Navigation Links
Research identifies risk factors that affected World Trade Center evacuation
Date:1/26/2009

January 22, 2009 -- Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have released findings identifying factors that affected evacuation from the World Trade Center (WTC) Towers on September 11. A research methodology known as participatory action research (PAR) was used to identify individual, organizational, and structural (environmental) barriers to safe and rapid evacuation.

PAR is a research approach in which the researchers actively engage and collaborate with members of the study population on all phases of the project -- from study design to the presentation of results and discussion of implications. According to Robyn Gershon, DrPh, professor of clinical Sociomedical Sciences at the Mailman School of Public Health and principal investigator for this study, "PAR has been used extensively in occupational health research but not, to our knowledge, in disaster research."

For this WTC Evacuation study, the WTC evacuees, study investigators, and consultants with a wide range of expertise worked together collaboratively to develop a set of recommendations to improve high-rise evacuation of business occupancies. The PAR teams identified key risk factors associated with three major outcomes: length of time to initiate evacuation, length of time to complete evacuation, and incidence of injury. WTC evaluation initiation was delayed by lack of awareness and experience in evacuation procedures; making phone calls; seeking out co-workers; and personal concerns about one's own ability (e.g. health and stamina) to descend multiple flights of stairs. Workers also delayed their evacuation because they were waiting for their supervisor's permission to leave. The length of time for the entire evacuation process was lengthened by inappropriate footwear; confusion about where the staircases were located and where they terminated; and periodic congestion on stairs. Injuries were associated most often with physical disabilities (i.e., those with physical disabilities were more likely to be injured during the evacuation process).

The researchers make recommendations that focus on the need for a greater emphasis on emergency preparedness for high-rise workers. Specific measures recommended by PAR team members include mandatory training and drills, such as full-building evacuation drills. PAR team members also suggested that employees keep comfortable footwear and emergency supplies at their desks.

"One of the most important recommendations the teams made was to encourage the development of a clear cut emergency preparedness climate that is communicated to personnel," noted Dr. Gershon, "Emergency preparedness is a shared responsibility."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Olive Gardens Pasta for Pennies Makes Cents for Cancer Research
2. Researchers identify risk factors for contralateral breast cancer
3. UT Southwestern researchers discover brains memory buffer in single cells
4. Research identifies in-flight emergencies
5. Oklahoma State University researchers make breakthrough against poxviruses
6. HIPAA Privacy Rule Limits Americas Promise in Research
7. President Obama Gives the Unborn at Least a 24 Hour Reprieve, Postpones $441 Million Bailout of International Abortions, Says Family Research Council
8. Living with females extends the reproductive life of the male mouse, says Penn veterinary researcher
9. Upcoming Packard/Stanford Autism Symposium a Catalyst for Collaboration among Researchers and Community
10. UT Southwestern researchers find drug-coated stents less risky for heart bypass patients
11. MSU researcher receives $1.5 million grant for childhood obesity intervention study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2017)... ... ... is Men’s Health Month and the focus is on prostate cancer. Second only ... and the third most common cause of cancer related death today; lung cancer remains in ... diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. Those at highest risk are men ...
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... The weather is heating up and the days ... owners should be aware that the summer months provide more than warmer temperatures that ... keys can be negatively affected from direct exposure to the sun. When it comes ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Beach, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... has earned its ninth consecutive four-star rating from premier online charity evaluator, Charity Navigator, ... in the top 1% of all charities reviewed by Charity Navigator and earns ANRF ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... certified plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three ... Committed to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... ... The Aesthetic Channel has recently highlighted Dr. Ben Talei’s unique approach to ... technique that he calls the AuraLyft Facelift. The AuraLyft does more than ... expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and revitalized. , Dr. Talei’s unique approach stems ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/8/2017)... 2017  Less than a month ago, amateur hackers ... companies, including hospital networks, in over 150 countries. ... the largest online extortion attempts ever recorded. With the ... is imperative that providers understand where the risks lie, ... — and many other very real cyber threats.  ...
(Date:6/8/2017)... June 8, 2017  StatLab Medical Products ... and manufacturer of diagnostic supplies for the ... Cressey & Company LP ("Cressey & Company"), ... a growth-focused investment in the Company. Cressey ... position from selling shareholder, Prairie Capital, L.P., ...
(Date:6/7/2017)...  Novavax, Inc., (Nasdaq: NVAX ) today announced ... of its RSV F protein recombinant nanoparticle vaccine candidate (RSV ... published in the journal Vaccine (the ... scientific conferences). The Company previously announced top line results ... the RSV F Vaccine with the goal of protecting infants ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: