Navigation Links
Research suggests malaria can be defeated without a globally led eradication program
Date:2/26/2013

A researcher at the University of Southampton, working as part of a team from the UK and USA, believes the global eradication of malaria could be achieved by individual countries eliminating the disease within their own borders and coordinating efforts regionally. The team's findings have been published in the journal Science.

Dr Andrew Tatem explains, "In 1955 a global programme was launched to eradicate Malaria, but funding collapsed in 1969 and ultimately eradication wasn't achieved. We have examined what was learned from this programme and how malaria has since been eliminated in individual countries.

"Our findings suggest it may be possible for malaria elimination to proceed like a ratchet, tightening the grip on the disease region-by-region, country-by-country, until eradication is ultimately achieved but without the need for a globally coordinated campaign."

The research team[1] examined data from 1980 onwards for 30 countries which successfully eliminated malaria and also took part in the 1955 Global Malaria Eradication Programme (GMEP). In these countries, elimination[2] has become highly stable, transmission (or infection) has declined and resurgence has occurred far less frequently than traditional theory would predict.

Three potential reasons for this decline and stability of malaria have been suggested:

  • declines in transmission rates resulting from urbanization and economic development
  • a high-degree of transmission control from treating malaria cases combined with outbreak control
  • low-connectivity among places that are highly receptive to transmission

Dr Tatem comments, "Evidence from the data we have examined suggests that a concerted effort to bring an individual country to the point of elimination will likely result in that country maintaining a stable, low malaria transmission rate. If this is the case, malaria elimination could proceed at an individual country level, until global eradication[3] is achieved.

"The possibility that the complete absence of ongoing malaria transmission can become highly-stable is relevant for policy because it suggests that before achieving global eradication, some countries that eliminate could scale back control measures and rely on their health systems. Projected economic costs of elimination are dominated by the management of imported malaria, but if elimination is stable, then it could save costs before achieving eradication."

The researchers observed that after elimination in a region, malaria importation poses a constant threat, because humans and mosquitoes carry the disease from endemic areas across international boundaries and within countries. This means it is important to maintain measures to monitor and contain outbreaks and avoid endemic transmission from restarting. Of the countries examined, causes of resurgence were poorly documented, but it was most frequently blamed on a failure to intervene at a high-level when outbreaks were identified. This demonstrates long-term investment is needed to ensure elimination in a country is maintained.
'/>"/>

Contact: Peter Franklin
p.franklin@soton.ac.uk
44-238-059-5457
University of Southampton
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers at the UH Cancer Center discover protein that may control the spread of cancer
2. Now hear this: Stanford researchers identify forerunners of inner-ear cells that enable hearing
3. Researchers explore PKC role in lung disease
4. Cleveland Clinic researcher receives grant to fund autism research
5. Bhatia honored by Southern Society for Pediatric Research
6. NIH awards $12.4 million grant to fund Henry Ford Hospital hypertension research
7. RWJF awards $1.9 million grant to PatientsLikeMe to create open research platform
8. The Arthritis National Research Foundation Welcomes Christine Schwab
9. Sugar Manufacturing in Australia Industry Market Research Report Now Updated by IBISWorld
10. Radiopharmaceuticals Market - New Industry Research Report Published by Transparency Market Research
11. BRICS Mobility Aids and Transportation Equipment Market Analysis & 2018 Forecasts in New Research Report at RnRMarketResearch.com
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/27/2017)... , ... February 27, 2017 , ... ... Shamanic Healing and Spiritual Awakening, is happy to announce her “Spring Rejuvenation ... and body, these individual customized retreats offer the winter-weary soul an excellent opportunity ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... The threat of nuclear warfare has ... a company involved in the underground testing of nuclear weapons. Years later, when her ... Workers of the Cold War Nuclear Testing,” Clayton exposes the critical decisions made by ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... Orange County dentist, Dr. A. Rassouli, comments ... occurs when the bacteria in plaque infect the gums and other tissues supporting the ... root planing or SRP, and can include surgical therapies if the condition has led ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... , ... Miro is the ultimate smart media center that offers a fascinating ... shows and much more apps for user exploration. Its innovative acoustic design with premium ... x 720 provides crisp images with remarkable clarity and color. The WiFi connection enables ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... Houston, TX (PRWEB) , ... February 27, 2017 ... ... the 75,000 customer threshold mark last week. In addition, Discount Power's RCE (Residential ... Volterra Energy LLC in March 2014. The company had 800 customers and 2,250 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Hemophilia ... ... Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - 2016, provides drug pricing data and ... questions: What are the key drugs marketed ... Global Hemophilia market? What are the unit prices and ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Juan ... & Associates PC , a boutique securities firm headquartered ... York City , announces that a class action ... Massachusetts  against Inotek Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NASDAQ: ... the Company,s securities between July 23, 2015 and December 30, ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Directors from Pharma To Market Pty Ltd ... joined forces, resulting in the founding of Pharma To Market Pte ... To Market are pleased to announce their expansion into ... Singapore . The company are delighted to appoint ... the Singapore based entity. Joelle brings with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: