Navigation Links
Scientists discover new protein involved in lung cancer

Scientists from The University of Manchester part of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre (MCRC) - have discovered a new protein that is involved in cancer and inflammation in lung tissue.

The findings, published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, could help in the development of new drugs to target lung cancer.

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in Greater Manchester, with around 930 men and 790 women dying from the disease every year in the area.

While there have been major advances in treatments and outcomes for some cancers over the past 60 years, lung cancer patients have enjoyed few of these improvements and new therapies have not made a difference to their survival.

The research by the Manchester team looked at glucocorticoids, the hormones that regulate inflammation and energy production in cells in the body. In lung cancer these hormones are known to play a role in controlling cell growth.

Glucocorticoids work through receptors, and this new research reveals how these receptors work. In particular, a newly discovered enzyme, known as Merm1, was discovered to be essential for glucocorticoids to work normally. Merm1 was found to be suppressed in lung inflammation, and in cancer.

Professor David Ray, Professor of Medicine and Endocrinology at The University of Manchester who led the research, said: "We know that resistance to glucocorticoids happens in various inflammatory diseases, as well as cancer, in lung tissue. We wanted to explore whether a protein, known as Merm1, was involved in this resistance and therefore involved in controlling the uncontrolled cell growth that is the hallmark of cancer."

The study showed Merm1 controls the binding between a glucocorticoid receptor and its target genes. This step is essential for the receptor to work, and to control cell growth, and division. More importantly, it revealed that inflammation, as seen in asthma or bronchitis, results in loss of Merm1.

Professor Ray said: "This work shows that targeting Merm1 could offer a new strategy in developing anti-inflammatory treatments.

Dr Toryn Poolman, from The University of Manchester and MCRC who also worked on the research, said: "The study has given us a new insight into the mechanisms at play in lung inflammation and lung cancer. We believe it could provide a new area to target drugs in lung cancer."

Contact: Alison Barbuti
University of Manchester

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists explore promising new option for first line of attack in lymphoma
2. Tel Aviv University scientists honored for proposals in melanoma research
3. Scientists call for screening mammography every 2 years for most women
4. NIH scientists find mechanism that helps HIV evade antibodies, stabilize key proteins
5. Scientists develop powerful new animal model for metastatic prostate cancer
6. NIH scientists map gene changes driving tumors in common pediatric soft-tissue cancer
7. Scripps Florida scientists find regulator of amyloid plaque buildup in Alzheimers disease
8. NCCS scientists discover gene regulation is dependent on protein ANP32E
9. Scientists make your stomach turn bright green if you have an ulcer
10. Scientists reduce protein crystal damage, improve pharmaceutical development
11. It's All In The Climate: New Study from Research Scientists at Florida International University Predict
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/24/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... DMG Productions ... Ed Begley Jr., airing first quarter 2016 via Discovery Channel. Dates and show times ... the Province, and is in the business of producing and supplying medical marijuana pursuant ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... It takes only three to five seconds to ... that the first impression be positive and reflects business values. If a client starts ... or want to return. They will also share their thoughts about a business with ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 2015 , ... In response to recent news highlighting Oxycodone fraud, Novus Medical ... the United States grew 400 percent between 1999 and 2010, far more than the ... percent of all fatal drug overdoses. (1) , While oxycodone and the extended release ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 2015 , ... The American Association of Poison Control Centers ... through donations on Tuesday, Dec. 1, 2015. Since 2012, the Tuesday following Thanksgiving ... to collaborate in improving their local communities and help give back in impactful ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 24, 2015 , ... With Thanksgiving right around the corner, holiday travel season ... protect your family and vehicle. , According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, ... is sharing the following safety tips from the NHTSA: , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... Va. , Nov. 24, 2015  DILON Diagnostics ... have signed an agreement for DILON to distribute GE,s ... across the globe. The signing of this distribution agreement will ... NM750b Molecular Breast Imaging system and is considered an ... provide better healthcare solutions for clinicians and their patients. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 . ... adds Latest Guidebook for Chinese Medical Device GMP ... in November 2015 to the medical devices market ... at . China ... global economies with a fifth population in the ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Figure 1, a free ... share medical cases, has launched a new completely redesigned ... web version allows radiologists, who work primarily on a ... further engage with its radiologist user base, Figure 1 ... North America (RSNA) Annual Meeting. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: