Navigation Links
Researchers map emotional intelligence in the brain
Date:1/22/2013

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. A new study of 152 Vietnam veterans with combat-related brain injuries offers the first detailed map of the brain regions that contribute to emotional intelligence the ability to process emotional information and navigate the social world.

The study found significant overlap between general intelligence and emotional intelligence, both in terms of behavior and in the brain. Higher scores on general intelligence tests corresponded significantly with higher performance on measures of emotional intelligence, and many of the same brain regions were found to be important to both. (Watch a video about the research.)

The study appears in the journal Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience.

"This was a remarkable group of patients to study, mainly because it allowed us to determine the degree to which damage to specific brain areas was related to impairment in specific aspects of general and emotional intelligence," said study leader Aron K. Barbey, a professor of neuroscience, of psychology and of speech and hearing science at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois.

A previous study led by Barbey mapped the neural basis of general intelligence by analyzing how specific brain injuries (in a larger sample of Vietnam veterans) impaired performance on tests of fundamental cognitive processes.

In both studies, researchers pooled data from CT scans of participants' brains to produce a collective, three-dimensional map of the cerebral cortex. They divided this composite brain into 3-D units called voxels. They compared the cognitive abilities of patients with damage to a particular voxel or cluster of voxels with those of patients without injuries in those brain regions. This allowed the researchers to identify brain areas essential to specific cognitive abilities, and those that contribute significantly to general intelligence, emotional intelligence, or both.

They found that specific regions in the frontal cortex (behind the forehead) and parietal cortex (top of the brain near the back of the skull) were important to both general and emotional intelligence. The frontal cortex is known to be involved in regulating behavior. It also processes feelings of reward and plays a role in attention, planning and memory. The parietal cortex helps integrate sensory information, and contributes to bodily coordination and language processing.

"Historically, general intelligence has been thought to be distinct from social and emotional intelligence," Barbey said. The most widely used measures of human intelligence focus on tasks such as verbal reasoning or the ability to remember and efficiently manipulate information, he said.

"Intelligence, to a large extent, does depend on basic cognitive abilities, like attention and perception and memory and language," Barbey said. "But it also depends on interacting with other people. We're fundamentally social beings and our understanding not only involves basic cognitive abilities but also involves productively applying those abilities to social situations so that we can navigate the social world and understand others."

The new findings will help scientists and clinicians understand and respond to brain injuries in their patients, Barbey said, but the results also are of broader interest because they illustrate the interdependence of general and emotional intelligence in the healthy mind.


'/>"/>
Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
2. Researchers develop a new cell and animal model of inflammatory breast cancer
3. Researchers uncover a viable way for colorectal cancer patients to overcome drug resistance
4. Researchers Find Gene Mutations That May Be a Key to Autism
5. Researchers find evidence of banned antibiotics in poultry products
6. NJ stroke researchers report advances in spatial neglect research at AAN Conference
7. Autism by the numbers: Yale researchers examine impact of new diagnostic criteria
8. Researchers Map Brain Regions Linked to Intelligence
9. Researchers ID Genes That May Determine Mental Illness
10. Researchers Develop Blood Test for Depression
11. University of Cincinnati researchers win $3.7M grant from US Department of Defense
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers map emotional intelligence in the brain
(Date:9/19/2017)... , ... September 19, 2017 , ... Driving Dynamics Inc., ... Training Company by Training Industry Inc. as part of its mission to continually monitor ... Selection to the first annual 2017 Top 20 Health and Safety Training Companies list ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... health supplement developed by a neurosurgeon, has received a big bump in ... Daily Brain Booster is currently available on the Wal-Mart Stores-owned Jet.com, StackedNutrtion.com, ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... Cove, New York (PRWEB) , ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... its dentist, Dr. Andrew Sami, was recently named one of the best dentists in ... leading lifestyle magazine for dental professionals nationwide. Every fall, the magazine features the best ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... TX (PRWEB) , ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... and update their mobile app offering. The new app provides a modern design ... and the overall shopping experience. , The fred’s Pharmacy mobile app includes hundreds ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... ... September 19, 2017 , ... Food Proteins Asia ... expected to grow at the fastest CAGR of 9.1% over the next few ... Trends & Growth Opportunities in Asia’ – highlighting alternative proteins, sustainable food protein ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/1/2017)... , Sept. 1, 2017 Michael ... Solutions, Inc , highlights opportunities for growth in his ... report that Marlin Equity is seeking a buyer for ... annual award-winning 22-year-old healthcare solutions Value Added Reseller and ... "As the healthcare market ...
(Date:9/1/2017)...  Bayer will present the latest research from across its ... (ESMO) 2017 Congress, September 8-12 in Madrid, Spain ... clinical data on Bayer,s marketed portfolio and late-stage compounds as ... "We value the opportunity to ... at ESMO," said Carsten Brunn , Head of Pharmaceuticals, ...
(Date:8/29/2017)... ivWatch, LLC, the leading provider of continuous monitoring devices for the ... an Innovative Technology contract from Vizient, Inc., the largest member-driven health ... ... detection of peripheral IV infiltration and extravasation events ... The Innovative Technology contract was awarded to ivWatch based on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: