Navigation Links
Research shows strategic thinking strengthens intellectual capacity
Date:4/28/2014

Strategy-based cognitive training has the potential to enhance cognitive performance and spill over to real-life benefit according to a data-driven perspective article by the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. The research-based perspective highlights cognitive, neural and real-life changes measured in randomized clinical trials that compared a gist-reasoning strategy-training program to memory training in populations ranging from teenagers to healthy older adults, individuals with brain injury to those at-risk for Alzheimer's disease.

"Our brains are wired to be inspired," said Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, founder and chief director of the Center for BrainHeath and Dee Wyly Distinguished University Chair at The University of Texas at Dallas. "One of the key differences in our studies from other interventional research aimed at improving cognitive abilities is that we did not focus on specific cognitive functions such as speed of processing, memory, or learning isolated new skills. Instead, the gist reasoning training program encouraged use of a common set of multi-dimensional thinking strategies to synthesize information and elimination of toxic habits that impair efficient brain performance."

The training across the studies was short, ranging from 8 to 12 sessions delivered over one to two months in 45 to 60 minute time periods. The protocol focused on three cognitive strategies -- strategic attention, integrated reasoning and innovation. These strategies are hierarchical in nature and can be broadly applied to most complex daily life mental activities.

At a basic level, research participants were encouraged to filter competing information that is irrelevant and focus only on important information. At more advanced levels, participants were instructed to generate interpretations, themes or generalized statements from information they were wanting or needing to read, for example. Each strategy built on previous strategies and research participants were challenged to integrate all steps when tackling mental activities both inside and outside of training.

"Cognitive gains were documented in trained areas such as abstracting, reasoning, and innovating," said Chapman. "And benefits also spilled over to untrained areas such as memory for facts, planning, and problem solving. What's exciting about this work is that in randomized trials comparing gist reasoning training to memory training, we found that it was not learning new information that engaged widespread brain networks and elevated cognitive performance, but rather actually deeper processing of information and using that information in new ways that augmented brain performance.

Strengthening intellectual capacity is no longer science fiction; what used to seem improbable is now in the realm of reality."

Positive physical changes within the brain and cognitive improvement across populations in response to strategy-based mental training demonstrate the neuro-regenerative potential of the brain.

"The ability to recognize, synthesize and create the essence of complex ideas and problems to solve are fundamental skills for academic, occupational and real-life success," Chapman said. "The capacity to enhance cognition and complex neural networks in health, after injury or disease diagnosis will have major implications to preventing, diagnosing and treating cognitive decline and enhancing cognitive performance in youth to prepare them for an unknown future and in middle age to older adults who want to remain mentally robust."


'/>"/>

Contact: Shelly Kirkland
shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu
972-883-3221
Center for BrainHealth
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UCLA Brain Injury Research Center gets NCAA funding for research on sports concussions
2. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
3. Researchers develop a new cell and animal model of inflammatory breast cancer
4. Researchers uncover a viable way for colorectal cancer patients to overcome drug resistance
5. Sexually abused boys at risk for more unsafe sex: UBC research
6. Researchers Find Gene Mutations That May Be a Key to Autism
7. LSUHSC research finds HPV-related head & neck cancers rising, highest in middle-aged white men
8. Researchers find evidence of banned antibiotics in poultry products
9. Presidential keynote address and new research highlights from the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology meeting
10. Scientific session and new research highlights
11. NJ stroke researchers report advances in spatial neglect research at AAN Conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... associated with discovery of thousands of defective respirators, according to court documents and ... the case of William and Becky Tyler v. American Optical Corporation, Case No. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Atlanta, Georgia (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 ... ... a certificate in intellectual property (IP) to its specialty academic programs. , Answering ... joins the college’s existing certificate programs in health law, and environmental and land ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... On Memorial Day, Hope For Heroes and USA Medical Card will ... country. The nonprofit Hope For Heroes partnered with the leading provider of free ... military veterans, as well as police, firemen, and EMS professionals across the country, and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Cardiac arrhythmia is a common complication ... patient survival, reports a team of UPMC researchers in the largest study of ... of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, provide critical information that will hopefully lead to ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Hampshire (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... MadgeTech ... are designed, engineered, and manufactured in Warner, New Hampshire at the MadgeTech headquarters. With ... provide reliable monitoring solutions trusted by government agencies, including NASA. , In 2012, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... AMSTERDAM , May 24, 2016 ... auf den Markt gebracht, die es Ärzten erlaubt, ... überall zu behandeln: MDLinking kombiniert Live Streaming mit ... sicheren Umfeld zu kommunizieren. Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, ... haben sich bereits für die Plattform registriert. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)...   , Study met ... bowel cleansing and superiority in , ... of the ascending colon   ... Norgine B.V. today announced new positive data from the phase ... preparation) versus standard 2 litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... LAWRENCE, Mass. , May 24, 2016  NxStage ... medical technology company focused on advancing renal care, today ... Officer, plans to participate in the following schedule of ... will be made available at http://ir.nxstage.com/ . ... Jefferies Healthcare Conference NY, NY           Friday, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: