Navigation Links
Researchers determine vitamin D blood level for reducing major medical risks in older adults
Date:5/1/2012

In testing older patients' blood vitamin D levels, there's uncertainty about where the dividing line falls between enough and not enough. The threshold amount has become controversial as several scientific societies set different targets.

To help resolve this debate, University of Washington researchers conducted an observational study. They wanted to learn how much vitamin D must be circulating in the blood to lower the risk of a major medical event. This category included heart attack, hip fracture, diagnosis of cancer, or death.

Their findings are reported today, May 1, in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Dr. Ian de Boer, assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Nephrology and a member of the Kidney Research Institute, led the project. He also holds an appointment in the Department of Epidemiology, UW School of Public Health.

Vitamin D is measured in the blood as 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, abbreviated 25(OH)D.

The researchers tested 25(OH)D concentrations from a biorepository of blood samples of 1,621 Caucasian adults. These adults had enrolled in the early 1990s in the Cardiovascular Health Study, originally designed to look at risk factors and progression of heart disease in people age 65 and over. The participants lived in one of four areas in the United States: Forsyth County, North Carolina; Sacramento, County, California; Washington County, Maryland; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Over about an 11-year follow-up, researchers looked at the association between each individual's 25(OH)D test results and the time that a first defining medical event occurred. Among the participants, 1,018 had such an event. There were 137 hip fractures, 186 heart attacks (myocardial infarctions), 335 incidences of cancer, and 360 deaths.

Through their statistical analysis, the researchers concluded that the risk of these disease events rose when the concentration of 25(OH)D fell below 20 ng/milliliter or 50 nmol/liter.

"Our results," de Boer said, "lend support to the threshold level recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine, a national, independent government advisory group."

He added, "This target level for adults is considerably lower than that set by other expert panels.'

His research team also found that the association of low 25(OH)D blood concentrations with risk of major disease events varied with the season. Because people soak up most of their Vitamin D from the sun, their levels run highest in the summer and lowest in the winter. Levels in autumn are generally above those in spring.

"In evaluating health risk," the researchers concluded, "Season-specific targets for 25(OH)D blood concentration may be more appropriate than a static target when evaluating patients health risk."

Future research in this area, de Boer said, will require clinical trials. Researcher will look, for example, at the health effects of attempts to raise 25(OH)D in patients whose levels fall below the target. Interventions might include supplements, dietary changes and increasing outdoor activity.

"Sun exposure is tricky," de Boer said, "because people have to protect themselves from skin cancer and other sun damage." Sunscreen blocks the UVB waves responsible for producing Vitamin D. Food sources for Vitamin D are milk, fortified juice and cereal and oily fish like salmon, mackerel, cod and herring.

Vitamin D provides many different beneficial effects on health because it is actually not a vitamin, but a prohormone. It can suppress the hormonal systems that cause fluid to be retained and blood pressure to go up, modulate the function of immune cells, and stop abnormal cells from overgrowing.


'/>"/>

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers creating designer lymph nodes based on Moffitts Total Cancer Care initiative
2. Moffitt researchers find adolescents with cancer concerned about their future reproductive health
3. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers working at frontiers of melanoma research
4. Moffitt Cancer Center researchers: Quality of life as important as quantity of life
5. UCLA researchers combat global disease with a cell phone, Google Maps and a lot of ingenuity
6. Spinal cord injury researchers win Apple Award for article on niacin for dyslipidemia
7. Moffitt researchers find cancer therapies affect cognitive functioning among breast cancer survivors
8. Gene Behind Psoriasis Identified, Researchers Say
9. McMaster researchers find potential for new uses of old drug
10. Football helmet sensors help researchers demystify concussion in young athletes
11. Researchers Repair Damage Caused by Heart Attacks in Mice
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers determine vitamin D blood level for reducing major medical risks in older adults
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Jvion, the market ... funding led by Eastside Partners, with participation from existing investor Martin Ventures. ... and accelerate its technology and product roadmap. , “Jvion is experiencing ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... CURE Media Group , ... with cancer, today announced that Lynne Malestic, RN, of Eisenhower Lucy Curci Cancer ... Healer® for Oncology Nursing , which honors nurses who have dedicated their careers ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 29, 2016 , ... Natren, Inc. recently sent representatives to ... Petbiotics ™, as they fondly call them. As animal lovers, they were deeply ... non-profit organizations. Animal rescues across the nation face huge hurdles rescuing animals in ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Coalition Duchenne, ... dystrophy, and funding for Duchenne research, participated in the April 25 U.S. Food ... novel Duchenne drug eteplirsen. The meeting at the Marriott Conference Center in Hyattsville, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... data for 2014. Each year, reproductive endocrinologists are required to report in ... main organization of professionals dedicated to the practice of assisted reproductive technologies in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016 Transparency Market Research has ... - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and ... global skincare devices market was valued at US$ 7,255.8 ... a CAGR of 10.1% from 2015 to 2023 to ... the full Skincare Devices Market (Treatment Device - LED Therapy ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... addition of the  "Global Anesthesia Disposables Market ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) ,The global anesthesia ... a CAGR of 4.03% during the period ... a major threat to patients, safety. Organizations ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) is pleased ... Pharm D., to Vice President of Education and Quality. ... will continue to lead and oversee Diplomat University, an ... and training to Diplomat employees and external professionals on ... also houses the quality assurance department, which focuses on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: