Navigation Links
Routine care for Crohn's disease in children should include measurement of bone age
Date:5/25/2012

Measuring bone age should be a standard practice of care for pediatric patients with Crohn's disease, in order to properly interpret growth status and improve treatment, according to a new study from the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.

"Not only is bone age helpful in predicting a child's remaining growth potential, our study demonstrates that bone age is necessary to correctly interpret a patient's growth status in pediatric Crohn's disease," said lead study researcher Neera Gupta, MD, MAS, a pediatric gastroenterologist at the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital.

Impaired growth and delayed puberty are common complications in children with Crohn's disease, with up to 80 percent of patients showing compromised growth. Typically, growth is interpreted based on a patient's chronological age, and growth status is one of the key factors driving therapeutic decisions.

In the study, researchers measured bone age with a left hand/wrist x-ray in 49 pediatric patients with Crohn's disease whose ages ranged from five to 17 years-old. Bone age is a measure of skeletal maturity, and, as a people grow, their bones change in shape and size. Based on the appearance of the bones and growth plates on the X-ray, a doctor can determine the bone age. Results can be given as a Z- score, either as average which is zero, or as a number of standard deviations above or below zero, taking into account the sex and chronological age of the patient. High bone age is defined as having a bone age Z- score (BA-Z score) > 2, and low bone age is defined as a BA-Z score < -2.

The study, "Determination of Bone Age in Pediatric Patients with Crohn's Disease Should be Part of Routine Care," is currently online in the journal Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ibd.22979/abstract

"One of our findings that surprised me was that 41 percent of our patients had BA-Z scores that were less than -2. I did not expect that such a large proportion of patients would have this degree of delay," said Gupta.

Crohn's disease is a chronic disorder characterized by inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. It is one of the two main disease subcategories of inflammatory bowel disease, along with ulcerative colitis. About one quarter of the more than one million Americans with inflammatory bowel disease are diagnosed in childhood and adolescence. In pediatric patients, the inflammation characteristic of the disease may lead to an inability to grow normally. Poor growth may be the only presenting sign of Crohn's disease in children and adolescents.

The disease is marked by an abnormal response by the body's immune system. The cause is not well understood but probably has a genetic component and an unknown trigger, according to the researchers.

The interpretation of a patient's growth changes when his or her bone age, rather than just chronological age, is taken into consideration, according to the researchers. The added information is also useful for properly interpreting height increments following therapeutic interventions.

"We need further studies to understand the effects of disease activity on bone age advancement and to determine which patients require more frequent monitoring of bone age," Gupta said.

Females in the study had significantly lower average BA-Z scores (-2.0) than males (-1.1). Interestingly, the research team previously had reported that males with Crohn's disease have more growth impairment than females. The researchers are continuing to investigate the underlying reasons for sex differences in growth. Certain factors Caucasian race, exposure to steroids, colonic disease location, earlier pubertal stage, and current treatment with the immunomodulator azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine -- also were associated with lower average BA-Z scores.

"It's important to know that active inflammation may be present even without classic intestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or diarrhea, said Gupta. "Poor growth may be the only sign of active disease. Including the x-ray as part of routine care allows a more clinically meaningful interpretation of statural growth and therefore enables us to improve our treatment recommendations."


'/>"/>
Contact: Juliana Bunim
juliana.bunim@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. U.S. Advisers Say No to Routine PSA Tests for Prostate Cancer
2. Doctors Urge Routine Skin Screenings
3. Routine Kidney Disease Screening Not Worthwhile, Experts Say
4. Routine mammograms may result in significant overdiagnosis of invasive breast cancer
5. Two Studies Find Routine Mammography Saves Lives
6. For Sleep Struggles, Women Urged to Alter Routines
7. Routine follow-up scans can detect head and neck cancer recurrences earlier
8. For Some Couples, Binge Drinking Is Routine
9. Study shows hospice caregivers need routine care interventions
10. New Canadian Guidelines Also Support No Routine Mammograms Until 50
11. Routine Head Hits in Sports May Injure Brain, Experts Warn
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Routine care for Crohn's disease in children should include measurement of bone age
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... The Aging in Motion ... established an ICD-10-CM code for sarcopenia, giving it recognition for separate reporting and data ... October 1, 2016. , Sarcopenia is defined as a combination of low muscle mass ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... affected by a health insurance co-operative bankruptcy to receive their prescription medications ... receive over 1,500 FDA-approved prescription medications from over 180 American pharmaceutical companies ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... announced its latest offering, the Protocol Calendar Exchange , is officially open ... pre-built, pre-reviewed protocol calendars available for sites to download into their clinical trial ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Vail, Colorado (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... LaPrade, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer at the Steadman Philippon Research Institute ... Capitol Hill Day to raise awareness about the debilitating and costly musculoskeletal ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... intelligent business communication applications and infrastructure for telecommunication service providers is pleased ... at Bestel’s Communications Network. The ACONYX Number Portability solution fully meets ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... MARLTON, N.J. , April 28, 2016   ... solutions, today announced that leading IT market research and ... Player " in the IDC MarketScape: Worldwide Pharmaceutical Track ... March 2016).  The report provides an assessment of the ... pharmaceutical track and trace software market. Logo ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016  Hologic, Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ... the fiscal second quarter ended March 26, 2016.  ... increased 41.2%, and non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.47 ... on a reported basis, and 6.3% on a ... another good quarter, highlighted by 14.6% growth in ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... -- Elekta today announced that its leading-edge ... focal point of seven scientific presentations at ESTRO 35, ... & Oncology, taking place April 29 - May 3. ... and a high-field MRI scanner with sophisticated software that ... in real time. The MR-linac is designed to improve ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: