Navigation Links
Scientists uncover source of ovarian stem-like cells prone to give rise to ovarian cancer
Date:3/7/2013

Cold Spring Harbor, NY In collaboration with colleagues at Cornell University, a team of cancer researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has discovered cells with stem-cell properties in the ovary that can mutate to form tumors.

The team demonstrated that when two important tumor suppressor genes are inactivated, a previously unknown subset of ovarian stem-like epithelial cells undergoes cancerous transformation. The findings, published today in the journal Nature, have important implications for our knowledge about ovarian cancer.

"Sources of cells that make ovarian tumors are not really known," says Grigori Enikolopov, Ph.D., one of the co-authors and team leader at CSHL. Dr. Alexander Nikitin is the corresponding author and team leader at Cornel University. "We demonstrated that a stem cell population sits in a portion of the ovary called the hilum, and can repair the ruptures of the ovarian tissue during ovulation, and that these cells are easily transformed into tumor cells," Enikolopov explains.

The idea that cells with stem cell properties can spontaneously mutate to become seeds of cancer has been gaining momentum. Some epithelial cancers such as cancers of the ovary and the intestine are known to originate in the transition regions between different types of epithelial cells, but the exact source of such cells in the ovary has not been defined. Previous findings have suggested that cells in these transition regions may be more "plastic" and exist in a less mature (i.e., less "differentiated") state, making them potential candidates as a cancer source. Until now, however, the lack of direct experimental evidence has made this hypothesis difficult to confirm.

The new work demonstrates that there is a population of slow-proliferating epithelial cells in the mouse ovary that can self-renew and expresses high levels of aldehyde hedydrogenase 1, or ALDH1, a known stem cell marker. The team found that these cells were localized in the ovary's hilum region, where they normally function to repair the ruptured epithelium after ovulation.

The researchers malignantly transformed hilum epithelial cells by shutting off tumor suppressor genes Trp53 and Rb1 and then transplanted these cells into mice. Seven of eight mice developed metastatic ovarian tumors. Trp53 and Rb1 are known to frequently mutate in human ovarian cancers.

"Some broad implications are that similar epithelial transition/junction areas can be the source of stem-like cells susceptible to malignant transformation in other organs, such as the uterine cervix and the esophagus, and become the seeds of cancer there," Enikolopov says. "Now we know what sort of cells to look for."


'/>"/>

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Defective virus surprisingly plays major role in spread of disease, UCLA life scientists report
2. OHSU scientists first to grow liver stem cells in culture, demonstrate therapeutic benefit
3. Scientists Pinpoint How Deep Brain Stimulation Eases OCD
4. Scientists make older adults less forgetful in memory tests
5. Scientists unveil secrets of important natural antibiotic
6. Fungi offers new clues in asthma fight, say Cardiff scientists
7. Scientists find promising new approach to preventing progression of breast cancer
8. Hopkins scientists create method to personalize chemotherapy drug selection
9. Spanish scientists develop a pioneering technique to effectively treat mucositis
10. Scientists find calcium is the initial trigger in our immune response to healing
11. Scientists should advance management of behavioral norms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, a nationally recognized ... have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an agreement, effective October ... a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, for ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. ... recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal ... spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... D.C. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading ... their peers in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International Society ... ., Vice President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Women-owned and Grand Rapids-based workplace wellness ... in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite Wellness will be honored at the ... 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Henry Autograph Collection Hotel, located at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In the United States, ... In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, Connecticut, and California—the ... have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively lower cost of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... 2017  As the latest Obamacare repeal effort moves ... (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham (R-SC) medical ... device industry is in an odd place.  The industry ... excise tax on medical device sales passed along with ... patients, increased visits and hospital customers with the funding ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ARBOR, Mich. , Sept. 19, 2017 HistoSonics, Inc., a venture-backed medical device ... precise destruction of targeted tissues, announced three leadership team developments today:   ... Stopek, PhD ... ... Veteran medical device executive ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... KALAMAZOO, Mich. , Sept. 18, 2017 ... , and OptiMed Specialty Pharmacy of Kalamazoo, ... offer a strategic hub service that expedites and streamlines ... personal spirometer, Spiro PD 2.0, and wellness management services.  ... is a medical device used to measure lung function ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: