Navigation Links
Researchers Detect Blood-Clotting Mechanism

Finding could help those with potentially deadly conditions

THURSDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Ever wonder how your blood miraculously stops flowing and forms a scab after a cut? Researchers have now pinpointed the mechanism down to the molecular level.

"The human body has an incredible ability to heal from life's scrapes and bruises," study co-author Wesley P. Wong, a principal investigator at the Rowland Institute at Harvard University, said in a university news release.

"A central aspect of this response to damage is the ability to bring bleeding to an end, a process known as hemostasis," Wong said. "Yet regulating hemostasis is a complex balancing act."

If people have too much hemostatic activity, they can develop an excess of blood clots, resulting in thrombosis, which is a potentially deadly condition. On the other hand, if there is too little hemostatic activity, people could bleed to death, according to background information in the news release.

To achieve and maintain the right hemostatic balance, the body has a feedback system controlled by miniscule forces in the circulation system. The forces are applied to the highly-sensitive A2 domain of the blood-clotting protein called von Willebrand factor (VWF), which acts as a "force sensor," the researchers explained.

By manipulating single molecules, the researchers found that the tiniest force causes A2 molecules to unfold and lose much of their complex, three-dimensional organization. After the unfolding, the enzyme ADAMTS13 comes into play. The enzyme cuts the molecule, hence controlling the size of the blood clot, according to the study, in the June 5 issue of Science.

"In the body, these cutting events decrease hemostatic potential and also enable blood clots to be trimmed in size," Wong said. "The system is so finely tuned that the A2 shear sensor is able to regulate the size of VWF within the bloodstream, maintaining the optimal size for responding properly to traumas."

To manipulate molecules, the researchers used "optical tweezers" developed in Wong's lab, which can apply miniscule forces to individual molecules while observing tiny changes in their length.

A better understanding of the mechanism of blot clotting could lead to new treatments for injuries or bleeding disorders, such as type 2A von Willebrand disease, the researchers noted.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on excessive blood clotting.

-- Jennifer Thomas

SOURCE: Harvard University, news release, June 4, 2009

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
2. UCLA researchers identify markers that may predict diabetes in still-healthy people
3. Mayo Clinic researchers discover new diagnostic test for detecting infection in prosthetic joints
4. Bipolar disorder relapses halved by Melbourne researchers
5. Cell that triggers symptoms in allergy attacks can also limit damage, Stanford researchers find
6. High and mighty: first common height gene identified by researchers behind obesity gene finding
7. Researchers estimate about 9 percent of US children age 8 to 15 meet criteria for having ADHD
8. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
9. Researchers develop long-lasting growth hormone
10. Jefferson immunology researchers halt lethal rabies infection in brain
11. Purdue researchers develop technology to detect cancer by scanning surface veins
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Researchers Detect Blood-Clotting Mechanism
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... ... recently awarded their highest five-star rating to Best Buy Eyeglasses, an ... United States and Canada wear eyeglasses. Once considered to be a purely functional part ... fashion statement. Even celebrities use glasses as a way of creating an iconic image—like ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... Battle Creek, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... abuse, joined as sponsor of the 2016 Cereal Festival and World’s Longest Breakfast Table ... held in honor of the city’s history as home to some of the world’s ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements owned by Whole Health ... the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and is made from Chinese herbs ... Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are Astragalus Root Extract and Rehmannia ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan ... require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn ... to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization ... selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research ... Devices Global Market - Forecast to 2022" report to ... the treatment method for the patients with kidney failure, it ... excess fluid from the patient,s blood and thus the treatment ... potassium and chloride in balance. Increasing number ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  In a startling report released today, ... residents by lacking a comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid ... ranking of how states are tackling the worst drug crisis in ... states – Kentucky , New Mexico ... . Of the 28 failing states, three – ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: