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Results of rapid gene trial reported at TCT 2011
Date:11/9/2011

SAN FRANCISCO, CA NOVEMBER 9, 2011 A clinical trial of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stable angina showed that a strategy of rapid genotyping followed by selective administration of prasugrel to carriers of a common genetic variant (CYP2C19*2) resulted in a decreased rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (platelet non-responder rate) compared to standard therapy.

The investigation also demonstrated that point-of-care genetic testing is clinically feasible and is capable of facilitating rapid personalization of antiplatelet therapy. Results from the RAPID GENE trial were presented today at the 23rd annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

The RAPID GENE (Reassessment of Anti-Platelet Therapy Using An Individualized Strategy Based on Genetic Evaluation) study utilized a novel point-of-care genetic test to identify carriers of the CYP2C19*2 allele and evaluated a pharmacogenetic approach to dual antiplatelet therapy following PCI.

The CYP2C19*2 allele, a common genetic variant found in up to 25% of Caucasians and 40% of Asians, is associated with increased rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) following percutaneous coronary intervention in individuals receiving clopidogrel. In March 2010, the US FDA issued a boxed warning indicating that patients carrying these genetic variants may not receive adequate protection from clopidogrel.

The RAPID GENE investigators hypothesized that a strategy of rapid genotyping followed by selective administration of prasugrel to CYP2C19*2 carriers would decrease the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (platelet non-responders) compared to standard therapy. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the first point-of-care genetic test in medicine for its accuracy and potential clinical utility. <
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Contact: Judy Romero
jromero@crf.org
Cardiovascular Research Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

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