Navigation Links
Researchers use human cues to improve computer user-friendliness
Date:3/4/2011

BINGHAMTON, NY Lijun Yin wants computers to understand inputs from humans that go beyond the traditional keyboard and mouse.

"Our research in computer graphics and computer vision tries to make using computers easier," says the Binghamton University computer scientist. "Can we find a more comfortable, intuitive and intelligent way to use the computer? It should feel like you're talking to a friend. This could also help disabled people use computers the way everyone else does."

Yin's team has developed ways to provide information to the computer based on where a user is looking as well as through gestures or speech. One of the basic challenges in this area is "computer vision." That is, how can a simple webcam work more like the human eye? Can camera-captured data understand a real-world object? Can this data be used to "see" the user and "understand" what the user wants to do?

To some extent, that's already possible. Witness one of Yin's graduate students giving a PowerPoint presentation and using only his eyes to highlight content on various slides. When Yin demonstrated this technology for Air Force experts last year, the only hardware he brought was a webcam attached to a laptop computer.

Yin says the next step would be enabling the computer to recognize a user's emotional state. He works with a well-established set of six basic emotions anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, and surprise and is experimenting with different ways to allow the computer to distinguish among them. Is there enough data in the way the lines around the eyes change? Could focusing on the user's mouth provide sufficient clues? What happens if the user's face is only partially visible, perhaps turned to one side?

"Computers only understand zeroes and ones," Yin says. "Everything is about patterns. We want to find out how to recognize each emotion using only the most important features."

He's partnering with Binghamton University psychologist Peter Gerhardstein to explore ways this work could benefit children with autism. Many people with autism have difficulty interpreting others' emotions; therapists sometimes use photographs of people to teach children how to understand when someone is happy or sad and so forth. Yin could produce not just photographs, but three-dimensional avatars that are able to display a range of emotions. Given the right pictures, Yin could even produce avatars of people from a child's family for use in this type of therapy.

Yin and Gerhardstein's previous collaboration led to the creation of a 3D facial expression database, which includes 100 subjects with 2,500 facial expression models. The database is available at no cost to the nonprofit research community and has become a worldwide test bed for those working on related projects in fields such as biomedicine, law enforcement and computer science.

Once Yin became interested in human-computer interaction, he naturally grew more excited about the possibilities for artificial intelligence.

"We want not only to create a virtual-person model, we want to understand a real person's emotions and feelings," Yin says. "We want the computer to be able to understand how you feel, too. That's hard, even harder than my other work."

Imagine if a computer could understand when people are in pain. Some may ask a doctor for help. But others young children, for instance cannot express themselves or are unable to speak for some reason. Yin wants to develop an algorithm that would enable a computer to determine when someone is in pain based just on a photograph.

Yin describes that health-care application and, almost in the next breath, points out that the same system that could identify pain might also be used to figure out when someone is lying. Perhaps a computer could offer insights like the ones provided by Tim Roth's character, Dr. Cal Lightman, on the television show Lie to Me. The fictional character is a psychologist with an expertise in tracking deception who often partners with law-enforcement agencies.

"This technology," Yin says, "could help us to train the computer to do facial-recognition analysis in place of experts."


'/>"/>

Contact: Gail Glover
gglover@binghamton.edu
607-777-2174
Binghamton University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
2. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
5. Researchers create drug to keep tumor growth switched off
6. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
7. GUMC researchers say flower power may reduce resistance to breast cancer drug tamoxifen
8. Clemson researchers develop hands-free texting application
9. Researchers find biomarkers in saliva for detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer
10. Researchers chart genomic map spanning over 2 dozen cancers
11. Researchers discover second protective role for tumor-suppressor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers use human cues to improve computer user-friendliness
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Premier Fitness Camp (PFC) ... , the ultimate weight loss and wellness program, at their world headquarters of Omni ... provide immediate and long-term results to anyone seeking weight loss, personal development, a healthy ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... development continuity to its innovative Unified Instance Manager architecture, meeting the needs ... this new version optimizes the unattended auto-dialing system without agents, Presence Robodialer, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... STATEN ISLAND, N.Y., Nov. ... adherence to the highest standards of trauma, maternity, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary ... and CEO, Dr. Daniel Messina. , Among the recognitions, the American College of ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... California Senate Bill (SB) 863, ... workers’ compensation claim in 2013 and 2014, according to CompScope™ Medical Benchmarks for ... . , According to the study, medical payments per claim in California decreased 4 ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Healthcare is ... Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching of story movements to highlight ... to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the network power ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)...   Hudes Laser Aesthetica announced their ... Astanza Trinity laser and Astanza Liberty IPL technologies. ... removal, IPL hair removal, pigmented and vascular lesion ... Aesthetica is setting high standards for aesthetic clinics ... to deliver effective, long-lasting results. "Hudes ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... Fla. , Dec. 9, 2016  Harmar Mobility, LLC announced ... and a member of the Board of Directors. Photo ... ... Mr. Dawson,s ... development of organizations across a variety of industries. He brings to ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... DUBLIN , Dec 9, 2016 Research ... Vaccines Market 2016-2020" report to their offering. ... The global travel vaccines market ... The report covers the present scenario and the growth ... the market size, the report considers the revenue generated from the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: