Navigation Links
Rich/Poor Divide Linked to Hospital Readmissions in Study
Date:2/15/2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The divide between rich and poor in the state where you live may affect your risk of being readmitted to the hospital, according to a new report.

For the study, researchers looked at "income inequality," which they described as "the degree to which income is unevenly distributed within a society," and its impact on Medicare readmissions and deaths within 30 days of hospital discharge.

The researchers found that in states with the greatest income inequality, there were nearly 40,000 extra hospital readmissions over a three-year period in the United States. But they also found, in the report published online Feb. 15 in the BMJ, income inequality was not associated with an increased risk of death.

The study authors noted that the findings held true even after they adjusted for individual levels of income and education.

In conducting the study, researchers led by Dr. Peter Lindenauer, an associate professor of medicine at the Center for Quality of Care Research at Baystate Medical Center in Springfield, Mass., examined information on Medicare patients who had been admitted to the hospital due to a heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia.

For the study, the researchers' mortality (deaths) analyses included 2.7 million admissions to 4,500 hospitals, and their readmission analyses included 3.2 million admissions to 4,500 hospitals.

The investigators also analyzed data from the U.S. Census Bureau in order to compare the states with the three highest quarters of income inequality with the states in the lowest quarter.

Income inequality was not associated with an increased risk of death within 30 days for patients who had been admitted for a heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia, the study found. However, the findings revealed that patients exposed to greater levels of income inequality were at increased risk for readmission within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital. This was true for all three conditions.

For patients who had a heart attack or heart failure, the risk for readmission increased 1.5 percent. Those with pneumonia had a 1.4 percent higher risk. The researchers estimated this would amount to over 7,000 more readmissions for heart attack, nearly 18,000 more readmissions for heart failure and about 14,000 extra readmissions for pneumonia over three years.

It remains unclear why the investigators found no link between income inequality and the risk of death. They suggested in their report that over a 30-day period, "readmission is more sensitive to social conditions than is mortality, and that an effect on mortality might have been observed had we extended the period of observation to one year."

While the study found an association between distribution of wealth within a society and hospital readmissions, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

More research is needed to explain the findings, the authors pointed out in a journal news release.

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has more about reducing unnecessary hospital readmissions.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: BMJ, news release, Feb. 14, 2013


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. PCH Mutual Insurance CO., A RRG Announces Dividend for 2013
2. Antibiotics Linked to Retinal Detachment Risk
3. Pesticides May Be Linked to Slightly Smaller Babies, Shorter Pregnancies
4. Pharmacy Robots Linked to Bacterial Contamination of Drugs
5. 2 genetic deletions in human genome linked to the development of aggressive prostate cancer
6. Dental X-Rays May Be Linked to Benign Brain Tumors
7. In Mice, Drug Reverses Symptoms of Condition Linked to Autism
8. Huntingtons Disease Linked to Reduced Cancer Risk in Study
9. Study finds significant skull differences between closely linked groups
10. Researchers Map Brain Regions Linked to Intelligence
11. Swallowing exercises linked with short-term improvement among patients with head and neck cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Rich/Poor Divide Linked to Hospital Readmissions in Study
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing ... their videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... Lake Orion, Clarkston, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June ... ... direction with respect to fertility once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These ... tolerable intercourse but they also require a comprehensive approach that can help for ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible lice ... overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human host, ... a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. , ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As ... with Magna Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine ... and returned to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Canada (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional ... pursuit of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can ... risk more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition ... report to their offering. ... The World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers the world ... in the report includes the following: , ... by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 , World ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016   Pulmatrix, Inc ., (NASDAQ: ... drugs, announced today that it was added to the ... its comprehensive set of U.S. and global equity indexes ... important milestone for Pulmatrix," said Chief Executive Officer ... our progress in developing drugs for crucial unmet medical ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... KNOXVILLE, Tenn. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... market providing less invasive and more durable cerebrospinal ... million in funding.  The Series-A funding is led ... the Lighthouse Fund, and other private investors.  Arkis, ... less-invasive neurosurgical instrumentation and the market release of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: