Navigation Links
Saline Reduces Mortality for Brain Injury Patients
Date:8/29/2007

It results in lower death rates compared to albumin fluid, study finds,,,,

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A simple change in the way people with traumatic brain injuries are treated initially might make a big difference in their survival odds, a new Australian study suggests.

The study found that using saline rather than albumin fluid to maintain normal fluid volume levels in people with severe brain injuries resulted in nearly double the survival rate at 24 months after the injury.

"We determined that the 2-year mortality rate was significantly high in those patients who received albumin-based fluids compared to those who received saline, particularly those patients with severe brain injuries who presented with traumatic coma," said the study's lead author, Dr. John Myburgh, director of the division of critical care and trauma at the George Institute for International Health, in Sydney.

"Given the significant difference in mortality that we observed, we recommend that albumin-based fluids be avoided for the acute fluid resuscitation of patients with traumatic brain injury," added Myburgh, who's also a professor of critical care at the University of New South Wales.

Results of the study are published in the Aug. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Traumatic brain injury is caused by a sharp blow to the head that often occurs in falls, motor vehicle crashes or from physical assault, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC estimates that about 1.4 million traumatic brain injuries occur annually in the United States, and about 50,000 of those people die as a result of the injury each year. Those who survive may have lifelong disabilities.

Some of the most serious damage to the brain occurs at the time of the injury, and soon after, when the brain swells in response to the injury. Because the brain is an enclosed system, if swelling occurs, brain tissue becomes damaged.

Fluid resuscitation is a common part of traumatic brain injury treatment to ensure normal blood circulation in the brain, according to the study. However, there's been some debate as to what type of fluid would most benefit people with traumatic brain injuries -- saline or albumin fluid. Albumin is the main protein component of human blood.

"Albumin is a very expensive product that has to be purified," explained Dr. Keith Siller, medical director of the Comprehensive Stroke Care Center at New York University Medical Center in New York City. "If they're equally effective, you'd pick the cheaper fluid."

And, in fact, a previous study had compared the two fluids and found no statistically significant difference in the rates of death after 28 days.

But, Myburgh and his colleagues re-analyzed the original data to assess results at 24 months after injury. In the original study, 460 people with traumatic brain injuries were randomly selected to receive either saline or albumin fluid. Slightly more than two-thirds of the participants in each group were classified as having a severe traumatic brain injury.

After two years, the researchers behind the new study found that people with traumatic brain injuries who received albumin had a 63 percent higher risk of dying than those given saline. For those with severe brain injuries, the albumin group had an 88 percent increased risk of death compared to the saline group.

"These are people in very bad shape," said Siller. "If there's anything that can help them have better outcomes, we have to pay attention."

Dr. James Goodrich, director of pediatric neurosurgery at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore in New York City, said, "This is a great study that definitely found a significant difference in the sense of outcomes." But, he added, it just confirms what's already going on in the treatment of people with serious brain injury. "Albumin has pretty much been given up on," he said.

As to why saline might offer some benefit over albumin, Myburgh said the researchers can't explain the difference. "The exact mechanism by which the difference in mortality between saline and albumin remains unclear," he said.

"It's probably one of two things," said Siller. "Either albumin is making the brain swelling worse, or somehow the saline is doing something beneficial that albumin can't."

More information

To learn more about traumatic brain injury, visit the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.



SOURCES: John Myburgh, M.D., director, division of critical care and trauma, the George Institute for International Health, Sydney, Australia, and professor of critical care, the University of New South Wales, Australia; James Goodrich, M.D., director, pediatric neurosurgery, the Children's Hospital at Montefiore, New York City; Keith Siller, M.D., neurologist and medical director, Comprehensive Stroke Care Center, New York University Medical Center, and assistant professor of neurology and psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York City; Aug. 30, 2007, New England Journal of Medicine


'/>"/>
Copyright©2007 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Inhaling Concentrated Saline Could Benefit Cystic Fibrosis Patients
2. Spraying Saline Water into Nose may Reduce Nasal Passage Infections
3. Stress reduces your immunity- startling but true!!!!!
4. Thirty minutes of work up per day reduces the risk of Diabetes
5. Aspirin reduces deaths
6. Tomato Sauce reduces Cancer Risk- Study
7. Calcium reduces colon cancer risk
8. New pacemaker reduces risk of heart failure
9. Vitamin D reduces heart risk
10. Back exercises reduces Osteoporosis
11. Caffeine reduces infant blood flow
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2016)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 ... ... CitiDent, is now offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive ... self-ligating Damon brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business ... to $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the ... minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... EB Medicine presented its first-ever “Issue of ... in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor the outstanding work of leading ... and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this award, we recognize the efforts ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... client, The Grove Investment Group (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing operations at ... Las Vegas and Pahrump, Nevada. , Puradigm is the manufacturer of a complete ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm ... life sciences executive with extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of North ... Ms. Hill will be responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... , June 27, 2016 Jazz Pharmaceuticals ... waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of ... acquisition of Celator Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Celator"; Nasdaq: ... p.m. (Eastern Daylight Time). As previously announced ... into a definitive merger agreement under which Jazz Pharmaceuticals ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... VEGAS , June 26, 2016 ... to value-based care operating models within the health care ... enable greater financial efficiency , Deloitte offers a ... the key business issues impacting efficient cost optimization: labor ... , These services facilitate better outcomes and better ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016  Collagen Matrix, Inc., ("Collagen Matrix") the ... of collagen and mineral based medical devices for ... Bill Messer has joined the company as ... the growing portfolio of oral surgery, neurosurgery, orthopaedic ... joins the Collagen Matrix executive team as an ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: