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Research shows aerobic exercise combined with resistance training improves glucose control in diabetics
Date:10/31/2008

ALEXANDRIA, VA, October 31, 2008---Patients with diabetes who participate in a program combining aerobic and high-force eccentric resistance exercise demonstrate improvements in glucose control, physical performance, and body fat composition, according to a study published in the November 2008 issue of Physical Therapy (PTJ), the scientific journal of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

"Although aerobic exercise is what is typically recommended for treating people with diabetes, this study shows that adding a high-force strength training component has significant advantages," says APTA spokesperson Robin L Marcus, PT, PhD, OCS, assistant professor at the University's Department of Physical Therapy and the study's lead researcher. Diabetes affects approximately 24 million adults and children in the United States.1 The onset of type 2 diabetes a chronic illness marked by decreased insulin sensitivity and overall poor glucose control is fostered by decreased physical activity.

"This study, which comes as the nation marks American Diabetes Month, is especially pertinent in light of new research highlighting the escalating costs and serious side effects of certain diabetes drugs," said Marcus. "Patients with diabetes and their health care providers should be encouraged that physical therapy has been shown to be a cost-effective and safe treatment alternative."

The PTJ study, "Comparison of Combined Aerobic and High-Force Eccentric Resistance Exercise With Aerobic-Only Exercise for People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus," evaluated 15 people with type 2 diabetes who participated in a 16-week supervised exercise training program: seven in a combined aerobic and eccentric resistance exercise program, and eight in a program of aerobic exercise only.

A podcast titled "Fat, Muscle, and the Benefits of Exercise for People With Diabetes" is available at:

Contact: Jennifer Rondon
jenniferrondon@apta.org
American Physical Therapy Association
Source:Eurekalert

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