Navigation Links
Review finds conflicts of interest in many cancer studies

A new analysis finds that a considerable number of clinical cancer studies published in respected medical journals have financial connections to pharmaceutical companies. Published in the June 15, 2009 issue of CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that conflicts of interest may cause some researchers to report biased results that are favorable to companies.

Ties between clinical researchers and companies that make medical devices and drugs have become increasingly complex and controversial, particularly as more researchers compete for scarce federal research funds. In addition to using industry money to support their research, some investigators receive consulting fees, own stock and hold positions within companies that profit from selling the very products they are investigating. These conflicts of interest have raised concerns that studies with ties to industry are biased and are not designed to provide a true test of medical therapies. Many medical journals now require researchers to disclose potential conflicts of interest in the articles they submit for publication.

To get sense of the frequency and impact of conflicts of interest in clinical cancer research, Dr. Reshma Jagsi of the University of Michigan and colleagues reviewed cancer studies appearing in eight highly regarded journals in 2006. These journals included the New England Journal of Medicine; JAMA; the Lancet; the Journal of Clinical Oncology; the Journal of the National Cancer Institute; Lancet Oncology; Clinical Cancer Research; and CANCER.

Of the 1,534 cancer studies identified in these journals, 29 percent had conflicts of interest that were apparent from review of published author declarations and authorship lists (including industry funding, consulting fees to authors, co-authorship by industry employees, etc.), and 17 percent declared industry funding. Conflicts of interest were most often found in articles with primary authors from departments in medical oncology (45 percent), those from North America (33 percent), and those with male first and senior authors (37 percent).

According to the authors, randomized clinical trials that assessed patient survival were more likely to report a survival advantage associated with the intervention when a conflict of interest was present. These trials are the foundation by which drugs, technologies, diagnostic tests, etc. get approved for use in the clinic and therefore shape the way oncologists practice medicine.

The findings also show that studies with industry funding were more likely to focus on treatment than studies without industry funding (62 percent vs. 36 percent). They were less likely than studies not declaring industry funding to focus on epidemiology, prevention, risk factors, screening or diagnostic methods (20 percent vs. 47 percent).

This analysis revealed that conflicts of interest exist in a considerable number of clinical cancer research articles published in important journals. The authors noted that "attempts to disentangle the cancer research effort from industry merit further attention, and journals should embrace both rigorous standards of disclosure and heightened scrutiny when conflicts exist."


Contact: David Sampson
American Cancer Society

Related medicine news :

1. New review suggests caution on drugs to raise good cholesterol
2. Virginia Tech Review Panel Calls For Reform of Mental Health Treatment Law
3. Arbios Systems, Incs Q2/07 Analyst Review Issued by Scimitar Equity Research, Inc.
4. FDA Accepts New Drug Application for Priority Review of Investigational HIV Treatment TMC125
5. FDA Accepts New Drug Application for Priority Review of Investigational HIV Treatment TMC125
6. Peer-Reviewed, Online Database Showcases Local, County and State Pandemic Planning
7. InstaCare Corp. Reviewing M&A Plans
8. CCF Reviews Contents of SCHIP Reauthorization Bill Legislation Places SCHIP on Solid Path
9. Sunrise Provides Status Report on Special Independent Committee Investigation; Provides Updates on Managements Internal Control Review Efforts and on Legal Proceedings
10. Multicountry review shows that Bug Buster Kits reduce head lice and social stigma
11. MaxLife Fund Corp. retains the Law firm, Anslow & Jaclin, LLP of Manalapan, N.J., to review MaxLife Fund Corp. options to be listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... Angeles, Ca (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 , ... ... the American Board of Ophthalmology on November 25th 2015. Peer Certification by ... the field of his specialty. Certification in Ophthalmology is first obtained after the completion ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... 29, 2015 , ... Key Housing, a top-rated corporate housing service for the ... apartment community: Epic. In showcasing this featured apartment community in San Jose, Key Housing ... market to efficiently find housing suitable to their needs by showcasing quality housing. , ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... Pixel Film Studios is back again with ... the possibilities are endless. Users have full control over angle of view, speed method, ... users are sure to get heads to turn. , ProPanel: Pulse offers fully customizable ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... The rapid speed at which Americans are aging is ... needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other cognitive conditions becoming more prevalent. Health ... of this equation: 80 percent of medical care occurs in the home, by ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The ... of USA Today in Atlanta, Dallas, New York, Minneapolis, South Florida, with a ... component is distributed nationally, through a vast social media strategy and across a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26 november 2015 AAIPharma Services ... geplande investering aan van ten minste $15,8 ... en het mondiale hoofdkantoor in ... resulteren in extra kantoorruimte en extra capaciteit ... groeiende behoeften van de farmaceutische en biotechnologische ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ) has ... Market Outlook to 2019 - Rise in Cardiac Disorders and ... report to their offering. Boston ... scientific and others. --> The ... Boston scientific and others. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... addition of the  "2016 Future Horizons ... Cell Surface Testing Market: Supplier Shares, ... their offering.  --> ... the  "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: