Navigation Links
Scientists Spot Eyes' Motion Sensors
Date:10/11/2007

Tough-to-detect cells do the job, physicists say

THURSDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. scientists say they've identified a type of retinal nerve cell that helps humans, monkeys and apes see motion.

The discovery of this "upsilon cell" may help improve understanding of vision in humans and other primates. The finding, by high-energy physicists at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and neuroscientists at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, Calif., was published in the Oct. 10 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

There are only a small number of upsilon cells, which makes them difficult to find when using traditional techniques. The discovery was made using a new detection system -- with 512 electrodes on an area about the size of a pinhead -- inspired by the UCSC scientists' research looking for particles in high-energy-physics collisions.

"This has been a fantastic journey through high-energy physics, neurobiology, technology, and human health," study senior author Alan Litke, adjunct professor of physics at UCSC's Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, said in a prepared statement.

Biologists have identified about 22 distinct types of primate retinal nerve cells but only know the functions of about a half dozen of them.

"People have looked at cell morphology, but that can't tell us in any detail how the cell responds to light," Litke said. "If we're interested in how the retina is processing visual information, we really want to focus a movie on it and see what it reacts to -- to find out if it's seeing color, responding to motion, or whatever it might be doing."

Litke and his colleagues projected simple movies through a microscope lens and onto a patch of retina. As the rod and cone cells picked up the images, they sent electrical signals to different kinds of retinal nerve cells. Further research revealed the presence and distribution of the upsilon cells and their likely role in detecting motion.

More information

The Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has more about the eyes.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: University of California, Santa Cruz, news release, Oct. 9, 2007


'/>"/>
Copyright©2007 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Nobel Prize for Medicine shared by Three scientists
2. Scientists plan human cloning clinic in the United States
3. Scientists crack mechanism of Leptin-Obesity Hormone
4. Scientists use plant hormones to fight cancer
5. American scientists alter gene makeup of babies
6. Expose on eating disorders!! Scientists trace “brain’s eating control center pathway”
7. Scientists found ancient Human Germ Killer
8. Scientists locate key hormone involved in appetite control
9. Scientists open the book of life
10. Electronic nose by Italian scientists
11. Scientists review SARS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/19/2017)... , ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... Administration Reauthorization Act of 2017, legislation that provides for greater public access to ... moderate hearing loss to access OTC hearing aids without being seen by a ...
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... August 19, 2017 , ... Yesterday, the President of the ... there are two sides. There are not two sides to hatred, bigotry, discrimination, and ... and prejudice, and the NPEIV stands against all forms of such hatred and discrimination ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 19, 2017 , ... Mr. Noppadon Pakprot, ... the Amazing Thailand Health and Wellness Tourism Showcase 2017 yesterday, which unveiled the ... Governor for Tourism Products and Business at TAT said, “Thailand has long been ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet today announces the launch ... lifestyles and highlighting the importance of proactive eye and ear health. The campaign ... latest innovations in hearing aid technology. , In this issue, the National ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... O'Fallon, MO (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... Charles County, is inaugurating a new charity drive to generate community support for efforts ... for research into cures and treatments for all types of cancer. , Each ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/7/2017)... Aug. 7, 2017  Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ... to resolve virtually all known U.S. mesh product liability ... resolve the known remaining U.S. claims at reasonable values. ... in the fourth quarter of 2017 and continuing through ... second quarter 2017 results, the Company intends to increase ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... Aug. 2, 2017 Fenita J. ... as a Pinnacle Lifetime Professional in the Field ... Manager at Turing Pharmaceuticals, AG. Her skills and ... relationship building.                ... 25 years of experience as a highly successful ...
(Date:8/1/2017)... Aug. 1, 2017   CerSci Therapeutics , a ... Texas , has received notice from the National ... of Health (NIH) that it has been awarded a ... over $650,000 in 2017 with an additional $1,000,000 to ... New Drug application of their lead non-opioid drug candidate ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: