Navigation Links
Safe water? Lessons from Kazakhstan
Date:4/29/2008

Despite significant efforts to improve access to safe water and sanitation, a new report co-authored by an expert at The University of Nottingham, argues that much more needs to be done.

A major survey in Kazakhstan found that, despite meeting the UN definition of what constitutes safe water, a large number of people reported suffering from illnesses like hepatitis and gastroenteritis.

A key United Nations Millennium Development Goal is to halve the number of people without access to safe drinking water and sanitation by 2015. This is seen as crucial to reducing poverty and infant mortality.

But, as the research shows, the MDG definition is too narrow and can be misleading. If the definition is used, it shows that over 90 per cent of people in Kazakhstan have access to safe water and sanitation. But the definition does not take into account the distribution, supply, quality and reliability of the supply. When these factors are considered, the actual number of people with access to safe water drops to less than 30 per cent.

Access to safe water is a serious issue in many parts of the world, which, like Kazakhstan, have experienced recent economic, social or political turmoil.

Sarah OHara, Professor of Geography at the University, says: The accepted international definition of an improved water source focuses primarily on distance to supply and the amount of water that it can provide. A household connection for example would meet the definition of a safe water supply. But our research shows that just because a house in Kazakhstan has a piped water supply, does not mean that the water is safe.

One of the biggest problems uncovered in the report is the disruption to water supplies. On average more than 70 per cent of respondents said their water supply was routinely interrupted, rising to 97 per cent in certain areas. Interruptions occurred as often as 14 days a month, and lasted for up to 12 hours a time.


'/>"/>
Contact: Sarah O'Hara
sarah.ohara@nottingham.ac.uk
44-011-595-14381
University of Nottingham
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. AUDIO from Medialink and Kelloggs: Whats in Your Water?
2. Love and Diabetes: dLife Valentines Day Quiz Tests and Teaches Important Relationship Lessons for People With Diabetes
3. Lessons Learned in Securing Top Talent During University Recruiting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/21/2014)... Khanna Vision Institute is pleased to ... Aspen Helicopters holiday event for underprivileged kids. The highlight ... flown by an aspen helicopter pilot. In the cover ... sleigh was visible.(please see accompanying video). Helicopter pilots require ... helped many pilots with Pi in eye vision correction. ...
(Date:12/21/2014)... Recently, one of the best prom dresses ... has introduced its new collection of 2015 prom ... on all its prom dresses & other fashionable designs, ... providing top quality dress products and great customer services ... one of the best prom dresses online shops around ...
(Date:12/21/2014)... Tiburon, CA (PRWEB) December 21, 2014 ... and resolved performance issues in hundreds of emergency departments ... patient satisfaction. Its findings have been translated into an ... hospital leaders to correct deficiencies and enhance the patient ... of outsourced emergency physician staffing and management services for ...
(Date:12/21/2014)... The Oncology Institute of Hope and Innovation ... and Whittier offices. The Hope for the Holidays Toy Drive ... and their families during the holiday season. This year, the ... children between both offices. This event continues to be successful ... service team, store managers and assistant managers came out and ...
(Date:12/20/2014)... Weddingshe.com has recently announced its new collection of sweet ... occasion dresses for the coming new year. , ... for global women. Now, all the models on its ... off. Among the new items, the model of 10986064 ... very popular. What’s more, Weddingshe.com also provides a fast ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:New Prom Dresses From One Of The Best Prom Dresses Online Shops, LunaDress Prom Shop 2Health News:NES Health Launches Stipend Program for Emergency Physicians in Training to Financially Assist Emergency Department Doctors While They Learn 2Health News:Tons of New-in Winter Sweet 16 Dresses from Weddingshe Online Now 2
... to low back pain, physicians generally advise exhausting nonsurgical ... shows that for degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis, ... ,Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a condition in which breakdown ... causes one vertebra to slip over the one below. ...
... potentially lethal to humans, had been found in a flock of ... ,The presence of H5N1 bird flu was confirmed on ... (2.5 miles) from a farm where some 6,000 turkeys were slaughtered ... farm in Tisova was the first incidence of H5N1 bird flu ...
... Zealand cabinet Thursday agreed to ban popular "party pills" and ... year, Associate Health Minister Jim Anderton said. ... clubbers and partygoers and are widely sold in specialist "party ... ,Anderton said he hoped Parliament would pass legislation to ...
... to a smiling Marilyn Monroe or feeling the muscles of ... on Wednesday unveiled a system that enables you to feel ... glove. ,The "tangible 3D" system creates graphics that ... glove that allows users to "feel" them, according to NTT ...
... United States added farm-raised fish and shrimp to a growing ... said Thursday. ,The US Food and Drug ... seafood until importers could prove the shipments were free of ... lawmakers urged a recall of up to 450,000 Chinese tires ...
... Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment of the University of ... variables such as erotophilia (positive attitude towards sexuality), ... in human beings. ,The researcher Juan Carlos ... and valid instruments in Spain to evaluate sexual desire. ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Surgery- Very Effective for Common Back Pain 2Health News:Surgery- Very Effective for Common Back Pain 3Health News:Potentially Lethal H5N1 Bird Flu Resurfaces in Europe 2Health News:US to Detain Seafood Imports from China 2Health News:Sexual Fantasies Play an Important Role in Boosting Desire 2Health News:Sexual Fantasies Play an Important Role in Boosting Desire 3
(Date:12/19/2014)... DIEGO , Dec. 18, 2014  RESMED INC. (NYSE: ... its second quarter of fiscal year 2015 results on Thursday, ... close. A press release with ResMed,s results will be issued ... host a webcast to discuss operating results and future outlook. ... 1:30 p.m. US Pacific Time and the live webcast of ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014   Aratana Therapeutics, ... biopharmaceutical company focused on the licensing, development and ... announced positive results from its pivotal field study ... treating pain in dogs with osteoarthritis.  In the ... assessment scores that were statistically significant compared to ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SAN DIEGO , Dec. 17, 2014 ... and Volcano Corporation (NASDAQ: VOLC ), a global ... today announced that they have entered into a definitive merger ... offer to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares ... equity purchase price of USD 1 billion (approx. EUR 800 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:ResMed To Announce Second Quarter 2015 Results 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Top-Line Results from AT-001 Pivotal Field Study in Client-Owned Dogs with Osteoarthritis 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Top-Line Results from AT-001 Pivotal Field Study in Client-Owned Dogs with Osteoarthritis 3Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Top-Line Results from AT-001 Pivotal Field Study in Client-Owned Dogs with Osteoarthritis 4Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Top-Line Results from AT-001 Pivotal Field Study in Client-Owned Dogs with Osteoarthritis 5Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 2Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 3Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 4Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 5Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 6Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 7Philips to acquire Volcano to expand global leadership position in image-guided therapy market 8
... Hospitals spend more each year on medical devices and ... than they would if purchased in the open-market according ... Manufacturers Association (MDMA).  The study empirically shows that GPOs ... them to receive kickbacks from suppliers, and that they ...
... 6 Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc. today announced publication ... of LYSTEDA™ (tranexamic acid) tablets for cyclic heavy ... the peer-reviewed journal, Obstetrics & Gynecology . ... reduced menstrual blood loss from baseline, and improved ...
Cached Medicine Technology:GPOs Fail to Provide Hospitals and Patients Health Care Savings 2Obstetrics and Gynecology Publishes Data From Pivotal Phase 3 LYSTEDA Study 2Obstetrics and Gynecology Publishes Data From Pivotal Phase 3 LYSTEDA Study 3Obstetrics and Gynecology Publishes Data From Pivotal Phase 3 LYSTEDA Study 4
An easy-to-fit high water content spherical soft lens manufactured using cast molding technology, and designed for use in the correction of myopia on a daily wear or extended wear basis....
... With the Hertel, the ... hands and held firmly against ... line with the center of ... against the two temporal orbital ...
Hertel exophthalmometer is used for precise exophthalmos measurements (e.g. exophthalmic goiter)....
Naugle exophthalmometer is superior and inferior orbital rim-based instrument....
Medicine Products: