Navigation Links
Researchers report widespread use of medications among pregnant women
Date:4/25/2011

(Boston) Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Harvard School of Public Health, have reported widespread and increasing medication use among pregnant women. The study, which currently appears online in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, also found that medication use varied by socioeconomic status, maternal age, race/ethnicity and state of residence.

Although a number of antenatal medication exposures are known to cause birth defects, there is insufficient information on the risks and safety for the vast majority of medications, whether they are obtained by prescription or over-the-counter (OTC). As a result, pregnant women may unknowingly take a medication that poses risk to their fetus; on the other hand, anxiety about the potential harmful effects to the fetus may discourage women from adhering to beneficial treatments.

The findings came from data collected by the Slone Epidemiology Center's Birth Defects Study (1976-2008) and the CDC's National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2003), which together interviewed more than 30,000 women about their medication use during pregnancy. The results included information not only on use of prescription drugs but also OTC medications, which are more commonly used and are not typically recorded in electronic medical/insurance records.

The following is an outline of the study's findings:

  1. During the first trimester of pregnancy
    • 70-80 percent of women reported taking at least one medication; and
    • By 2008, about 50 percent of women reported taking at least one prescription medication.

  2. Over the last 30 years
    • First trimester use of prescription medications increased by more than 60 percent;
    • Use of 4 or more medications during the first trimester tripled; and
    • Antidepressant use during the first trimester increased dramatically.

  3. In addition, this study reported that
    • Medication use increased with a woman's age and education level;
    • Use was higher among non-Hispanic white women compared with women of other races or ethnicities that were studied; and
    • Use during pregnancy varied by state of residence.

According to the researchers, defining research priorities requires an understanding of patterns and factors associated with actual use of the wide range of specific medications that are taken during pregnancy and particularly during the first trimester, when concerns about development of birth defects are greatest. "These data identify prescription medications that are currently most commonly used and therefore urgently require research on their risks and safety; they also reinforce the need for ongoing surveillance regarding medication use in pregnancy and its consequences," said lead author Allen A. Mitchell, MD, director of BU's Slone Epidemiology Center. "Not only is it critical to identify how many OTC and prescription medications are taken by pregnant women and what those specific medications are, but it is also important to know how use of medications changes over time," he added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
2. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
5. Researchers create drug to keep tumor growth switched off
6. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
7. GUMC researchers say flower power may reduce resistance to breast cancer drug tamoxifen
8. Clemson researchers develop hands-free texting application
9. Researchers find biomarkers in saliva for detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer
10. Researchers chart genomic map spanning over 2 dozen cancers
11. Researchers discover second protective role for tumor-suppressor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... More than ... so it is not surprising that bariatric surgery has received increased attention in recent ... explains. Of course, when it comes to weight loss, most people are familiar with ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level employees ... YWCA Tribute to Women and Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes businesswomen ... For this year, Geri Boone, Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and Supports) ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... An ... returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics detailing ... inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in a ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... This campaign aims to provide a path to ... society can control and change. , As nearly 795,000 Americans suffering from a new ... United States. Plus, with an estimated 129,000 of these people dying from stroke, it’s ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... In response to ... who are unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration with the American ... Awareness” campaign. , The link between stroke and aphasia is relatively unknown, but ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2016)... LONDON , May 30, 2016 ... to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030. At the 69 th ... first ever Global Viral Hepatitis Strategy, signalling the greatest global ... sets a goal of eliminating hepatitis B and C by ... which, if reached, will reduce annual deaths by 65% and ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... Eye expert s advise ... before leaving hospital to ... Eye Hospital Dubai, the first overseas branch of the world-renowned Moorfields ... babies as a special concern in the region when it comes ... prematurity (ROP). ROP is a potentially blinding condition that affects premature ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... May 27, 2016 According to ... hypertension is driving ambulatory blood pressure monitoring system market ... and their ability to respond to different pressure rates, ... can lead to various cardiovascular disorders such as heart ... These diseases are growing in prevalence each year. WHO ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: