Navigation Links
Secondhand smoke increases teen test failure
Date:9/20/2007

Teens exposed to secondhand smoke at home are at increased risk of test failure in school, suggests a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Our retrospective study suggests that in adolescents, secondhand smoke exposure could interfere with academic test performance, said lead author Bradley Collins, Ph.D., assistant professor of public health and director of the Health Behavior Research Clinic at Temple University.

Taking other known risk factors into account for example, socioeconomic status, gender, prenatal exposure to smoking and active smoking during adolescence Collins and his colleagues found that exposure to secondhand smoke at home decreased the odds of passing standardized achievement tests by 30 percent in 16- and 18-year-olds. Surprisingly, the study found that when examining the effects of prenatal tobacco exposure and secondhand smoke together, prenatal exposure did not influence test performance.

These study results bolster growing evidence of academic-related secondhand smoke consequences beyond the known health consequences, and should further encourage efforts to reduce this environmental threat, the researchers stated.

Its important that we help smoking parents learn how to reduce their childrens exposure to secondhand smoke, a goal that can be achieved without requiring the parent to immediately quit smoking, although thats the ultimate goal for the health of the entire family, said Collins. Current smoking cessation success rates are low, ranging from 20 percent to 28 percent in the United States.

The researchers, who analyzed data from 6,380 pregnant women and children from the 1958 British National Child Development Study, initially were interested in the long-term effects of prenatal exposure to smoking on adolescent achievement test performance when controlling for the effects of secondhand smoke exposure during adolescence. They found it interesting that secondhand smoke exposure trumped prenatal exposure.

The researchers note that the United States and the United Kingdom share similar statistics on smoking: Approximately one third of women in their childbearing years are smokers, 10 percent to15 percent of women report smoking during pregnancy, and up to 60 percent of children may be exposed to smoke at home.

The study did not reveal why secondhand smoke influenced failure, and the researchers were unable to include other known factors, for example, learning disabilities, that could also affect learning and academic test performance. However, prior research has linked exposure to prenatal smoke to a higher risk of cognitive and academic defects, learning disabilities and impulsivity. But few studies have looked simultaneously at the effects of both prenatal and environmental exposure to smoking on academic achievement beyond childhood and into adolescence.

Collins currently is conducting a smoking treatment research study that is focused on reducing young childrens exposure to secondhand smoke, breaking down behavior changes into smaller steps. He is one of a few researchers looking at smoking in underserved, high-risk populations and helping them find solutions that dont require smoking abstinence as the first-step goal.


'/>"/>

Contact: Eryn Jelesiewicz
dobeck@temple.edu
215-707-0730
Temple University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The Harmful Effects Of Secondhand Smoke
2. Secondhand Smoking Can Be Deadly
3. New York’s Secondhand Smoke Exposure Continues to Declin
4. Study Finds Link Between Secondhand Smoke and TB Infection in Children
5. Risk of Dementia Increased With Secondhand Smoke
6. World No Tobacco Day Focuses on Secondhand Smoke
7. Risk of Dementia Increased With Secondhand Smoke
8. Secondhand Workplace Smoke Hits Non-smokers Badly
9. Half of worlds children are passive smokers - damning disclosure from WHO
10. Glaxo launches pills to help smokers quit in 7-12 weeks
11. Emotional trigger to smoke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... United Benefit Advisors (UBA), the nation’s ... Austin & Co., Inc. Headquartered in Albany, New York, Austin & Co., ... technology, and beyond. As an employee-owned company celebrating over 160 years of ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... How to Write Error ... NC, http://www.fdanews.com/humanerrordrugdevice , Human error is known to be the major cause ... error will ever be totally eliminated, many human performance problems can be prevented. , ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... (PRWEB) May 24, 2016 -- ... of its Advisory Board. Joining the Grow Healthy Advisory Board ... of them embody the mission of our organization and bring talent, ... have them as we continue to expand our footprint as the ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Backed by decades of experience, Metroloji Okulu ... the best suited solution to meet regulatory requirements. Their professional staff also performs ... Istanbul. , Metroloji Okulu specializes in MadgeTech’s line of medical and pharmaceutical ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Mateo, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 ... ... dedicated to advancing the science and clinical practice of radiosurgery, is recognizing five ... of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). The awards will be ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Joe Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior vice president of ... In his new role, Marziani will lead the company,s business development and sales team, ... outcomes. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- Open Access Journal Focusing on ... Elsevier , a world-leading provider of scientific, technical ... launch of Clinical Neurophysiology Practice ... clinical practice issues in clinical neurophysiology. The journal will ... and didactic reviews. It is an official journal of ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... PUNE, India , May 23, 2016 ... is spread across 163 pages, profiles 12 companies and ... 280 tables and figures on the industry and its ... study that is comprehensive in nature, details the current ... of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: