Navigation Links
Risk of marijuana's 'gateway effect' overblown, new UNH research shows
Date:9/1/2010

DURHAM, N.H. New research from the University of New Hampshire shows that the "gateway effect" of marijuana that teenagers who use marijuana are more likely to move on to harder illicit drugs as young adults is overblown.

Whether teenagers who smoked pot will use other illicit drugs as young adults has more to do with life factors such as employment status and stress, according to the new research. In fact, the strongest predictor of whether someone will use other illicit drugs is their race/ethnicity, not whether they ever used marijuana.

Conducted by UNH associate professors of sociology Karen Van Gundy and Cesar Rebellon, the research appears in the September 2010, issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior in the article, "A Life-course Perspective on the 'Gateway Hypothesis.' "

"In light of these findings, we urge U.S. drug control policymakers to consider stress and life-course approaches in their pursuit of solutions to the 'drug problem,' " Van Gundy and Rebellon say.

The researchers used survey data from 1,286 young adults who attended Miami-Dade public schools in the 1990s. Within the final sample, 26 percent of the respondents are African American, 44 percent are Hispanic, and 30 percent are non-Hispanic white.

The researchers found that young adults who did not graduate from high school or attend college were more likely to have used marijuana as teenagers and other illicit substances in young adulthood. In addition, those who used marijuana as teenagers and were unemployed following high school were more likely to use other illicit drugs.

However, the association between teenage marijuana use and other illicit drug abuse by young adults fades once stresses, such as unemployment, diminish.

"Employment in young adulthood can protect people by 'closing' the marijuana gateway, so over-criminalizing youth marijuana use might create more serious problems if it interferes with later employment opportunities," Van Gundy says.

In addition, once young adults reach age 21, the gateway effect subsides entirely.

"While marijuana use may serve as a gateway to other illicit drug use in adolescence, our results indicate that the effect may be short-lived, subsiding by age 21. Interestingly, age emerges as a protective status above and beyond the other life statuses and conditions considered here. We find that respondents 'age out' of marijuana's gateway effect regardless of early teen stress exposure or education, work, or family statuses," the researchers say.

The researchers found that the strongest predictor of other illicit drug use appears to be race-ethnicity, not prior use of marijuana. Non-Hispanic whites show the greatest odds of other illicit substance use, followed by Hispanics, and then by African Americans.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Van Gundy
karen.vangundy@unh.edu
603-862-1896
University of New Hampshire
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. GateWay Community College Receives Strong Endorsement for Re-accreditation
2. New gateway to treat leukemia and other cancers
3. BMEGateway Announces Insurance Symposium Will Focus on Orthopedic Issues with an All-star Team of Experts Held May 18, 2010
4. BMEGateway's 20th Anniversary Insurance Symposium considered a “Tremendous” Success
5. Datatel's Hosted Pay-by-Phone Credit Card Payment IVR Gateway Receives Heartland Payment Systems Certification
6. Drug May Ease Cognitive Effects of Huntingtons
7. Low forms of cyclin E reduce breast cancer drugs effectiveness
8. Gastric Banding Most Effective for Obese Teens
9. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
10. China Cord Blood Corporation Warrant Registration Statement Declared Effective by SEC
11. YazTalk Warns Women of Life Threatening Side Effects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... LOS ANGELES (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... of Parsa Mohebi Hair Restoration, has recently contributed a medical article to the ... doctors, on cosmetictown.com. Dr. Mohebi’s article spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National Health ... Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. Chaired ... Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., Chief ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best ... in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... In the United States, single-family home owners ... New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, Connecticut, and California—the average is $7,000 ... property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively lower cost of living in places ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Farm Forward joins Bon Appétit ... institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership Circle , a program ... raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership Circle also include Airbnb’s ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... SAN DIEGO , Sept. 22, 2017 ... ll medical device is now successfully helping those with ... Union. Fibromyalgia diagnosed Amanda in ... getting dressed and washing my hair, experiencing no sleep ... body in painful spasm… I cannot recommend [the AVACEN ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Pa. and KALAMAZOO, Mich. , ... Allentown, Penn. , and OptiMed Specialty Pharmacy of ... business partnership to offer a strategic hub service that ... Healthcare,s highly sought-after personal spirometer, Spiro PD 2.0, and ... A spirometer is a medical device used to ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 12, 2017   EcoVadis , ... supply chains, has published the first annual edition of its Global CSR ... than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based on Scorecard Ratings that analyzed ... ... & Performance Index ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: