Navigation Links
Researchers will test suicide prevention program in high schools
Date:9/7/2010

With students returning to classes, University of Rochester Medical Center researchers are beginning a large, long-term study of the effectiveness of a unique suicide prevention program in high schools across New York and North Dakota.

The study of the program called Sources of Strength, led by Peter Wyman, Ph.D., associate professor of Psychiatry at the Medical Center, is supported by a five-year, $3-million grant awarded by the National Institute of Mental Health.

"Most school-based programs are oriented by a medical model designed to identify students who already are suicidal or highly distresses and refer them to treatment," Wyman said. "That approach has several limitations. The traditional approach assumes that mental health services are available and acceptable to most teens, which is frequently not the case. The tradition model does not change school culture and teen socialization in ways that prevent new instances of suicidal problems."

Sources of Strength aims to "strengthen how teens handle depression, stress and other problems by training influential teen 'peer leaders' who work to change coping practices in their friendship networks," he said.

Wyman's study will include 36 high schools, two-thirds of which will be in New York State. Schools in Chemung, Franklin, Onondaga, Schuyler, Tioga and Wyoming counties already have agreed to participate. As many as 14,000 students will be involved.

"We're focusing on rural and underserved areas where the traditional suicide prevention models are not a reasonable sole solution," Wyman said.

Suicide accounts for more deaths among those aged 10 to 24 in the United States than do all natural causes combined. Each year, 5 to 8 percent of adolescents attempt suicide. Up to one-third of these attempts result in an injury requiring medical intervention.

"This study is a real opportunity to determine how influential peer leaders in high school can change the culture of their schools and peer groups and determine whether this intervention leads to a decrease in suicide attempts," Wyman said.

The New York State Office of Mental Health Suicide Prevention Initiatives already has backed the program and the study.

"This office is proud to help support the expansion of the evidence-based Sources of Strength project," said Melanie Puorto, director of the Suicide Prevention Initiatives. "This school-based program promotes resiliency and helps increase positive help-seeking behaviors. This is an important effort to help prevent youth suicide."

Sources of Strength was developed in the late 1990s by Mark LoMurray with tribal and rural suicide prevention workers in North Dakota. Youth opinion leaders from diverse social cliques, including at-risk adolescents, are trained to change the typical beliefs and behaviors of their peers by conducting well-defined messaging activities with adult mentoring. The purpose is to modify the beliefs propagated through communication within peer groups and to alter perceptions of what is typical behavior for handling emotional crises and of the social consequences for positive coping behaviors.

Peer leaders encourage friends to name and engage ''trusted adults'' to increase youthadult communication ties. They also reinforce the idea that friends should ask adults for help for suicidal friends, thereby reducing implicit suicide acceptability and stigma for seeking help. Peer leaders develop videos and other messages showing how positive coping strategies or "sources of strength" can help in getting through tough times and challenging emotions. Changing these factors is designed to connect suicidal youths with capable adults and to reduce the likelihood that lower risk youths will develop behavior that includes suicidal thinking.

In a study of the Sources of Strength program in 18 schools in Georgia, New York and North Dakota that was published in July in the American Journal of Public Health, Wyman and his colleagues found that trained peer leaders in larger schools were four times as likely as were untrained peer leaders to refer a suicidal friend to an adult. Among students across the school population, the intervention increased perceptions of adult support for suicidal youths and the acceptability of seeking help. Perception of adult support increased most in students with a history of suicidal ideation.

"Sources of Strength is an innovative and promising program," Wyman said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Wentzel
Michael_Wentzel@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-1309
University of Rochester Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
2. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
5. Researchers create drug to keep tumor growth switched off
6. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
7. GUMC researchers say flower power may reduce resistance to breast cancer drug tamoxifen
8. Clemson researchers develop hands-free texting application
9. Researchers find biomarkers in saliva for detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer
10. Researchers chart genomic map spanning over 2 dozen cancers
11. Researchers discover second protective role for tumor-suppressor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Texas Physical Therapy ... be found at 9618 Huebner Road. The clinic is the group’s 7th location in ... and Dr. Ali Higgins, PT, will provide care from the clinic, which opened March ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... As the standards ... a communications platform that positions them as the go-to thought leader in all ... online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views and advocacy engine, called ONS ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro Health ... partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is to ... Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. Food ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation of Christian Love” is ... residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He and his wife are ... David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , “Love, the agape kind, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center PA are proud to ... location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite 440, Spring, Texas 77389 ... provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, Conroe, Magnolia, Kingwood, Humble) ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... PORTLAND, Oregon and PUNE, India , March 24, 2017 ... in 2015, and is estimated to reach $2,614 million by 2022, Globally, registering a ... expected to generate the highest revenue, and is projected to dominate the market during ... ... Allied Market Research Logo ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... IRVINE, Calif. , March 24, 2017 ... ,the epigenetics company, and Hamilton Robotics, Inc., ... workstations, announced an ongoing collaboration that teams ... products and RNA and DNA extraction products ... has already created optimized methods for microbiomics ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... worldwide markets for Dental Implants in US$ Million. The report provides separate ... Japan , Europe , Asia-Pacific ... Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2015 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: