Navigation Links
Researchers find race disparity in post-hospital arrival homicide deaths at trauma centers
Date:10/6/2011

AMHERST, Mass. -- New research based on post-hospital arrival data from U.S. trauma centers finds that even after adjusting for differences in injury severity, gun use, and other likely causes of race difference in death from assault, African-Americans have a significantly higher overall post-scene of injury mortality rate than whites. The study was conducted by Anthony R. Harris, emeritus professor of sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and colleagues and published in August by the Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care.

The study, from a nationally representative sample of trauma centers, covered the period from 2005-08 and adjusted for types of weapons used, severity of injury, age, physiological condition, year, and trauma center differences. It concluded that, in addition to insurance status, among patients brought to the Level I and II trauma centers, race is a substantial independent predictor of who dies from assault. Blacks, especially the uninsured, have significantly worse outcomes overall, though there is some evidence that this pattern is minimized at higher levels of injury severity.

Black patients showed higher overall raw mortality rates from assault than whites (8.9 percent vs. 5.1 percent), but after statistical adjustment, the researchers found the black to white adjusted risk ratio for death from assault (homicide) dropped significantly. After adjustment, estimated black deaths were 29 percent in excess of white deaths for firearm injuries, 36 percent in excess for cutting/piercing injuries, and 61 percent in excess for blunt injuries. Uninsured blacks comprised 76 percent of all excess trauma center deaths from assault.

Harris says that the findings are consistent with the bulk of the medical research findings on race and insurance disparities in hospital outcomes from causes other than intentional assault. But he also notes that, as is the case with almost all of these studies, the causes of the disparities are not easily identified. He adds:

"The observed disparities raise questions about the social causes of the very large black/white difference in overall U.S. homicide victimization rates (about 7 to 1) and have important implications for individual lives, including whether or not a victim remains a victim in an assault case or becomes a victim in a homicide case. The victim's outcome is, in turn, likely to impact the chances the offender will be apprehended and, if so, faced with a charge of aggravated assault or of homicide. Unlike other medical outcomes, in the case of intentional assault, insurance and racial disparities in hospital mortality are thus likely to affect no less than two separate parties, and, often, two or more unrelated families."


'/>"/>
Contact: Anthony R. Harris
abobharris@verizon.net
413-296-8070
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers Assess What Works Best to Prevent PTSD
2. Fox Chase researchers improve accuracy of IMRT delivery in post-prostatectomy patients
3. Researchers question key quality measure for asthma
4. Researchers from Boston University receive grant to develop improved virus detection system
5. Researchers review studies on CCSVI-MS link
6. Researchers call for more awareness of male breast cancer as cases rise
7. Researchers transform iPhone into high-quality medical imaging device
8. Fox Chase researchers identifiy more accurate treatment delivery for robotic radiosurgery system
9. Georgia Tech researchers receive 3 NSF Emerging Frontiers awards
10. Childrens National researchers make breakthrough in understanding white matter development
11. UH researchers explain hormonal role in glucose and fat metabolism
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... The Bon-Ton Stores, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... stores, announced it has raised $176,000 to benefit the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, ... at the University of Iowa, The Lynn Sage Cancer Research Foundation, and Masonic ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... METTLER ... ensure lab personnel have a basic understanding of the techniques they use so ... understanding will help them reduce waste and rework to create a leaner overall ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... , ... United Methodist Communications collaborated with Chocolate Moose Media ... video designed to prevent the next widespread Ebola outbreak from occurring in ... throughout Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire and other African countries, with ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... ... Shark Finds and Kevin Harrington, and the Product Managers of AsSeenOnTV.pro are pleased ... newly patented product that has solved some of the basic problems golfers have faced since ... or right after a rain shower, might understand the struggle of placing the club down ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... The Federal ... federallabs.org . The site houses a wealth of federal resources that businesses ... the process called technology transfer (T2). As a network of over 300 federal ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... -- Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ), the ... fourth quarter and full year 2015 financial results ... genome editing," said Edward Lanphier, Sangamo,s president and ... technology leads the therapeutic genome editing field and ... move our ground-breaking genome editing programs through IND ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... 2016 Mast Therapeutics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... cell disease and heart failure, today announced that it intends ... common stock in an underwritten public offering.  The offering is ... no assurance as to whether or when the offering may ... of the offering.   --> ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , Feb. 9, 2016 The global ... 2014, and it is expected to grow with a ... the glass prefilled syringes segment dominated the global prefilled ... --> --> The global market ... rate, due to increasing geriatric population, increasing demand for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: