Navigation Links
Scarring key to link between obesity and diabetes
Date:8/13/2009

The team, in collaboration with University Hospital Aintree, the University of Warwick and researchers in Sweden, found that people classified as obese and those with pre-diabetes have raised levels of a protein called SPARC, that can cause tissue scarring. The research revealed that an increase in insulin, a hormone that controls blood sugar levels, and leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite, can trigger an increase in SPARC, which can prevent the proper storage of fat in fat tissue cells.

It is thought that leptin, in an attempt to balance energy levels in the body, could trigger SPARC to limit the storage of fat. SPARC can do this by increasing the formation of scars in fat tissue, which can prevent fat being stored safely in the body. Researchers found that this process could predispose obese patients to type 2 diabetes.

Professor John Wilding, from the University's School of Clinical Science, explains: "We tested fat tissue of patients at University Hospital Aintree and found that an increase in leptin also increases SPARC levels, which reduces the safe storage of fat through the development of abnormal tissue scarring. Scarring of fat tissue is known to increase as we gain weight and we found that this is exacerbated by leptin, as well as an increase in insulin, produced by the pancreas."

Dr Katarina Kos, lead author of the research, added: "Leptin is produced in fat cells to regulate appetite, but the body becomes resistant to the effects of appetite reduction in obese patients. Leptin continues to increase in response to overall fat mass and promotes scarring through increased SPARC levels. Once scarring occurs, the excess nutritional energy from fat cannot be taken up by fat cells and so remains in the blood and begins to gather around organs. As a result, fat cells of people classified as obese, may not fulfil their natural purpose to store fat."

Diabetes is caused by the cells' inability to respond to insulin, which would normally enable uptake of sugar from the blood. To compensate, the pancreas creates more insulin to clear blood sugar from the circulation. The pancreas becomes exhausted and is unable to produce sufficient insulin to keep up with the demands of the body. This results in the development of type 2 diabetes, which can cause problems such as lack of energy to the cells and, over time, damage to the eyes, kidneys and heart.

The research team, working with the Swedish fast food study group at Linkoping University, also found that weight gain, induced by more than doubling calorie intake through eating 'junk food', causes SPARC levels to increase by 33%. In a further study with the University of Gothenburg, scientists found that a reduced calorie diet can decrease SPARC levels and the stimulus for tissue scarring.

Researchers are now investigating why some people are more prone to fat tissue scarring than others and how further understanding of SPARC could contribute to future treatments for diabetes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Samantha Martin
samantha.martin@liv.ac.uk
01-517-942-248
University of Liverpool
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Washington, DC Plastic Surgeon Pioneers New Minimal-Scarring Technique
2. New Study Finds CO2 Ablative Fractional Resurfacing Safe And Effective For Deep Acne Scarring
3. Preventing lung scarring may extend lives of lung cancer patients
4. New approaches to reduce scarring
5. Cooperation Between Faith-Based Organizations and UNFPA Critical to Maternal Health, Say Groups
6. Worldwide Gap Between Vision Care Attitudes & Behavior
7. No Link Found Between Birth Anesthesia and Learning Issues
8. Growth in Personalized Medicine to Drive Alliances Between Diagnostics and Pharmaceutical Industries, According to PricewaterhouseCoopers
9. New Agreement Between Amerinet and B. Braun
10. Limited data suggest possible association between Agent Orange exposure
11. Can the relationship between doctors and drug companies ever be a healthy one?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... , ... For those who skip meals occasionally (which is pretty much everyone), ... many new lifestyle diet tips offered by nutritionists Pam Bonney and Priya Lawrence of ... show. Bonny and Lawrence noted that because proper nutrition, including water, provides energy during ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... will feature Grassland Dairy Products, Inc. in an upcoming episode, airing third quarter ... a century of churning cream into butter, Grassland Dairy Products, located in Greenwood, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... PLAINSBORO, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 ... ... consumer digital and print media enterprise focused entirely on patients with cancer, today ... Mirage, California, was chosen as the 2016 CURE® Extraordinary Healer® for Oncology ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Nike ... long softball camp from July 24th – 27th for girls aged 10-18. All facets ... is held at the beautiful Clark V. Whited Complex, one of the finest softball ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... International Dehydrated ... Seminar on May 3 and 4 at the Doubletree by Hilton Hotel in Oak ... dedicated to marketing and applications technologies for protein ingredients. , At the seminar, IDF™ ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 Dr. ... und Stephen Schmidt werden ... ArisGlobal®, ein führender Anbieter cloudbasierter Softwarelösungen für ... dass neue Führungskräfte zum Team Sicherheit und ... vielfältige Erfahrungen mitbringen.  Dies wird die Geschäftseinheit ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... on the development of oral drug delivery systems, announced today ... conference, presented by Joseph Gunnar & Co. LLC, ... York . Nadav Kidron , CEO of Oramed, ... Presentation Details:   PIONEERS 2016, presented by ...
(Date:4/27/2016)...  Hologic, Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ) ... fiscal second quarter ended March 26, 2016.  GAAP ... 41.2%, and non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.47 increased ... a reported basis, and 6.3% on a constant ... good quarter, highlighted by 14.6% growth in non-GAAP ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: