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Sharp decline in maternal and child deaths globally, new data show
Date:5/2/2014

of more than 4.4% per year since 1990. These gains are likely due to national policy change and health system strengthening.

  • The 10 countries with the lowest child survival rates in 2013 were all in sub-Saharan Africa. In these countries Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Chad, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger, Somalia, and Equatorial Guinea children have more than a 1 in 10 chance of dying before their fifth birthday.

    "While a majority of the world's countries will not achieve MDG 4, tremendous progress has been made," said study author Haidong Wang, Assistant Professor at IHME. "Policy changes, increased development assistance for health, expanded HIV treatment programs, and greater access to child services are all important benefits of the push to achieve these goals. In the post-MDG era, countries will be well-served to continue these efforts."

    Key maternal survival (MDG 5) regional and country findings:

    • The United States was among just eight countries that experienced an increase in maternal death rates since 2003 joining countries including Afghanistan and El Salvador.

    • Sixteen countries most in Central and Eastern Europe are likely to achieve the MDG 5 target of a 75% reduction in their 1990 maternal death rate by 2015. They are Albania, United Arab Emirates, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, China, Estonia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Latvia, Morocco, Maldives, Mongolia, Oman, Poland, Romania, and Russia.

    • East Asian countries have made the most progress toward MDG 5, reducing maternal mortality by an average of 9% per year since 1990.

    • Maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean either held steady or increased from 1990 to the mid-2000s even doubling in Southern Africa before beginning a fast decline following establishment of the MDGs.

    • Maternal death rates were highest in South Sudan and lowest in Iceland.

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  • Contact: Rhonda Stewart
    stewartr@uw.edu
    206-897-2863
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
    Source:Eurekalert

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