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Researchers discover possible approach to the treatment of aggressive breast cancer
Date:3/6/2012

arch study. "For this reason we specifically looked for interaction between these two proteins in breast cancer cells." The Bad Nauheim researchers struck gold. When they switched off Plexin-B1 in breast cancer cells, the cells became incapable of migrating.

"We concluded from this observation that it should be possible to prevent the formation of metastases by switching off Plexin-B1," said Worzfeld. To verify this, they switched off the Plexin-B1 in mice with ErbB-2-producing breast cancer. The effect they observed was very clear: "We were able to establish a drastic reduction in the lung metastases in the animals without Plexin-B1. The effect could even be observed with the naked eye."

The next question to be resolved by the scientists concerned the extent to which this observation could be applied to humans. In a test on tissue from breast cancer patients, the Max Planck scientists noted a link between the Plexin-B1 content of the tumour tissue and the patients' prognoses: patients with very low Plexin-B1 content in their tumour tissue had a considerably better chance of survival.

The scientists are hopeful that these findings will provide a basis for the development of a new treatment. "We want to switch Plexin-B1 off specifically using an antibody and in this way suppress the emergence of metastases," said Worzfeld. The antibody, for which a patent has been filed, is now being tested in the animal model. Offermanns is cautiously optimistic: "With Plexin-B1 we believe we have found a crucial location where the formation of metastases can be blocked. However, we still have a very long way to go until our antibody can be successfully used in clinical practice."


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Contact: Dr. Matthias Heil
matthias.heil@mpi-bn.mpg.de
49-603-270-51705
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert

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