Alice Bender, the nutrition communications manager for the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), said she wasn't surprised by the findings in the consensus report. "What we're seeing is that there are a lot of commonalities between chronic diseases and their risk factors," she said.
Bender agreed with Giovannucci's suggestions and said the AICR recommends three guidelines for everyone: Maintain a healthy body weight; be physically active for at least 30 minutes a day; and, eat a mostly plant-based diet that's healthy and varied.
"At least for cancer, we know that each factor independently lowers the risk of certain cancers, but all three done together are even more powerful. And, I suspect that's the case for preventing type 2 diabetes also," she said.
Bender also emphasized the need to moderate the consumption of alcohol, which means no more than one drink per day for women and no more than two drinks per day for men.
Learn more about potentially preventing cancer with diet and exercise from the American Cancer Society.
SOURCES: Edward Giovannucci, M.D., Sc.D., professor of nutrition and epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston; David Harlan, M.D., director, Diabetes Center of Excellence, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, and chief, diabetes division, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass.; Alice Bender, M.S., R.D., nutrition communications manager, American Institute for Cancer Research; July/August 2010, CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
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