Navigation Links
Separation from mom, dad linked with learning trouble in kids
Date:5/15/2008

In the wake of divorce, illness, violence and other problems that can unsettle homes, countless young children are liable to experience temporary separations from one or both parents before packing their knapsack for kindergarten. Published in the May/June issue of Ambulatory Pediatrics, a new, community-wide study from Rochester, New York, warns that such kids are at increased risk for learning difficulties and that these separations are good predictors of which children may require special educational interventions to succeed.

Previous research on parent-child separation has concentrated on children in foster or kinship care, who are known to often experience considerable emotional, behavioral and developmental problems. Yet little is known about the impact of separation more generally, especially in less formalized situations in which one or more parents temporarily leaves.

In most cases, separation is a marker of instability. We suspect that homes in which children are separated from their parents may be less nurturing environments. Parents are less apt to be reading to their kids or taking time to teach them new skills, such as tying shoes, practicing their letters or penning their names, said Sandy Jee, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of Pediatrics at the University of Rochester Medical Centers Golisano Childrens Hospital, who led the study. Kindergarten can be a wet-cement year for many kids, so its important that we start their educational trajectories on the best paths possible.

The study enrolled 1,619 children between ages 4 and 6 who were entering Rochester City School District kindergarten classrooms in the fall of 2003. Parents or caregivers were asked if their child had ever been away from a parent for more than a month, and if so, if the separation occurred once, twice, or more than three times. These adults also completed the Parents Appraisal of Childrens Experiences (PACE) survey to measure their childrens developmental skills by various observable behaviors (e.g., if the child can cut with scissors; if he or she can tie their shoes") The results were then analyzed to produce four 4-point scales, each measuring different dimensions of healthy development, including: how well a child learns new tasks; how well he or she uses language to express ideas; how literate he or she is (e.g., can he or she read his own written name"); and the quality of his or her speech (e.g., do other people often have difficulty understanding the child")

We found that 18 percent of these urban children had been separated from their parents at any point in their childhood, Jee said. This was surprising, but not unimaginable, since poverty is often linked with volatility in homes. In fact, 7 percent of these kids had been separated two or more times.

Children who have been separated at any point scored significantly worse both on the 4-point scales measuring their ability to learn new tasks and their pre-literacy skills. Of note, their expressive language and speech scores fared better they were comparable to those of their non-separated peers.

This makes intuitive sense, Jee said. In families disrupted by separation, adults are less likely to make consistent efforts to expose kids to new ideas, or to encourage reading. Without this first educational coaching from mom or dad, kids early learning and preliteracy skills are less likely to really blossom.

Thankfully, most school districts require a physical before a child enters kindergarten, she added. Pediatricians have a unique opportunity to anticipate which children might be starting their educational careers at a disadvantage, to recommend more screening for such children, and to help see that they get the interventions they need.

Jee and her colleagues do not know yet which types of separations might have the most deleterious effects on kids early learning, since the survey did not ask specific reasons for the separation. It is possible that in some of instances, separations might not be caused by upsets within the home, but perhaps the pull of forces outside it: army duty, or perhaps a parent leaving to tend to a sick relative.

This study reminds us to treat any sort of separation as a marker for possible psychosocial stress in a family, Jee said. And intervening early is the best way to minimize long-term educational and vocational deficits for these children.


'/>"/>

Contact: Becky Jones
rebecca_jones@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-8490
University of Rochester Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The Quantum Group, Inc. Announces Separation of Units
2. Hillenbrand Announces Mailing of Proxy Regarding Changing of Company Name in Conjunction with Planned Separation
3. Park Dental Announces Separation From Its Administrative Service Provider
4. Hillenbrand Releases Investor Roadshow Materials and Updated Financial Guidance Related to Separation Of Hill-Rom and Batesville Casket
5. Hillenbrand Industries Announces Formal Board Approval of Separation by Means of Share Distribution and Details for Completion
6. Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. Announces Completion of Separation of Hillenbrand Industries Creating Two Public Companies
7. Pot bellies linked to early signs of cardiovascular disease
8. Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
9. Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
10. Drop in breast cancer incidence linked to hormone use, not mammograms
11. Clinical depression linked to abnormal emotional brain circuits
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture ... said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package ... Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... the pursuit of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high ... low, risk more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 ... ... 12th International Conference and Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two ... Announcement of the grants came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their pencils ... an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a genetic ... 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners ... extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at ... responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Any dentist who has ... of the current process. Many of them do not even ... technical difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. And those who ... it at such a high cost that the majority of ... Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Capricor ... ), a biotechnology company focused on the discovery, ... that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized HOPE-Duchenne ... exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor expects ... third quarter of 2016, and to report top ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Ill. and BOGOTA, Colombia , June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment ... Astellas Farma Brasil as the company,s second affiliate in Latin America . ... ... General Manager of Astellas Farma Colombia ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: