Navigation Links
Rutgers study: Anxiety disorders in poor moms likely to result from poverty, not mental illness
Date:7/19/2012

NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. Poor mothers are more likely to be classified as having the mental illness known as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) because they live in poverty not because they are suffering from a psychiatric disorder, according to Rutgers researchers.

Judith C. Baer, an associate professor in the School of Social Work, and her team, in the study, "Is it Generalized Anxiety Disorder or Poverty? An Examination of Poor Mothers and Their Children," published online in Child and Adolescent Social Work, argue that although high levels of stress over long periods can lead to psychological problems, there is no evidence that generalized anxiety disorder in poor mothers is because of an "internal malfunction."

The findings confirm earlier studies that the poorest mothers have the greater odds of being classified as having generalized anxiety disorder. But Baer and her team wrote, "...there is no evidence for a malfunction of some internal mechanism. Rather, "there is a physical need in the real world that is unmet and produces anxiety."

"The distinction is important because there are different ways to treat the problem," Baer said. "While supportive therapy and parent skills-training are often helpful, sometimes the most appropriate intervention is financial aid and concrete services."

Rutgers researchers argue that changing and broadening definitions for GAD have caused, in some cases, mental health experts to categorize the reactions of these mothers to the extreme conditions they face daily as symptoms of the anxiety disorder.

Baer's team has been exploring relationships between poor mothers and their children and whether links between poverty and maternal anxiety might play a part in their offspring developing anxiety of their own.

The latest research by Baer and colleagues MiSung Kim, who completed her doctorate in May, and Bonnie Wilkenfeld, a doctoral candidate, analyzed data from the ongoing Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study with 4,898 participants conducted at Princeton University, consisting of surveys and home observations when children were 3-years-old. It confirmed that the poorest mothers had greater odds of being classified as having GAD but that the path from anxiety to parenting stress was not supported.

"This suggests that mothers can be poor and anxious, but still provide positive parenting for their children," Baer said.

Currently, psychiatric diagnoses are based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which uses symptom-based criteria to determine disorders. Recent versions do not consider context, such as poverty conditions, in determining diagnoses, Baer said.

"Our findings suggest that anxiety in poor mothers is usually not a psychiatric problem but a reaction to severe environmental deficits," she continued. "Thus, assessment should include careful attention to contextual factors and environmental deficits as playing a role in the presentation of symptoms. Labeling an individual with a diagnosis, especially if it is inaccurate, has a serious social stigma."


'/>"/>

Contact: Steve Manas
smanas@ur.rutgers.edu
732-932-7084 x612
Rutgers University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rutgers team discovers novel approach to stimulate immune cells
2. Children with asthma marginalized in movies, says Rutgers-Camden researcher
3. Rutgers leads effort to replicate care management programs in 4 U.S. cities
4. Study: Women not getting enough exercise; at risk of developing metabolic syndrome
5. Study: Insomnia takes toll on tinnitus patients
6. Study: No link between depression, nasal obstruction
7. Study: More Pre-Teens Get Vaccines When Middle Schools Require Them
8. Study: Kids Who Sleep in Parents Bed Less Likely to Be Overweight
9. OHSU study: Misdiagnosis of MS is costing health system millions per year
10. UW study: Sleep apnea associated with higher mortality from cancer
11. Study: Heart damage after chemo linked to stress in cardiac cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Leading CEOs from biotech, pharmaceutical, and ... 31st at The Four Seasons Hotel Boston. , The Boston CEO Conference ... exclusive access to key decision makers who influence deal making and investment. Attendees ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... to announce a new educational seminar to focus on current legislative activity and ... seminar will begin at 1 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 10, and will continue through ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Amir Qureshi, MD is the first physician in Arkansas to implant Nuvecta’s ... Nuvectra™ Algovita SCS System has been FDA approved as a treatment option for chronic ... introduce the most powerful SCS system and the only stretchable lead on the market. ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... Clara, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 ... ... announces the integration of the CareFusion NOX-T3 portable sleep monitor with its Somnoware ... provides a consistent, browser-based interface for diagnostic device operations. With this platform, initializing ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... MN (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... A ... U.S. states with the healthiest seniors are located in the Midwest. With the average ... more and more people are concerned with both the quality and affordability of where ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2017)... , May 26, 2017  Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ... President and CEO, will represent the Company in a fireside ... Conference on Tuesday, June 13, 2017 at 10:40 a.m. PT ... Terranea Resort in Rancho Palos Verdes, CA. ... the event will be available on the Company,s website at ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... BARBARA, Calif. , May 25, 2017  In ... United States , Direct Relief is working with ... overdose-reversing Naloxone available at no cost to community health ... other nonprofit providers nationwide. "Pfizer has ... access to medicines and ensuring patient safety through educational ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... 2017  ivWatch LLC today announced the launch ... to enable seamless integration of ivWatch,s groundbreaking IV ... pumps and other devices. By integrating ivWatch technology ... help health care customers deliver a higher level ... IV therapy. "The ivWatch OEM Board ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: