Navigation Links
Researchers Detect Blood-Clotting Mechanism
Date:6/4/2009

Finding could help those with potentially deadly conditions

THURSDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Ever wonder how your blood miraculously stops flowing and forms a scab after a cut? Researchers have now pinpointed the mechanism down to the molecular level.

"The human body has an incredible ability to heal from life's scrapes and bruises," study co-author Wesley P. Wong, a principal investigator at the Rowland Institute at Harvard University, said in a university news release.

"A central aspect of this response to damage is the ability to bring bleeding to an end, a process known as hemostasis," Wong said. "Yet regulating hemostasis is a complex balancing act."

If people have too much hemostatic activity, they can develop an excess of blood clots, resulting in thrombosis, which is a potentially deadly condition. On the other hand, if there is too little hemostatic activity, people could bleed to death, according to background information in the news release.

To achieve and maintain the right hemostatic balance, the body has a feedback system controlled by miniscule forces in the circulation system. The forces are applied to the highly-sensitive A2 domain of the blood-clotting protein called von Willebrand factor (VWF), which acts as a "force sensor," the researchers explained.

By manipulating single molecules, the researchers found that the tiniest force causes A2 molecules to unfold and lose much of their complex, three-dimensional organization. After the unfolding, the enzyme ADAMTS13 comes into play. The enzyme cuts the molecule, hence controlling the size of the blood clot, according to the study, in the June 5 issue of Science.

"In the body, these cutting events decrease hemostatic potential and also enable blood clots to be trimmed in size," Wong said. "The system is so finely tuned that the A2 shear sensor is able to regulate the size of VWF within the bloodstream, maintaining the optimal size for responding properly to traumas."

To manipulate molecules, the researchers used "optical tweezers" developed in Wong's lab, which can apply miniscule forces to individual molecules while observing tiny changes in their length.

A better understanding of the mechanism of blot clotting could lead to new treatments for injuries or bleeding disorders, such as type 2A von Willebrand disease, the researchers noted.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on excessive blood clotting.



-- Jennifer Thomas



SOURCE: Harvard University, news release, June 4, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
2. UCLA researchers identify markers that may predict diabetes in still-healthy people
3. Mayo Clinic researchers discover new diagnostic test for detecting infection in prosthetic joints
4. Bipolar disorder relapses halved by Melbourne researchers
5. Cell that triggers symptoms in allergy attacks can also limit damage, Stanford researchers find
6. High and mighty: first common height gene identified by researchers behind obesity gene finding
7. Researchers estimate about 9 percent of US children age 8 to 15 meet criteria for having ADHD
8. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
9. Researchers develop long-lasting growth hormone
10. Jefferson immunology researchers halt lethal rabies infection in brain
11. Purdue researchers develop technology to detect cancer by scanning surface veins
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers Detect Blood-Clotting Mechanism
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX users can ... CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over 1,300 hand-drawn ... X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media or text ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has ... he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The ... first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published ... unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable ... less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. ... and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. ... rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill them. If ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... is now offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience ... Damon brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... -- Story Highlights: , ... health care industry is causing providers to review operating ... offers a suite of solutions for health care providers ... optimization: labor resource analysis, revenue cycle optimization and physician ... and better economics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dublin ... of the " Global Markets for Spectroscopy Equipment" ... This report focuses on the global ... including its applications in various applications. The report deals ... three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food and beverage, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... DUBLIN , June 24, 2016 ... "The World Market for Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to ... World Market for Companion Diagnostics The World ... diagnostic and personalized medicine diagnostics. Market analysis in the report ... Diagnostics Test Market (In Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: