Navigation Links
Severe Injuries From ATV Accidents on the Rise
Date:3/10/2010

Studies found more amputations, spinal injuries among kids who ride them

WEDNESDAY, March 10 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies report a high rate of severe injuries -- including amputations, spinal injuries and even death -- among children who ride all-terrain vehicles.

"A spine injury is such a devastating injury for a young person," said Dr. Jeffrey R. Sawyer, an assistant professor of orthopaedics with the Campbell Clinic at the University of Tennessee, and a co-author on both papers.

The same goes for amputations, which, as a result of these types of injuries, have typically been of legs, toes and fingers.

The findings were to be presented Wednesday at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons annual meeting, in New Orleans.

"ATV [all-terrain vehicle] injuries have been significant; we've been noticing increases for a while," said Dr. Mike Gittelman, an associate professor of clinical pediatrics in the division of emergency medicine at Cincinnati Children's Hospital.

Gittelman, who was not involved with either study, said ATV-associated fatalities increased nearly 60 percent between 2000 and 2005, while non-fatal injuries rose 48 percent.

Three-wheeled ATVs have been banned (although some do still exist), but four-wheeled, multi-rider ATVs are gaining in popularity and it appears they are not necessarily any safer, the researchers said.

The first set of authors reviewed emergency-room records at a trauma center in California for all patients who had sustained injuries in an off-road vehicle from Jan. 1, 2005 through the end of 2007. There were about 110 patients in total.

People involved in an accident with a multi-rider ATV were more than 10 times as likely to need an amputation as people involved in an accident with a conventional single-rider ATV, the study found.

"It's night and day. If you get injured on one of these it's going to be bad," said study author Dr. Gregg Wendell Schellack, an orthopedic surgery resident at Loma Linda University Medical Center, who races motocross and dirt bikes.

The second study found that almost 4,500 U.S. children were injured in an ATV-related accident in 2006, with 7.4 percent sustaining a spine injury. That represented at least a 140 percent increase in the overall number of children injured since 1997 and a 467 percent increase in spinal injuries.

Seventy percent of these injuries occurred in children under the age of 16. Spinal injuries were more common in older girls.

A third study found severe injuries among children who had participated in motocross, a sport involving off-road, two-wheeled motorcycles.

Half of the children who had sought treatment for this type of injury at a single trauma center were hospitalized and nearly one-third needed surgery. Many had been wearing helmets and other protective gear.

The dramatic increase in the number of ATV-related injuries could be due to any number of factors, including the number of vehicles on the road: In 1985, there were about 400,000 ATVs in the United States, said Sawyer, while today there are an estimated 9.2 million.

There's also the size and power of the vehicle to be considered. In the 1970s, the typical ATV weighed about 250 pounds and was 7 horsepower. The newer vehicles weigh much more than that and can approach speeds of 100 mph, Sawyer said.

They also have a higher center of gravity, making them more prone to roll over, Schellack explained. "If it starts to roll over, your first instinct is to put your foot down to try to stabilize or brace it, but that's no match for a 1,000-pound vehicle."

And children just shouldn't be riding these vehicles, added Gittelman. "They don't possess the maturity or ability to operate these vehicles," he said. "If you're not going to let a kid drive [a car], why would you let them drive a vehicle that's just as powerful?"

More information

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has more on ATV safety.



SOURCES: Gregg Wendell Schellack, D.O., orthopedic surgery resident, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, Calif.; Jeffrey R. Sawyer M.D., assistant professor, orthopaedics, University of Tennessee, Campbell Clinic, Germantown, Tenn.; Mike Gittelman, M.D., associate professor, clinical pediatrics, division of emergency medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital; March 10, 2010, presentations, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons annual meeting, New Orleans


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists puzzled by severe allergic reaction to cancer drug in the middle Southern US
2. Surgery for severe obesity saves lives
3. Z Trim Announces Revocation of Gregory Halpern Severence Agreement
4. Primary biliary cirrhosis more severe in African-American and Hispanic patients
5. South Texas Doctors Report More Severe Cases of Community Staph Super Bug Hospitalizing Children
6. Severe heart attack damage limited by hydrogen sulfide
7. Women with severe PMS perceive their sleep quality to be poor
8. First significant genetic finding in severe PMS, or PMDD
9. 10th Anniversary of Revolutionary Teaching Approach that Offers the Severely Disabled the Gift of Self-Expression - Through Painting
10. Severe heart defect likely caused by genetic factors
11. MS that runs in families appears more severe than non-familial MS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... This campaign aims to provide a path to improved education ... control and change. , As nearly 795,000 Americans suffering from a new or recurrent ... Plus, with an estimated 129,000 of these people dying from stroke, it’s become our ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and employees ... stories, courtesy of leaders in the nursing and health care industry. It also ... advocates and associations—namely Jones & Bartlett Learning. , Jones & Bartlett Learning is ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Despite last week’s media reports ... Yellen and company to wait until March 2017 for an interest rate increase, according ... Robinson College of Business. , “The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) dot charts are ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... and clinical outcomes, hosted members and suppliers for its inaugural Member Conference at ... on their mission of elevating the operational health of America’s healthcare providers. , ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Florida (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... House® Project offering a new model of care for living and healing, celebrated ... core values: Meaningful Life in a Real Home provided by Empowered Staff. , “This ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. ... Regenerative Medicine, Neurology and Orphan Diseases, today announced that President & ... upcoming investor conferences: SeeThru Equity MicroCap Conference   ... New York City , NY When: Tuesday, May ... Conference   Where: Grand Hyatt Hotel, 109 East 42 ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... NASHVILLE, Tenn. , May 26, 2016 ... provider of software and analytics, network solutions ... healthcare, today announced it entered into a ... leading provider of outpatient software solutions and ... surgery centers, specialty hospitals and rehabilitation clinics ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , Germany and GERMANTOWN, ... QIAGEN N.V. (NASDAQ: QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: ... licensing and co-development agreement with Therawis Diagnostics GmbH to develop ... be to develop and market PITX2 as a marker to ... high-risk breast cancer patients. "We are pleased to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: