit in Washington, D.C.

"I've spoken to numerous groups in the last five years and I tend to be met with the same response -- that they didn't realize this was a big deal or that it had these types of ramifications," said Galloway, head athletic trainer at DeSoto High School in DeSoto, Texas. "We're still trying to get more focus on the condition."

SCT is a cousin of the better-known sickle cell anemia, in which red blood cells shaped like sickles, or crescent moons, can get stuck in small blood vessels around the body, blocking the flow of blood and oxygen. Both conditions are inherited, but exertional sickling only occurs upon intense physical activities, such as sprinting or conditioning drills.

The first known sickling death in college football was in 1974, when a defensive back from Florida collapsed at the end of a 700-meter sprint on the first day of practice that season and died the next day.

Devard Darling, a wide receiver for the Omaha Nighthawks, lost his twin brother, Devaughn, from complications of SCT in 2001.

"We both learned we had sickle cell trait during our freshman year at Florida State," Darling told NATA. "But even knowing the risks at the time, my brother died on the practice field before his 19th birthday."

All 50 states now require SCT screening for newborns, which is done with simple blood tests, but not all high school athletes know their SCT status. Galloway said he would like to make testing mandatory for high school athletes, adding that the National Collegiate Athletic Association requires testing for the trait at the college level.

"Our stance is we want to know so we can treat them in the best way possible," Galloway said. "We have never seen someone disallowed from sports because of SCT. If anything, we have seen kids thrive in their sports more because we have (interventional strategies)."

Often mistaken for cardiac or heat collapse, sickling is marked by subtle differences in athletes' muscle tone and response, and collapse is usually not instantaneous. Simple precautions include progressing slowly in pace during training and stopping immediately if symptoms such as muscle cramping, pain or swelling occur along with weakness or fatigue.

"It's an intensity syndrome ... they don't have symptoms unless they do something too intense or physically active," said Dr. Brock Schnebel, head physician for University of Oklahoma athletics. "At high levels of athleticism, those kids experience symptoms because they have pushed themselves hard. The idea is to improve the margin of safety for the athlete any way you can. Identify it and be cautious with it."

What's needed, Galloway said, is a climate "that encourages coaches to set the right tone with these student-athletes. I have several kids here who condition and practice with their peers and they don't have a problem. They learn to respond to their body."

As with sickle cell anemia, SCT afflicts mostly African-Americans and other minorities, but whites can have it too. The gene is common among those whose origin is where malaria is widespread (since the gene fended off malaria), leaving about 1 in 12 African-Americans as carriers, according to U.S. health officials. Those of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, Indian, Caribbean and South and Central American ancestry may also carry the sickle gene.

In comparison, SCT is present in between 1 in 2,000 and 1 in 10,000 white Americans.

"It's wrongly thought to be a minority-only disease ... so it doesn't get the attention some other diseases get," Galloway said.

More information

To learn more about sickle cell trait, visit the Nemours Foundation.

SOURCES: Scott Galloway, head athletic trainer, DeSoto High School, DeSoto, Texas; Brock Schnebel, M.D., head team physician, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.; National Athletic Trainers' Association, Youth Sports Safety Crisis Summit, Dec. 7, 2010, Washington, D.C.


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Sickle Cell Disease Patients Seek Acute Pain Care Repeatedly
2. Low blood oxygen may lead to heart defects in children with sickle cell disease
3. Sickle Cell Disease Tied to Cognitive Difficulties
4. New study suggests sickle cell disease may affect brain function in adults
5. NHLBI to hold workshop on health consequences of sickle cell trait
6. Stroke prevention study in children with sickle cell anemia, iron overload stopped early
7. Sickle cell patients should be better monitored for constipation prevention
8. Sickle cell treatment developed at LA BioMed enters Phase 3 clinical trial
9. Georgia Tech hosts sickle cell disease symposium
10. 2 studies provide insight into stroke risk and prevention in young sickle cell anemia patients
11. America's Hidden Pandemic: 100 Million Suffer From Sleep Problems
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Sickle Cell May Be Hidden Danger to Young Athletes
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... US Sports ... Studio in Dover, NH to direct high-performance kids yoga training. ChildLight Yoga Studio is ... just one hour from Boston. , ChildLight Yoga Studio founder Lisa Flynn expresses her ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... The American ... technology, such water may be safer than regular municipal or well water. The recent ... radio host Sharon Kleyne, could go a long way toward increasing public acceptance of ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Give To ... users to search for and donate to Give To Cure’s campaign that is crowdfunding ... that lets users make and share payments through a smart device. In 2015 alone, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Pivot Point ... Best in KLAS: Software & Services for HIT Implementation Support & Staffing report ... independently ranks vendor performance by healthcare executives, managers and clinicians representing over 4,500 ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Dr. Justin Scott and Dr. Lydia Muccioli of ... Day to individuals in need. The event is scheduled to take place on February ... is to provide dental care to community members in need. Each patient will be ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ("Aralez") today announced the ... Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. ("Tribute") following approval of the ... The combined company will operate under Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... Canada , Ireland ... Under the terms of the Agreement and Plan of ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... New York , February 5, 2016 ... new Transparency Market Research report states that the global ... in 2014 and is predicted to reach US$185.9 bn ... CAGR of 6.50% from 2014 to 2020. The title ... (Branded/Generic/Over-the-counter, Chemical/Biological, Captive/Contract Manufactured, by Geography, and by Therapeutic ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- Henry Schein, Inc. (NASDAQ: HSIC ), the world,s largest ... dental, animal health and medical practitioners, announced today that ... majority ownership interest in Dental Cremer S.A., a distributor ... . --> ... dental distribution business of Cremer S.A. With 2015 sales ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: