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Researchers at No. 1-Ranked U.S. Children's Hospital Work with Industry to Develop a Child Crash Dummy that's More True-to-Life
Date:2/24/2010

during crash tests using ATD's. As with other body regions, no pediatric-specific data was previously available to make sure the compression of the dummies' chest mimics a developing child's. With support from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, researchers at CHOP were uniquely positioned to gather accurate chest-compression measurements in pediatric patients who received CPR during treatment in the hospital's emergency department and intensive care unit. After extensive analysis of the force and acceleration withstood by a child's chest during each compression cycle of CPR, researchers compared this data with similar studies done on adults. The research highlights dramatic differences between the ability of the adult and pediatric thorax to resist force. Due to these differences, a child ATD's thorax may not only need to be smaller than the adult ATD's, but also to possess different biomechanical properties.

Understanding Injury to the Lower Extremities: The Legs and Feet

When a child in a forward-facing child restraint is in a motor vehicle crash, the lower extremities are among the most frequently injured. Although not typically life-threatening, these injuries are disabling, costly to treat, and can seriously affect a child and family's long term quality of life. Because their bones are still developing, an injury to the legs can impair growth. Limited data currently exist that can be used to implement an assessment of lower extremity injury risk in the dummies. To close this research gap, biomechanical researchers at CHOP
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SOURCE The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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