Navigation Links
Research shows strategic thinking strengthens intellectual capacity
Date:4/28/2014

Strategy-based cognitive training has the potential to enhance cognitive performance and spill over to real-life benefit according to a data-driven perspective article by the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. The research-based perspective highlights cognitive, neural and real-life changes measured in randomized clinical trials that compared a gist-reasoning strategy-training program to memory training in populations ranging from teenagers to healthy older adults, individuals with brain injury to those at-risk for Alzheimer's disease.

"Our brains are wired to be inspired," said Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, founder and chief director of the Center for BrainHeath and Dee Wyly Distinguished University Chair at The University of Texas at Dallas. "One of the key differences in our studies from other interventional research aimed at improving cognitive abilities is that we did not focus on specific cognitive functions such as speed of processing, memory, or learning isolated new skills. Instead, the gist reasoning training program encouraged use of a common set of multi-dimensional thinking strategies to synthesize information and elimination of toxic habits that impair efficient brain performance."

The training across the studies was short, ranging from 8 to 12 sessions delivered over one to two months in 45 to 60 minute time periods. The protocol focused on three cognitive strategies -- strategic attention, integrated reasoning and innovation. These strategies are hierarchical in nature and can be broadly applied to most complex daily life mental activities.

At a basic level, research participants were encouraged to filter competing information that is irrelevant and focus only on important information. At more advanced levels, participants were instructed to generate interpretations, themes or generalized statements from information they were wanting or needing to read, for example. Each strategy built on previous strategies and research participants were challenged to integrate all steps when tackling mental activities both inside and outside of training.

"Cognitive gains were documented in trained areas such as abstracting, reasoning, and innovating," said Chapman. "And benefits also spilled over to untrained areas such as memory for facts, planning, and problem solving. What's exciting about this work is that in randomized trials comparing gist reasoning training to memory training, we found that it was not learning new information that engaged widespread brain networks and elevated cognitive performance, but rather actually deeper processing of information and using that information in new ways that augmented brain performance.

Strengthening intellectual capacity is no longer science fiction; what used to seem improbable is now in the realm of reality."

Positive physical changes within the brain and cognitive improvement across populations in response to strategy-based mental training demonstrate the neuro-regenerative potential of the brain.

"The ability to recognize, synthesize and create the essence of complex ideas and problems to solve are fundamental skills for academic, occupational and real-life success," Chapman said. "The capacity to enhance cognition and complex neural networks in health, after injury or disease diagnosis will have major implications to preventing, diagnosing and treating cognitive decline and enhancing cognitive performance in youth to prepare them for an unknown future and in middle age to older adults who want to remain mentally robust."


'/>"/>

Contact: Shelly Kirkland
shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu
972-883-3221
Center for BrainHealth
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UCLA Brain Injury Research Center gets NCAA funding for research on sports concussions
2. NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
3. Researchers develop a new cell and animal model of inflammatory breast cancer
4. Researchers uncover a viable way for colorectal cancer patients to overcome drug resistance
5. Sexually abused boys at risk for more unsafe sex: UBC research
6. Researchers Find Gene Mutations That May Be a Key to Autism
7. LSUHSC research finds HPV-related head & neck cancers rising, highest in middle-aged white men
8. Researchers find evidence of banned antibiotics in poultry products
9. Presidential keynote address and new research highlights from the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology meeting
10. Scientific session and new research highlights
11. NJ stroke researchers report advances in spatial neglect research at AAN Conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/10/2019)... ... October 10, 2019 , ... Santa ... (IT) services for the healthcare industry, has completed the first phase of a ... the Commonwealth of The Bahamas towards a fully integrated health information management system ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... SoCal Adolescent Wellness announces the opening of ... expansion of our services to better serve the families in Orange County," said Becca ... to see the extraordinary impact this pre-intervention program has on the lives of the ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... in live samples, Meiqing Shi, associate professor with the University of Maryland Department ... latest paper published in Nature Communications, Shi and his lab have discovered a ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... ... Smile Brands Inc. has been named one of the happiest companies in ... dental support organization with nearly 440 affiliated practices across 18 states, has a deeply ... Award is the latest in a series of accolades the company has ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... Fewer than 50 percent of ... reproducible. Rigor in bioanalytical method validation is emerging in the form of a ... of the time) and senior scientists add the management of an offshore team ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/8/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... participated in an advanced dental implant seminar to enhance his skill and knowledge ... country, The Implant Dentistry Continuum™ is a four-part series of classes that combines ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... FRESNO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 08, 2019 , ... ... the 2020 Donate Life Rose Parade® Float living donor honoree. Regina will walk alongside ... New Year’s Day. , Regina, a retired nurse and attorney, became a living organ ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... 2019 , ... Four things to know: , 1. The Hive™ ALIF interbody ... through the lattice core. , 2. The Soft Titanium® lattice of HD ... bone growth throughout the implant. , 3. The Hive™ ALIF device can hold over ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: