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Researchers work to take the pressure off newborns' lungs
Date:7/27/2011

AUGUSTA, Ga. Children born with heart defects that pummel their lungs with up to three times the normal blood volume quickly find their lungs in jeopardy as well.

Georgia Health Sciences University researchers are working to take the pressure off by augmenting a natural recycling system that enables blood vessels to temporarily handle the extra workload until the heart problem is resolved.

They've found that system isn't getting enough energy to generate sufficient nitric oxide, the powerful blood vessel dilator. But drugs called PPAR agonists, already in use for adult lung injury and to lower blood glucose and lipids in diabetes, may provide the boost small, fragile blood vessels need.

"Our goal is to help protect the babies' lungs until their heart defect can be corrected," said Dr. Shruti Sharma, molecular biologist at GHSU's Vascular Biology Center. About 1 percent of newborns have a heart defect with half requiring surgery. Improved surgical and medical treatments have increased survival rates but the risk of related lung disease also can be deadly as the high blood flow turns flexible pulmonary blood vessels into narrow, rigid pipes. The result, pulmonary hypertension, also puts additional strain on the heart.

Sharma is principal investigator on a four-year American Heart Association grant to better define key steps of the recycling system and whether increasing PPAR signaling can help restore optimal functioning of the system when it's needed most.

It's known that the amino acid arginine interacts with nitric oxide synthase to form nitric oxide and while these babies have plenty of arginine, they can't access it. Studies at GHSU and elsewhere have shown that the arginine found in the endothelial cells which line blood vessels are most important for nitric oxide generation. That's where recycling comes in.

Under normal conditions, arginine helps nitric oxide synthase produce nitric oxide as well
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Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@georgiahealth.edu
706-721-4421
Georgia Health Sciences University
Source:Eurekalert  

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