Navigation Links
Sensitive parenting can boost premature children's school performance
Date:7/31/2013

Sensitive parenting helps protect against the negative effects of being born prematurely on children's school success, a new study has found.

Children born prematurely are at risk of a variety of neurological impairments which can mean they are more likely to need special educational support when they reach school age.

But a new study led by the University of Warwick shows that parents of very preterm and very low birthweight (VP/VLBW) children can increase their child's academic achievement through sensitive and cognitively stimulating parenting.

Researchers looked at parenting styles of parents of children aged 6 to see what effect they had on those children's school success when they reached the age of 13.

The study found that highly sensitive parenting at age 6 boosted the academic performance of VP/VLBW children when they reached 13 to levels similar to full-term children. A parallel increase was not seen for full-term children.

However, the results also showed that more cognitively stimulating early home environments benefit all children's long-term school success, regardless of whether they were premature or not.

Professor Dieter Wolke of University of Warwick said: "By sensitive parenting, we mean adapting one's parenting to the individual child's behaviour and responses, while clearly remaining the more competent partner and setting age appropriate limits."

"So for example providing gentle feedback and suggesting potential solutions rather than taking over and solving the tasks for the child.

"Cognitively stimulating parenting is where parents include activities designed to get children thinking such as reading to them or doing puzzles together.

"We found that both these styles of parenting have a positive effect in increasing school performance, with sensitive parenting particularly effective at closing the gap in achievement between preterm and low birth-weight children and their full-term counterparts."

The study, Effects of Sensitive Parenting on the Academic Resilience of Very Preterm and Very Low Birth Weight Adolescents was published in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

The researchers sought to clear up uncertainty among the scientific community about whether parenting has an influence on academic achievement of preterm children.

They looked at two groups of German children 314 very preterm/very low birth weight children and a control group of 338 full-term children.

They were studied from birth to age 13, with the researchers analysing socioeconomic status, neurological and physical impairment at age 20 months and levels of parental sensitive and cognitive stimulation at age 6 years. School success was measured from six to 13 years of age.

The study defined very preterm as babies born at less than 32 weeks gestation or weighing less than 1500g (3lb 5 oz).

The researchers found that the 15 per cent of highly sensitive parents within the VP/VLBW group had children whose academic performance at 13 years was similar to the full-term children.

In contrast, parents of VP/VLBW children who showed low sensitivity had children who required more special educational help and had more schooling problems.

Maternal sensitivity made little difference to the grades or academic performance of full-term children, who were much less susceptible to parenting differences.

The research found that cognitively stimulating parenting raised academic performance across both groups of children.

Professor Wolke said: "The results suggest that sensitive parenting boosts children's self-control and attention regulation, which are important for school success.

"We would like to see increased investment in programmes that equip parents of VP/VLBW with the skills needed to provide appropriate and sensitive support to their children."


'/>"/>

Contact: Anna Blackaby
a.blackaby@warwick.ac.uk
44-024-761-51345
University of Warwick
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Super-sensitive tests could detect diseases earlier
2. Sun exposure and sun-sensitive skin type decreased risk for pancreatic cancer
3. Uncommon BRAF mutation in melanoma sensitive to MEK inhibitor drug therapy
4. pH-sensitive liposomal cisplatin improves peritoneal carcinomatosis treatment without side-effects
5. Nature-inspired advance for treating sensitive teeth
6. Stressed-Out Women May Be More Sensitive to Sounds
7. Uniquely Sensitive Body Wash Skin Care Line with Native Remedy High-Grade Bentonite Detox Clay; Now Available at Whole Foods Market in San Ramon, CA.
8. 1 in 8 Adults May Have Sensitive Teeth
9. Need for culturally sensitive treatment for deaf patients with psychiatric disorders
10. Case Western Reserve receives Helmsley Trust grant to develop new glucose-sensitive insulin
11. Cisplatin-resistant cancer cells sensitive to experimental anticancer drugs, PARP inhibitors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... the open availability of a new CDISC standard, Clinical Trial Registry (CTR) ... trials. This innovative standard will make it possible to build applications that ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Trinity Health, one ... a leading force in the fight to reduce tobacco use and its deadly ... can help reduce tobacco use. The initiative brings together two organizations committed to ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... In 2011, TIME magazine named Herr the “Leader ... biomechatronics, technology that marries human physiology with electromechanics. He continues that work as Director ... Founder of BionX , a leader in the field of prosthetic devices. , ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Cognizin® Citicoline is one of ... in the Healthy Ageing category, Cognizin® is being considered for this prestigious honor ... can include everything from antioxidants, lipids, proteins, and botanicals. NutraIngredients will choose a ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... ... Card reminds us that May is National Stroke Awareness Month. According to the Centers ... in the United States; someone has one every 40 seconds. Annually, almost 800,000 strokes ... old. A stroke is when blood flow to the brain is blocked or when ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... a developer of a new generation of drugs ... overall survival results for Paclical/Apealea in the Phase ... patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. These preliminary results ... in combination with carboplatin versus Taxol in combination ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO , April 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ...  is expected to reach USD 2.06 billion by ... View Research, Inc. Increasing consumer awareness towards a ... over the next seven years.      ... Improper diet intake coupled with rising health treatment ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , April 26, 2016 Diplomat Pharmacy, ... of Jennifer Hagerman , Pharm D., to Vice ... growing role at Diplomat, Hagerman will continue to lead ... company that delivers custom education and training to Diplomat ... specialty pharmacy industry. Diplomat University also houses the quality ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: