Navigation Links
Researchers find race disparity in post-hospital arrival homicide deaths at trauma centers
Date:10/6/2011

AMHERST, Mass. -- New research based on post-hospital arrival data from U.S. trauma centers finds that even after adjusting for differences in injury severity, gun use, and other likely causes of race difference in death from assault, African-Americans have a significantly higher overall post-scene of injury mortality rate than whites. The study was conducted by Anthony R. Harris, emeritus professor of sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and colleagues and published in August by the Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care.

The study, from a nationally representative sample of trauma centers, covered the period from 2005-08 and adjusted for types of weapons used, severity of injury, age, physiological condition, year, and trauma center differences. It concluded that, in addition to insurance status, among patients brought to the Level I and II trauma centers, race is a substantial independent predictor of who dies from assault. Blacks, especially the uninsured, have significantly worse outcomes overall, though there is some evidence that this pattern is minimized at higher levels of injury severity.

Black patients showed higher overall raw mortality rates from assault than whites (8.9 percent vs. 5.1 percent), but after statistical adjustment, the researchers found the black to white adjusted risk ratio for death from assault (homicide) dropped significantly. After adjustment, estimated black deaths were 29 percent in excess of white deaths for firearm injuries, 36 percent in excess for cutting/piercing injuries, and 61 percent in excess for blunt injuries. Uninsured blacks comprised 76 percent of all excess trauma center deaths from assault.

Harris says that the findings are consistent with the bulk of the medical research findings on race and insurance disparities in hospital outcomes from causes other than intentional assault. But he also notes that, as is the case with almost all of these studies, the causes of the disparities are not easily identified. He adds:

"The observed disparities raise questions about the social causes of the very large black/white difference in overall U.S. homicide victimization rates (about 7 to 1) and have important implications for individual lives, including whether or not a victim remains a victim in an assault case or becomes a victim in a homicide case. The victim's outcome is, in turn, likely to impact the chances the offender will be apprehended and, if so, faced with a charge of aggravated assault or of homicide. Unlike other medical outcomes, in the case of intentional assault, insurance and racial disparities in hospital mortality are thus likely to affect no less than two separate parties, and, often, two or more unrelated families."


'/>"/>
Contact: Anthony R. Harris
abobharris@verizon.net
413-296-8070
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers Assess What Works Best to Prevent PTSD
2. Fox Chase researchers improve accuracy of IMRT delivery in post-prostatectomy patients
3. Researchers question key quality measure for asthma
4. Researchers from Boston University receive grant to develop improved virus detection system
5. Researchers review studies on CCSVI-MS link
6. Researchers call for more awareness of male breast cancer as cases rise
7. Researchers transform iPhone into high-quality medical imaging device
8. Fox Chase researchers identifiy more accurate treatment delivery for robotic radiosurgery system
9. Georgia Tech researchers receive 3 NSF Emerging Frontiers awards
10. Childrens National researchers make breakthrough in understanding white matter development
11. UH researchers explain hormonal role in glucose and fat metabolism
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... With a ... medical and food industries. Aside from its GMP accreditation, Validation Center is also ... successfully certified products, services and staff. , Validation Center is ISO17025 accredited and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... There are many ways to cook a hot dog, but new research ... their dogs straight off the grill. Of the 90 percent of Americans who say ... a hot dog, far outpacing other cooking methods such as steaming (12 percent), microwaving ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... associated with discovery of thousands of defective respirators, according to court documents and ... the case of William and Becky Tyler v. American Optical Corporation, Case No. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Georgia State University College of ... programs. , Answering to the increasing demand for curricular specializations, the Certificate in ... environmental and land use law. ,  , “The demand for lawyers with specific ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... On Memorial Day, Hope For Heroes and USA Medical Card ... the country. The nonprofit Hope For Heroes partnered with the leading provider of ... disabled military veterans, as well as police, firemen, and EMS professionals across the country, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... Inivata, a global clinical ... tumour DNA (ctDNA) analysis to improve personalised healthcare ... Clive Morris as Chief Medical Officer. ... development programme, scientific collaborations, and through to commercialisation ... in clinical outcomes for patients. Clive ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... --   , Study met ... cleansing and superiority in , Excellent ... of the ascending colon   , ... Norgine B.V. today announced new positive data from the phase III ... versus standard 2 litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met both ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016  Joe Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior ... executive officer, today. In his new role, Marziani will lead the company,s business development ... professionals to improve outcomes. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: