Navigation Links
Researchers discover how underground rodent wards off cancer
Date:11/5/2012

Biologists at the University of Rochester have determined how blind mole rats fight off cancerand the mechanism differs from what they discovered three years ago in another long-lived and cancer-resistant mole rat species, the naked mole rat.

The team of researchers, led by Professor Vera Gorbunova and Assistant Professor Andrei Seluanov, found that abnormally growing cells in blind mole rats secrete the interferon beta protein, which causes those cells to rapidly die. Seluanov and Gorbunova hope the discovery will eventually help lead to new cancer therapies in humans. Their findings are being published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Blind mole rats and naked mole ratsboth subterranean rodents with long life spansare the only mammals never known to develop cancer. Three years ago, Seluanov and Gorbunova determined the anti-cancer mechanism in the naked mole rat. Their research found that a specific genep16makes the cancerous cells in naked mole rats hypersensitive to overcrowding, and stops them from proliferating when too many crowd together.

"We expected blind mole rats to have a similar mechanism for stopping the spread of cancerous cells," said Seluanov. "Instead, we discovered they've evolved their own mechanism."

Gorbunova and Seluanov made their discovery by isolating cells from blind mole rats and forcing them to proliferate in culture beyond what occurs in the animal. After dividing approximately 15-20 times, all of the cells in the culture dish died rapidly. The researchers determined that the rapid death occurred because the cells recognized their pre-cancerous state and began secreting a suicidal protein, called interferon beta. The precancerous cells died by a mechanism which kills both abnormal cells and their neighbors, resulting in a "clean sweep."

"Not only were the cancerous cells killed off, but so were the adjacent cells, which may also be prone to tumorous behavior," said Seluanov.

"While people don't use the same cancer-killing mechanism as blind mole rats, we may be able to combat some cancers and prolong life, if we could stimulate the same clean sweep reaction in cancerous human cells," said Gorbunova.

The research team also included Christopher Hine, Xiao Tian, and Julia Ablaeva in Rochester, Andrei Gudkov at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, NY, and Eviatar Nevo at the University of Haifa in Israel.

Gorbunova and Seluanov say they next want to find out exactly what triggers the secretion of interferon beta after cancerous cells begin proliferating in blind mole rats.

Gorbunova believes the anti-cancer mechanism is an adaptation to subterranean life. "Blind mole rats spend their lives in underground burrows protected from predators," said Gorbunova. "Living in this environment, they could perhaps afford to evolve a long lifespan, which includes developing efficient anti-cancer defenses."


'/>"/>

Contact: Peter Iglinski
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-273-4726
University of Rochester
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Forum to bring together leading-edge ophthalmic researchers and investors
2. George Mason University researchers target breast cancer in 3 trials
3. IU researchers report first effective treatment of tumors arising from common genetic disease NF1
4. OHSU researchers discover potential way to repair brain damage in multiple sclerosis
5. Penn researchers find error reporting improves perceptions of safety and may reduce incidents
6. Common Antidepressants Too Risky During Pregnancy, Researchers Say
7. Mechanism found for destruction of key allergy-inducing complexes, Stanford researchers say
8. Feinstein Institute researchers discover that bean used in Chinese food could protect against sepsis
9. Mayo Clinic researchers develop new tools to better treat ADHD patients in early stages
10. Moffitt Researchers find genetic predictors of fatigue for some prostate cancer patients
11. Penn Medicine researchers map strategy for choosing wisely on low-value health care services
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers discover how underground rodent wards off cancer
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Axiad IDS , a leading provider of ... with WALLIX to expand its solution to help government contractors more quickly ... number of ways to address the authentication requirements within NIST SP800-171, but no ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... fat (adipose) transfer systems announces the issuance of United States Patent Number 9,695,398 ... its adipose filtration technology. The '398 and '324 patents cover methods and ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... solution focused on delivering end-to-end sleep health care at scale, indicates record-breaking ... shows that adherence rates for positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, the most widely ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Committed to eliminating clubfoot as ... 100,000 children in their treatment program. Clubfoot is a pervasive problem in the ... is limited or non-existent. Without intervention, these children are destined to grow up ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... On July 19th, the Chinese Academy ... the awarding ceremony was held successfully in Beijing. The State Health Planning Commission, ... system, and national Chinese medicine experts also attended the event, including more than ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/13/2017)... , July 13, 2017  New York City-based market research ... markets should be aware of.  From new products to new ... detailed in a recently completed study, Potential Pipeline Disruptors ... 1.  Age-Driven Growth - True ... been aware of the impact the growing population and, to ...
(Date:7/12/2017)...  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) ... resolve pending patent litigation in the U.S. District Court for ... the Cialis ® (tadalafil) unit dose patent. This patent ... part of the agreement, Cialis exclusivity is now expected to ... "The unit dose patent for Cialis is valid and infringed ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... July 11, 2017  Bayer has awarded grants totaling more ... part of its prestigious Bayer Hemophilia Awards Program (BHAP). Four ... Philadelphia and Uniformed Services University of the ... the winners. Grant recipients were announced last night during a ... 2017 Congress, Berlin, Germany . ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: