Navigation Links
Researchers develop first 'theranostic' treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
Date:3/7/2012

A team of researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has developed the first "theranostic" agent for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ALL is the most common type of childhood cancer diagnosed in approximately 5,000 new cases each year in the United States. The findings provide insight into pediatric oncology that specifically focuses on the development of "theranostic" agents-- a treatment platform that combines a selective diagnostic test with targeted therapy based on the test results.

Discovery of this new class of drugs is the first step towards new diagnostic markers and therapeutic approaches in treatments with anti-cancer agents of numerous other cancers in addition to ALL.

"This discovery takes a chemical biology approach to target ALL. Our nucleosides represent a new class of theranostic agents that provide an original approach to achieving personalized treatments against pediatric leukemia," says Anthony J. Berdis, PhD, assistant professor of pharmacology at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.

"We've developed a non-natural nucleoside that specifically targets this form of childhood leukemia. The combination of therapeutic and diagnostic activities will provide more selective and more expedient ways to treat patients by optimizing the dosages needed to kill the cancer cells without affecting normal cells. This selectivity should minimize the development of adverse side effects typically associated with conventional anti-cancer nucleosides," says Dr. Berdis.

Using an enzyme implicated in the disease, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) which serves as a biomarker and is overexpressed in 90 percent of ALL patients, Dr. Berdis and his team designed a new selective anti-cancer agent against ALL. By evaluating the anti-leukemia activities of two non-natural nucleotides designated 5-NITP and 3-Eth-5-NITP, the investigators strategically placed novel functional groups on these agents so that they could be tagged with fluorogenic dyes. These taggable nucleotides improve the accuracy of dosing regiments and could accelerate clinical decisions regarding therapeutic intervention. The next steps will be validation in animal studies and toxicology testing, leading to clinical trials.

This study appears online this week in ACS Chemical Biology. In addition to Dr. Berdis, co-authors on the paper include Edward A. Motea and Dr. Irene Lee, in the Department of Chemistry and Department of Pharmacology at Case Western Reserve.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a form of leukemia, or cancer of the white blood cells characterized by excess lymphoblasts. Acute refers to the relatively short time course of the disease (being fatal in as little as a few weeks if left untreated). This disease is caused when malignant, immature white blood cells continuously multiply and are overproduced in the bone marrow. ALL causes damage and death by crowding out normal cells in the bone marrow and by spreading to other organs. Although ALL is most common in childhood with a peak incidence at 2-5 years of age, this type of leukemia is also prevalent in people over the age of 60.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christine Ann Somosi
christine.somosi@case.edu
216-368-6287
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
2. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Researchers Who Discovered First Genes for Stuttering will Present Findings to the National Stuttering Association
5. Researchers create drug to keep tumor growth switched off
6. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
7. GUMC researchers say flower power may reduce resistance to breast cancer drug tamoxifen
8. Clemson researchers develop hands-free texting application
9. Researchers find biomarkers in saliva for detection of early-stage pancreatic cancer
10. Researchers chart genomic map spanning over 2 dozen cancers
11. Researchers discover second protective role for tumor-suppressor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/28/2016)... Aliso Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2016 , ... ... just need to drag and drop a preset onto their media," said Christina Austin ... from Pixel Film Studios, editors can quickly and easily add stylish color grades to ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Southland Log Homes , designer and manufacturer of ... kits, which can be found on its website at SouthlandLogHomes.com. , The designs of ... they highlight the craftsmanship of timber post and beam construction. The result is ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... the factors of a stroke, which we as a society can control and change. ... a stroke occurs nearly every 40 seconds within the United States. Plus, with an ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at ... human interest stories, which come courtesy of leaders in the nursing and health care ... from leading advocates and associations—namely Abilene Christian University. , As the nursing industry ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Hampshire (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... care products, has been honored with a 2016 When Work Works Award for its ... award, part of the national When Work Works project administered by the Families and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... the necessity of health literacy within the technology advancement of diagnostic imaging. According to a ... majority of oncology patients undergo imaging screenings without understanding the nuanced risks associated with ... ... ... Diagnostic Imaging Ampronix ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... Israel , May 27, 2016 ... of the Dario™ Diabetes Management Tool, today announced that the ... at the Marcum MicroCap Conference being held June 1-2 in ... Micro Invitational, being held June 7-9 in Los ... Ben-David will discuss recent corporate and operational milestones, including the ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... According to the 2016 report, ... ambulatory blood pressure monitoring system market growth. With aging, ... to respond to different pressure rates, leading to hypertension ... various cardiovascular disorders such as heart failure, stroke, coronary ... growing in prevalence each year. WHO estimates that 17 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: