Navigation Links
Researchers consider herd movements to help eradicate bovine TB
Date:7/10/2009

In 2008, the U.S. Department of Agriculture spent $31 million to depopulate herds of cattle affected by bovine tuberculosis (TB), even though the risk of the disease has been significantly reduced in the U.S. over the past several decades. Worldwide, especially in developing countries, the disease persists, which could threaten the U.S. cattle industry in terms of international trade.

The development of new tools to better understand bovine TB and to help disease eradication efforts by the USDA was the focus of a workshop held at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS), July 7-9, on the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, campus.

The workshop brought together experts from around the world to share ideas about how mathematical modeling approaches for cattle movements in the United States may influence disease transmission models as well as inform policies and programs for reducing the spread of bovine TB. Scientists attending the workshop include those with expertise in mathematical network and disease spread models, as well as scientists with expertise in cattle movements, livestock industry practices, and the bovine TB agent.

"NIMBioS is uniquely situated to foster such collaborations such as this one because one of its specific priorities is bringing together mathematics and biology researchers to address problems that are important to the animal industry," said Agricola Odoi, workshop co-organizer and an assistant professor in the department of comparative medicine at the University of Tennessee School of Veterinary Medicine.

One of the primary goals of the workshop is to assist the USDA in identifying new and novel methods for evaluating control options for bovine TB.

"There is a lot we don't know or understand about cattle movement across the U.S.," said USDA veterinarian Katie Portacci. "I think the expertise that NIMBioS is bringing to the workshop will help us better understand bovine TB transmission dynamics through cattle movement,"

In terms of controlling the spread of the disease, one of the goals of the USDA is to move away from the use of depopulation as a management tool, Portacci said. "I think the NIMBioS meeting will help us come up with alternative ways of dealing with the problem of bovine TB."

Bovine TB is a slow, progressive bacterial disease and is difficult to diagnose in the early stages. As the disease progresses, animals may exhibit emaciation, lethargy, weakness, anorexia, low-grade fever, and pneumonia with a chronic, moist cough. It usually is transmitted through contact with respiratory secretions from an infected animal.

Mostly found in cattle, bovine TB can also infect other domesticated and wild animals. The U.S. State and Federal Cooperative Bovine TB Eradication program, which began in 1917, has made significant progress in decreasing the prevalence of the disease in humans and cattle. However, small pockets of the M. bovis infection still exist in cattle and wildlife in the United States.


'/>"/>

Contact: Catherine Crawley
ccrawley@nimbios.org
865-974-9350
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Pre-cessation patch doubles quit success rate: Researchers call for labeling changes
2. Researchers identify potential patient safety risks among methadone maintenance treatment patients
3. Purdue researchers create prostate cancer homing device for drug delivery
4. Moles and melanoma -- researchers find genetic links to skin cancer
5. Australian researchers identify genes that cause melanoma
6. Researchers find possible environmental causes for Alzheimers, diabetes
7. IU researchers find vibrator use to be common, linked to sexual health
8. AcademyHealth honors leading health services researchers
9. Veterans Affairs Researchers Study Benefits of Robot for Ankle Rehabilitation
10. Cancer Researchers Link DICER1 Gene Mutation to Rare Childhood Cancer
11. European researchers look for new ways to fight multi-drug-resistant bacterial infections
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... An ... braces. "The rubber bands used in conjunction with my braces always rubbed against ... design a way to prevent this problem." The O.B.S. was the result of ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Yorba Linda, Ca (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... treatment of a growing number of cancers and is touted to be the next ... of treatment, thus far, has been in the form of immune checkpoint inhibitors such ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... (SOGO™), a specialized continuing medical education conference for clinicians who manage some of ... Square, New York. , The program will be led by co- chairs ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... VisualSP has helped over 1.5 ... the only option for on-premises installation of its Help System for SharePoint was at ... the system into the entire tenant. , The company recently released a modified ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... ... getting birth control isn’t as easy as it should be. In fact, millions of women ... care facility or a pharmacy within 60 minutes of where they live. This is especially ... are faced with health or personal issues that leave them homebound. To help facilitate better ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017  Medeon Biodesign, Inc., ... company, is pleased to announce that the Company ... of Panther Orthopedics, Inc., a San ... fixation solutions for orthopedic extremity applications.  ... expand rapidly, primarily due to procedure volume growth, ...
(Date:3/28/2017)...  Rosen Law Firm, a global investor rights law ... on behalf of purchasers of Kitov Pharmaceutical Holdings Ltd. ... to Kitov,s initial public offering on or about November ... from November 20, 2015 through February 3, 2017, both ... recover damages for Kitov investors under the federal securities ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... Summary GBI ... a Key Component of Multichannel Marketing" provides a ... in the digital age. While the pharmaceutical ... advancements, it has been much slower to adopt ... traditional channels and methods. However, the decreasing effectiveness ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: