Navigation Links
Researching how residential environment impacts preterm delivery in African-Americans
Date:6/4/2014

DETROIT High levels of racial disparities in preterm delivery exist, with African Americans having higher rates than non-Hispanic whites. Since traditional risk factors do not fully account for this disparity, other explanations are needed and researchers at Wayne State University are teaming up to find answers.

Residential environment may be an important risk factor for adverse birth outcomes, given the strikingly different neighborhoods in which African American and white women reside and the resulting racial disparity in exposures to social determinants of health. Some aspects of residential environment have been linked to adverse birth outcomes, including preterm delivery, however the majority of existing studies have only defined neighborhood exposures using aggregate data from the U.S. Census, which is unable to identify aspects of residential environment that may be detrimental. Recent evidence suggests that subjective assessments of neighborhoods from residents may be able to provide unique contextual information not available in Census data, including social environment.

To further examine the links between objective and perceived physical and social residential environment and preterm delivery among African American women, a Wayne State University School of Medicine researcher has secured a three-year, $173,556 Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health. The research project "Residential Environment and Preterm Delivery among African American Women" will use data collected from 1,411 metropolitan Detroit-area women, enrolled in a study shortly after they gave birth to a single infant at Providence Hospital in Southfield, Mich. from 2009 to 2012.

Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Ph.D., M.P.H, postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, will use the grant to examine measurement of subjective neighborhood constructs, including the methodological properties of subjective assessments. In addition, she will determine the associations between perceived social and physical residential environment and prevalence of preterm delivery as well as examine the associations between objective physical environment and PTD, using multilevel modeling.

For this research, Sealy-Jefferson will work with her mentor, Dawn Misra, Ph.D., professor of family medicine and public health sciences in Wayne State's School of Medicine, as well as Theresa Osypuk, Sc.D., associate professor at University of Minnesota, George Galster, Ph.D., Clarence Hilberry Professor of Urban Affairs at Wayne State, and Jason Booza, Ph.D., assistant professor of family medicine and public health sciences at Wayne State.

"Our research will extend the current knowledge of neighborhood effects on preterm delivery in several critical ways," said Sealy-Jefferson. "We will compare objective and subjective measures of residential environment, determine how objective neighborhood measures influence perceptions of neighborhoods, and conduct research in a cohort comprised entirely of African American women, a group known to suffer disproportionately from preterm delivery."

Sealy-Jefferson added that if subjective measures of residential environment are found to be better predictors of preterm delivery than objectively defined measures, this information can inform future intervention studies as well as policy efforts focused on eliminating adverse features of neighborhoods.

"If we are to eliminate the persistent racial disparity in this birth outcome, it is imperative that upstream social risk factors that are amenable to effective intervention be identified, especially since known individual-level factors do not completely account for the increased risk among African American women," added Sealy-Jefferson.


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. GW professor researching ways to improve human tissue dissection, reduce blood transfusions
2. LA BioMeds Dr. Patricia Dickson researching treatments for neurodegenerative disorders
3. New Residential Post-Acute Facility Specializing in Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury Opens in Mount Dora; Expected to Employ 175
4. LSUHSCs Rodriguez receives cancer immunotherapy Presidential Award
5. AAP presidential address to focus on changing pediatrics
6. K9 Dog Park Launches “Magic Wand” Residential Training Program
7. FirstService Residential’s Broward County Offices Take Part in Miracle Jeans Day
8. New pediatric infection prevention guidelines for residential facilities
9. Boys Town to Open New Residential Treatment Center
10. Residential Nursing Care in the UK Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld
11. Cannon Roofing and Siding Now Provides Expert Residential and Commercial Roofing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researching how residential environment impacts preterm delivery in African-Americans
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... CallTrackingMetrics's software gives ... monitor the performance of sales and support staff, and to efficiently route calls ... allows customers to record, transcribe, route, document, and report on everything going on ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... The Global Wellness Summit (GWS), an annual conference for international leaders ... spa and beauty in Europe. The organization asked its partner experts in Europe - ... - to forecast where wellness is headed in Europe. Predictions range from European nations ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Interest is on the rise for using the CRISPR-Cas9 system ... for RNAi hit validation. A key reason may be that high-throughput synthesis—combined with a ... RNA (crRNA) collections in arrayed formats. , Arrayed crRNA screens have ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... Dr. Charles A. Ditta attained his Doctor of Medical Dentistry Degree from ... where he graduated in the top ten percentile of his class. Dr. Ditta has ... has been a member in good standing for thirty years in the American Dental ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 30, 2016 , ... As the ... for their children and their efforts to keep their households lice free. , ... Hawaii are enacting new policies that keep kids in the classroom despite the fact ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... May 31, 2016  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... that Phil Hagerman , Chairman & CEO, and ... Blair 36 th Annual Growth Stock Conference in ... Mr. Whelan are scheduled to present at the conference on ... live audio-only webcast of the presentation and related presentation materials ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... , May 31, 2016 ... and Annotate Content From Elsevier,s ScienceDirect Database ... scientific, technical and medical information products and services, ... Berlin -based scientific collaboration platform PaperHive to enable ... over 12 million articles on ScienceDirect , ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... PUNE, India , May 31, 2016 ... 2016" market research report with comparative analysis of Asthma ... mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and ... and press releases. It also reviews key players involved ... on late-stage and discontinued projects. Complete report ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: