Navigation Links
Satisfaction with the components of everyday life appears protective against heart disease
Date:7/4/2011

While depression and anxiety have long been recognised as risk factors for heart disease, there is less certainty over the beneficial effects of a 'positive' psychological state, Now, following a study of almost 8000 British civil servants, researchers say that a satisfying life is indeed good for the heart.

The results of the study are published online today by the European Heart Journal.(1)

The civil servants - who were all members of the Whitehall II study cohort in the UK with an average age of 49 years (2) - were questioned about seven specific areas of their everyday lives: love relationships, leisure activities, standard of living, job, family, sex, and one's self. They were asked to rate their satisfaction in each domain on a scale of 1 ('very dissatisfied') to 7 ('very satisfied'). Ratings for each domain were also combined to provide an average satisfaction score for their overall lives.

The participants' health records were then examined for coronary related deaths, non-fatal heart attack, and clinically verified angina over a follow-up period of around six years.

Results of the investigation showed that higher levels of average life satisfaction were associated with a reduced (and statistically significant) risk of total coronary heart disease of 13% (HR 0.87; 95% CI: 0.78 0.98), after controlling for demographic and other health characteristics. An approximate 13% reduced risk of heart disease was also associated with satisfaction in four of the specific life domains - job, family, sex, and self (but not with love relationships, leisure activities, or standard of living). The reduced risk of total coronary heart disease was found in both men and women.

There was a 'dose response' in these associations such that those reporting the greatest average life satisfaction appeared to enjoy the greatest risk reduction in total coronary disease. However, when examining the association between average life satisfaction and fatal or non-fatal heart attack separately from angina, reduced risk was only evident with angina, which appeared to be driving the association between life satisfaction and total coronary heart disease. Such findings may be accounted for by the relatively young age of the study participants or by the possibility that life satisfaction may relate to a general risk of atherosclerosis but not to factors predisposing individuals to heart attack. Nevertheless, the authors propose that understanding the psychological profile of patients with angina may add predictive value to an assessment of their subsequent heart disease risk.

'Taken together,' say the investigators, 'this research indicates that being satisfied with specific life domains - in particular, one's job, family, sex life, and self - is a positive health asset associated with a reduction in incident coronary heart disease independently of traditional risk factors.'

Commenting on the results, investigator Dr Julia Boehm from the Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, at the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA, said: 'Although conventional risk factors such as health behaviors, blood pressure, lipids and body mass index did not explain the relationship between life satisfaction and total coronary heart disease, other behavioural or biological mechanisms that promote resilience cannot be ruled out. Moreover, these findings suggest that interventions to bolster positive psychological states - not just alleviate negative psychological states - may be relevant among high-risk individuals.'


'/>"/>

Contact: Jacqueline Partarrieu
press@escardio.org
33-492-947-756
European Society of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Access to personal medical records increases satisfaction among new cancer patients
2. Medias focus on ideal body shape can boost womens body satisfaction -- for a while
3. Eating disorders and body dissatisfaction is double in Muslim teenagers than in Christian
4. Computer Imaging Adds to Nose Job Satisfaction: Study
5. Guided Care improves physician satisfaction with patient/family communications
6. Hospital Caregivers use MagnaSnap Paper Clamps at Bedside to Improve Patient Satisfaction Scores
7. First-time parents daily sleep duration predicts their relationship satisfaction
8. Patient Safety and Satisfaction are Key Issues at Scan Am Company June Conference
9. ‘Best in Class' Nursing Homes Recognized for Exemplary Customer, Workforce Satisfaction
10. National Allergy Supply, The Allergy Products Company Recommended By More Than 9,500 Doctors Nationwide, Announces 100% Unconditional Satisfaction Guarantee
11. Strategic Management of Quality-Safety-Satisfaction Data in the Small and Rural Healthcare Arena
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... ... the Pennsylvania Cable Network (PCN) during the summer of 2016. The program was ... provided by the United States Department of Health and Human Services Administration. ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After enjoying record-breaking attendance ... today for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, March 2-3, 2017, ... of the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using Research to Accelerate ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... and JENNERSVILLE, Pa. (PRWEB) , ... December 08, ... ... that Penn Medicine Southern Chester County, a Property owned by an affiliate of ... million, 72,000 square foot Penn Medicine Southern Chester County ambulatory care center (ACC) ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... ... With the increasing demand for dental implants, the National Association of Dental Laboratories ( ... patients about the safety issues related to dental restorations. According to the American Academy ... to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 with more than 30 million Americans missing all ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... access for customers and employees that are both engaging and easy to use. ... Smart Technology, the software company revealed today its plans to roll out new ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... IRIDEX Corporation (NASDAQ: IRIX ) today ... common stock, $0.01 par value (the "Offering" with such shares ... final terms of the Offering will depend on market and ... be no assurance as to whether or when the Offering ... net proceeds it will receive from this offering for working ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 KEY ... ... reducing loss of blood during surgeries, lowering the risks of ... decreasing risks of SSIs. The patient warming systems can be ... warming systems.These benefits in turn reduce the stay at hospitals ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- KEY FINDINGS The global medical lifting ... reasons for growth of the medical lifting sling market ... diseases, high recovery cost of injuries and government initiatives ... sling refers to an assistive device that helps caregiver ... to the lift and hold the patient. It is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: