Navigation Links
Research suggests malaria can be defeated without a globally led eradication program

A researcher at the University of Southampton, working as part of a team from the UK and USA, believes the global eradication of malaria could be achieved by individual countries eliminating the disease within their own borders and coordinating efforts regionally. The team's findings have been published in the journal Science.

Dr Andrew Tatem explains, "In 1955 a global programme was launched to eradicate Malaria, but funding collapsed in 1969 and ultimately eradication wasn't achieved. We have examined what was learned from this programme and how malaria has since been eliminated in individual countries.

"Our findings suggest it may be possible for malaria elimination to proceed like a ratchet, tightening the grip on the disease region-by-region, country-by-country, until eradication is ultimately achieved but without the need for a globally coordinated campaign."

The research team[1] examined data from 1980 onwards for 30 countries which successfully eliminated malaria and also took part in the 1955 Global Malaria Eradication Programme (GMEP). In these countries, elimination[2] has become highly stable, transmission (or infection) has declined and resurgence has occurred far less frequently than traditional theory would predict.

Three potential reasons for this decline and stability of malaria have been suggested:

  • declines in transmission rates resulting from urbanization and economic development
  • a high-degree of transmission control from treating malaria cases combined with outbreak control
  • low-connectivity among places that are highly receptive to transmission

Dr Tatem comments, "Evidence from the data we have examined suggests that a concerted effort to bring an individual country to the point of elimination will likely result in that country maintaining a stable, low malaria transmission rate. If this is the case, malaria elimination could proceed at an individual country level, until global eradication[3] is achieved.

"The possibility that the complete absence of ongoing malaria transmission can become highly-stable is relevant for policy because it suggests that before achieving global eradication, some countries that eliminate could scale back control measures and rely on their health systems. Projected economic costs of elimination are dominated by the management of imported malaria, but if elimination is stable, then it could save costs before achieving eradication."

The researchers observed that after elimination in a region, malaria importation poses a constant threat, because humans and mosquitoes carry the disease from endemic areas across international boundaries and within countries. This means it is important to maintain measures to monitor and contain outbreaks and avoid endemic transmission from restarting. Of the countries examined, causes of resurgence were poorly documented, but it was most frequently blamed on a failure to intervene at a high-level when outbreaks were identified. This demonstrates long-term investment is needed to ensure elimination in a country is maintained.

Contact: Peter Franklin
University of Southampton

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers at the UH Cancer Center discover protein that may control the spread of cancer
2. Now hear this: Stanford researchers identify forerunners of inner-ear cells that enable hearing
3. Researchers explore PKC role in lung disease
4. Cleveland Clinic researcher receives grant to fund autism research
5. Bhatia honored by Southern Society for Pediatric Research
6. NIH awards $12.4 million grant to fund Henry Ford Hospital hypertension research
7. RWJF awards $1.9 million grant to PatientsLikeMe to create open research platform
8. The Arthritis National Research Foundation Welcomes Christine Schwab
9. Sugar Manufacturing in Australia Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld
10. Radiopharmaceuticals Market - New Industry Research Report Published by Transparency Market Research
11. BRICS Mobility Aids and Transportation Equipment Market Analysis & 2018 Forecasts in New Research Report at
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... authorized OSHA Training Institute Education Center headquartered in Northern California, has issued an ... extreme heat at their worksites. Employers with workers exposed to high temperatures ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... "FCPX editors can now reveal their media with ... X," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Color ... users can now reveal the media of their split screens with growing colorful ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... TherapySites, ... its affiliation with Tennessee Counseling Association. This new relationship allows TherapySites ... Tennessee Counseling Association, adding exclusive benefits and promotional offers. , "TCA is extremely ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... June ... ... pioneer in the patient payment industry today announced its strategic partnership with ... health system workflows. , The two companies’ proven, proprietary technology combine to ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... A ... revolutionize the emergency ambulance transport experience for the millions of people who require ... has disrupted the taxi industry through the use of technology. Now, SmartEMS has ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. , June 23, 2016 ... faced the many challenges of the current process. Many of ... option because of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs ... would have to offer it at such a high cost ... to afford it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: ... its Elecsys BRAHMS PCT (procalcitonin) assay as a dedicated ... shock. With this clearance, Roche is the first IVD ... solution for sepsis risk assessment and management. ... and PCT levels in blood can aid clinicians in ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... their offering. The current ... environment for MedImmune to enter. The US ageing population creates ... drive considerable growth for effective anti-influenza medications. The introduction of ... but development is still in its infancy. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: