Navigation Links
Secondhand Smoke Affecting Millions of New Yorkers
Date:4/9/2009

Nonsmokers have higher-than-average levels of residue, study finds

THURSDAY, April 9 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of New York City residents who do not smoke have elevated levels of the residue of secondhand smoke in their blood, says the city's health department.

And that suggests that nonsmokers in the city -- a number the city estimates at 2.5 million people -- are not adequately protected from cigarette smoke, it says.

"This is not what we expected," Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, the city health commissioner and a co-author of the study, told the New York Times. "It is a shocking number."

A study of 2,000 people by the city's Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, published online this week in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, found that 57 percent of nonsmoking adults in New York City had elevated levels of cotinine in their blood, compared with 45 percent of nonsmokers nationwide. Cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine breakdown, is not harmful but signals exposure to tobacco smoke.

Among nonsmoking New Yorkers, 69 percent of Asian adults are thought to have elevated cotinine levels, putting them at the top of the list, according to the study. Lower-income adults were more likely to be exposed to secondhand smoke than those with higher incomes -- 63 percent vs. 54 percent, the study found.

Data for the study came from a citywide Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2004, one year after the city's smoke-free air law took effect. The law aims to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke at work and in some public places.

"The study provides more evidence of the pervasiveness of secondhand smoke," Jennifer Ellis, a former health department epidemiologist and the study's lead author, said in a news release from the city. "It's not clear why New Yorkers experience more exposure, despite the city's relatively low smoking rate. It may be that living and working in close quarters with one another puts us at higher risk."

Despite the city's smoking restrictions, nonsmokers are still exposed to secondhand smoke on sidewalks, including near buildings, at bus stops and at subway entrances.

Also, people who live in apartments and condominiums might also be exposed to secondhand smoke that drifts from one unit to another in a building, according to Dr. Jonathan P. Winickoff, a professor at Harvard Medical School.

"Smoke doesn't know to stop at a doorway," Winickoff told the Times. "It fills the full capacity of every indoor location in which the cigarette is smoked."

Frieden, who described tobacco smoke as a "toxic pollutant," said in the news release that "most New York City nonsmokers are breathing in dangerous chemicals in secondhand smoke, potentially increasing the risk of cancer and heart disease."

More information

The American Cancer Society has more about secondhand smoke.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCES: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, news release, April 8, 2009; April 9, 2009, New York Times


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Acting Surgeon General Announces National Initiatives to Protect Children by Reducing Exposure to Secondhand Smoke
2. Secondhand smoke increases teen test failure
3. Secondhand Smoke Hurts Kids Grades
4. Indiana Legislature Should Protect All Workers from Secondhand Smoke
5. Novel MRI technique shows secondhand smoke damages lungs
6. Secondhand smoke damages lungs, MRIs show
7. Special MRI Shows Secondhand Smoke Damages Lungs
8. Novel MRI Technique Shows Secondhand Smoke Damages Lungs
9. Global Initiative To Protect Children From Secondhand Smoke
10. Secondhand Smoke Worsens Lung Function in Cystic Fibrosis Patients
11. World Cancer Campaign Builds Momentum Globally with International Initiative to Protect Children From Secondhand Smoke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Secondhand Smoke Affecting Millions of New Yorkers
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... You”: a fine examination of how God handles sin, including how to let go ... Miller, who, for over ten long years has been waiting to release this powerful insight ... he has been serving the Lord for over twenty years, and he has been preaching ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... Christmas:” a beautiful and enchanting tale that teaches children the true meaning of Christmas. “Journey ... Oklahoma City, and a devoted woman of faith. , “Becoming a parent changes you. ... of my mind for years, but actually doing it might have been a while in ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “God's Miracle Man: Against All Odds”: an ... of published author, Keith C. A. Tucker, son of Minister Delores Pinnock and a ... by Reverend Mark Hardy , “While sitting up in bed, I felt a pounding ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Next week after January 20th, the fear for many is ... circumvent health needs of over 30 million. Many interviews with Dr. Carol Francis at ... public servants were suppose to prioritize. Interviews provided below. , Among those ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Delray Beach, Florida (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... Kolker J.D., LCSW, announced that the name of their drug rehab center in Delray ... is time we recognize that not only stars such as Philip Seymour Hoffman and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... January 19, 2017 Incretin Mimetics/GLP-1 Agonists, SNDRIs, ... The global anti-obesity drugs market is expected ... of the forecast period and CAGR of 38.7% in the second ... at a CAGR of 32.8% from 2016 to 2027. The market ... and $24,063 million in 2027. ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 Accuray Incorporated (Nasdaq: ... and TomoTherapy® Systems continue to set the bar for ... highest composite overall user satisfaction rating among radiation treatment ... 2016 MD Buyline Market Intelligence Briefing™. The most recent ... composite ratings among industry peers for 11 of the ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017 James Gilbart ... Haematology, 2016;12(Suppl 2):3-8; http://www.touchoncology.com/articles/optimising-clinical-outcomes-gastrointestinal-cancers-through-inhibiting-angiogenesis-and ... ... Published recently in a supplement to European Oncology ... an article by James Gilbart and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: