Navigation Links
Rotavirus vaccine greatly reduced gastroenteritis hospitalizations in children
Date:6/23/2011

[EMBARGOED FOR JUNE 24, 2011] Vaccination against rotavirus, a major cause of severe acute gastroenteritis in children, dramatically decreased hospitalization rates for the infection among infants in three U.S. counties, according to a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online (http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/cid/prpaper.pdf).

From 2006 to 2009, researchers examined the impact of the vaccine among children hospitalized for diarrhea and/or vomiting in the Cincinnati, Ohio; Nashville, Tenn.; and Rochester, N.Y., areas. In 2008, rotavirus hospitalizations among vaccine-eligible children decreased 87 to 96 percent.

Routine rotavirus vaccination of U.S. infants began in 2006, and children between the ages of 6 months and 24 months are eligible for the vaccine. During the pre-rotavirus vaccine era, rotavirus gastroenteritis was responsible for 4 to 5 percent of all U.S. pediatric hospitalizations and accounted for about 50 percent of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations during the winter months.

According to study author Daniel C. Payne, MSPH, PhD, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, "Our data confirm that the introduction of rotavirus vaccination among U.S. children has dramatically decreased rotavirus hospitalization rates. The reductions observed in 2008 far exceeded what was expected on the basis of vaccine coverage and effectiveness."

Even older children who were too old to have been immunized with rotavirus vaccine appeared to benefit. The hospitalization rate decreased 92 percent among these older, unvaccinated children and is believed to have been due to the indirect protective benefits conferred by reduced rotavirus transmission from younger, vaccinated children in the household and community. However, Dr. Payne noted, "The indirect protective benefits seen in older, unvaccinated children were not observed during the following year, 2009, when rotavirus rates increased disproportionately among this age group. These findings suggest that indirect protective benefits may have provided unvaccinated, older children a single-year deferral of exposure and illness.

"Continued surveillance is needed to further assess the role of rotavirus vaccination coverage, indirect protective benefits, immunity over time, and serotypic variation upon rotavirus activity in the United States," Dr. Payne said.


'/>"/>

Contact: John Heys
jheys@idsociety.org
703-299-0412
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Doctors Can Use Rotavirus Vaccine Again: FDA
2. Rotavirus Vaccine Helps Kids Avoid Severe Gastro Illness
3. Study finds rotavirus vaccine greatly reduces hospitalizations for acute gastroenteritis in children
4. FDA Asks Docs to Suspend Using Glaxo Rotavirus Vaccine
5. GlaxoSmithKline Statement on New Information Relating to Manufacture of Rotarix (Rotavirus Vaccine)
6. Experimental Vaccine Seems to Cure Prostate Cancer in Mice
7. Mayo Clinic researchers use human vaccine to cure prostate cancer in mice
8. New approach to cancer vaccines proves successful in early studies
9. HPV Vaccine May Cut Rate of Cervical Cancer Precursors
10. Latest data from Cedars-Sinai vaccine study supports immune targeting of brain tumors
11. Most U.S. Kids Get Recommended Vaccines: CDC
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... In modern ... the most appropriate instruments for research and understanding the basic principles that were ... will focus on innovations in stereo microscopy for brightfield and fluorescence typically used ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Drs. Nicholas Rallis and Chris ... spent 10 years as clinical instructors for the reputable Full Mouth Rehabilitation continuing ... the program, private practitioners receive cutting-edge clinical training and learn how to perform ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... , ... Myers Jackson is well known for auctioning homes that people move ... on the planet. The luxury home market is alive and well and there are ... search of “11 Spyglass Hill Auction will enlighten you on the dynamics of how ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Accordant Technology, a trusted ... ExtraHop delivers an analytics-first approach, layered with machine learning, that provides real-time visibility ... to the cloud to the edge. Through the new partnership, customers get the ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... Chicago, IL (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 ... ... of the most prominent for-profit and nonprofit hospitals and health systems in the ... have turned around their institutions, led professional organizations and been instrumental in developing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ) announced today the ... April 1, 2017 .   GAAP diluted earnings per ... prior year period as the sale of the blood ... diluted EPS of $0.50 increased 6.4%.  Revenue of $715.4 ... Excluding the effects of blood screening and the acquired ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... GLEN BURNIE, Md. , May 10, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... and retention solutions for the clinical research industry, is ... website, www.CSSiEnroll.com . The new website features both ... better overall user experience and enhances the company,s already ... in the industry. "After many months ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... May 9, 2017  Semler Scientific, Inc. (OTCQB: ... solutions to improve the clinical effectiveness and efficiency ... the first quarter ended March 31, 2017. ... our customers to identify when preventive care options ... events like heart attacks or strokes occur," said ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: