Navigation Links
Research study reveals profile for female drunk-drivers
Date:5/25/2011

Female drink-drivers are more likely to be older, better-educated and divorced, widowed or separated, research has shown.

The study by academics at The University of Nottingham found that emotional factors and mental health problems were common triggers in alcohol-related offences committed by women.

And they also discovered that rehabilitation programmes that force women to face the consequences of their crime can intensify their feelings of guilt and shame, leading them to turn to alcohol and increasing the risk that they will re-offend.

In a paper to be published in Clinical Psychology Review the researchers, led by Professor Mary McMurran of the Institute of Mental Health, have called for more effective treatment programmes to be designed that are specifically tailored for women.

Professor McMurran said: "The profile of women drink-driving offenders is of being divorced, widowed or separated and having fewer previous convictions than their male counterparts. Thus, it may be that these women are distressed by their situation and are turning to drink for solace.

"Treatment programmes that induce negative emotions may actually increase emotional distress, which may increase drinking and, in turn, increase the likelihood of alcohol-related offending."

The Nottingham researchers carried out a systematic review of 26 previous studies from around the world to gather evidence that could inform the future development of interventions for alcohol-related offending by women and centred on whether there are differences between men and women who break the law after drinking.

They found:

  • Overall women were less likely to drink and drive than men and less likely to be repeat offenders
  • Fewer women drink-drivers had previously been arrested for public drunkenness and other alcohol-related offences
  • Women drink-drivers were older than men, better educated but had a lower income
  • Female drink-driving offenders were more likely than men to be separated, divorced or widowed, whereas men were more likely to be married or single
  • Women who got behind the wheel drunk were more likely to have parents and partners who abused alcohol and themselves had a greater history of mental health problems.

Only six studies investigated gender differences in other types of offences, demonstrating that while women are overall less likely to offend than men, drinking tends to increase the likelihood of offending in both sexes. Drinking also increases the likelihood of violent offending more than other types of offences and the risk of violence after drinking is higher in both men and women. Again, there is evidence that women offenders with alcohol problems have more psychological problems than men. Using drugs in combination with alcohol may also be an issue for women alcohol abusing offenders.

The researchers found only four studies that evaluated treatments specifically designed for women whose offending was linked to alcohol, meaning there was not enough evidence to answer the question of what treatment works most effectively.

However, there was strong evidence to show which approach did not work. A study in New Mexico showed that putting female drink-driving offenders before a panel of people made up of those who have been seriously injured or whose loved ones have been killed in a crash in a collision with a drink-driver to hear about how it has impacted on their lives actually increased the risk of reoffending.

Another American study documented high-risk female offenders who were given a 'life activities' interview as part of their treatment focusing on life adjustment, occupational and financial status. Again, this resulted in a greater rate of offending than those who did not 44 per cent as opposed to 24 per cent.

Professor McMurran added: "Programmes designed specifically for women whose offences are alcohol related need to be designed and evaluated. While these may draw on those programmes designed for men, greater attention to broader psychological health issues is needed as these may affect the success of the intervention.

"The information contained in this review may help inform the future development and design of treatment programmes for this neglected group of offenders."


'/>"/>

Contact: Emma Thorne
emma.thorne@nottingham.ac.uk
44-011-595-15793
University of Nottingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Research suggests that lipofilling may be safe during conservation treatment for breast cancer
2. 24th ECNP Congress: The most promising data from research across brain disorders
3. MIT research: What makes an image memorable?
4. UTMB researcher receives $3 million NIH grant to study aging in Mexico
5. Researchers Find Cousin of Hepatitis C Virus in Dogs
6. Researchers discover link between obesity gene and breast cancer
7. Mount Sinai researchers discover possible new target for sarcoma treatment and prevention
8. Research provides insight into quality of stored blood used for transfusions
9. Caltech research helps paraplegic man stand and move legs voluntarily
10. Researchers connect electrical brain disturbances to worse outcomes following neurotrauma
11. Eat a protein-rich breakfast to reduce food cravings, prevent overeating later, researcher finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The Justin Veatch Fund ... (NCADD) is recommending the film Whispering Spirits and its discussion guide for ... as an education tool in the war against teen drug abuse. NCADD is ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... MEDI+SIGN®, a provider ... that a new solution for Emergency Departments (ED) has been added to their ... Emergency Department examination rooms, and with a simplified pallet of information available to ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... Workers Compensation Research Institute (WCRI) officially opened registration today for its 33rd ... Hotel in Boston, MA . , The theme of the conference is “Persistent ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... CURE Media Group, the ... advocacy groups, has aligned with Upstage Lung Cancer in efforts to combat lung cancer, ... Michael J. Hennessy, Jr said, “CURE Media Group is honored to team up with ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... 10.2 version gives development continuity to its innovative Unified Instance Manager architecture, ... capacity. In addition, this new version optimizes the unattended auto-dialing system without ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 KEY FINDINGS ... of the market in 2016 and is expected to ... attributed to a large number of surgical procedures that ... largest share in the patient temperature management market.) Patient ... reducing loss of blood during surgeries, lowering the risks ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Adhesion Type, Application, Usability - Forecast to 2025" report to ... , , ... poised to grow at a CAGR of around 3.2% from 2015 ... witnessing include advancements in extracellular microelectrode arrays and intracellular microelectrodes, research ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016  Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (NYSE: ... announced positive results from a Phase 3, multicenter ... safety and efficacy of IDP-118 (halobetasol propionate and ... Within the Phase 3 study ... psoriasis, IDP-118 showed statistical significance to vehicle with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: