Navigation Links
Scientists find calcium is the initial trigger in our immune response to healing
Date:2/14/2013

For the first time scientists studying the cellular processes underlying the body's response to healing have revealed how a flash of calcium is the very first step in repairing damaged tissue. The findings, published in Current Biology, could lead to new therapies that speed up the healing process following injury or surgery.

Until recently, very little was known about how damaged tissue activates and attracts the first white blood cells to the wound the first stage in the healing process. However, researchers from the University of Bristol's School of Biochemistry in collaboration with a team from the University of Bath, have shown that the very first trigger in this process is a flash of calcium which spreads like a wave back from the wound edge through gap junctions that connect all the cells.

This flash of calcium signal goes on to activate an enzyme known as DUOX that synthesises hydrogen peroxide, which, in turn, attracts the first white blood cells to the wound. This white blood cell invasion, which is initiated during our inflammatory responses, is needed to kill off invading microbes and stop the onset of septicaemia following tissue damage.

The findings indicate that the wound-induced calcium flash represents the earliest identified signal following wounding and might therefore orchestrate the rapid recruitment of immune cells.

To assess the impact of a reduced calcium flash upon the inflammatory response the team used Drosophila (fruit fly) embryos because they are translucent which makes it easy to image the inflammatory response and because of their simple genetics. The team found that blocking the calcium flash inhibited H2O2 release at the wound site leading to a reduction in the number of immune cells migrating to the wound.

Paul Martin, Professor of Cell Biology and an expert in wound healing at the University, said: "White blood cells are a little like 'Jeckyll and Hyde' in that they help us heal but are also the reason behind why we scar so we really need to know how they are regulated at wounds in order to learn how to control their behaviours for future therapeutic intervention."

Will Razzell, the lead PhD researcher on this study, added: "We are more than ever understanding the pathways that lead to immune cell attraction to wounds. As calcium represents the immediate inflammatory signal, we now have a good foundation to investigate this complicated process further."


'/>"/>
Contact: Caroline Clancy
caroline.clancy@bristol.ac.uk
44-011-792-88086
University of Bristol
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists should advance management of behavioral norms
2. Scientists advance the art of magic with a study of Penn and Tellers cups and balls illusion
3. CSHL scientists identify a new strategy for interfering with a potent cancer-causing gene
4. Scientists Find 24 New Genes Linked to Nearsightedness
5. NIH scientists discover promising target to block Staphylococcus infection
6. Scientists find key to growth of bad bacteria in inflammatory bowel disease
7. Scientists Explore How Zinc Fights Off Infection
8. Compound developed by scientists protects heart cells during and after attack
9. Scientists discover how chromosomes keep their loose ends loose
10. Meeting: Scientists to explore 60 topical issues related to human health and the environment
11. Scientists debate CDC recommendations during meningitis outbreak
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer ... one of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. ... descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range of technology and ... for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held October 14–18, 2017 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) ... FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s Annual Symposium in Washington, D.C. AMIA’s ... Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the field of medical informatics, this prestigious award ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National Health System will ... the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. Chaired by Jeffrey ... Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., Chief of the Division ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Vohra Chief ... advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing facility medical directors and other clinicians at ... of Wound Care." , "At many of these conferences we get to educate ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... , Oct. 12, 2017   Divoti USA ... Jewelry up to the standard of the latest FDA requirements, which ... 2017). Anyone in need of Medical ID jewelry such ... Alert Jewelry are engraved in terms of the new ... Divoti offers ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Oct. 11, 2017  True Health, a leader ... its effort during National Breast Cancer Awareness month ... risks. Research ... calculated that more than 10 million American women ... in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and have not had testing. ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... 6, 2017   Provista, a proven leader ... billion in purchasing power, today announced a new resource ... The Newsroom is the online home for case ... expert bios, news releases, slideshows and events. ... wealth of resources at their fingertips, viewers can also ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: