Navigation Links
Research from MU Brain Imaging Center may lead to treatment of a variety of mental disorders
Date:1/25/2011

COLUMBIA, Mo. One of the first studies published from the University of Missouri Brain Imaging Center (BIC) gives researchers insight into the brain and memory and may provide researchers clues to treating a variety of debilitating disorders.

Nelson Cowan, director of the BIC and Curator's Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences, used the BIC's magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to produce graphics that depict the structure and function of the brain during various mental tasks in an effort to understand abstract working memory. People use their abstract working memories to assign meaning when trying to recall facts for example, when someone dials a set of phone numbers, their abstract memory brings forth an image of the person they are calling.

Previous studies identified an area of the brain responsible for holding abstract working memory, although it was assumed by some researchers to hold only visual information. At the BIC, Cowan found that this same part of the brain can hold auditory information as well. For example, when people hear "Jingle Bells" they relate it to the Christmas season and retain the meaning of the song temporarily.

"This research has given us better understanding of an area of the brain that may be affected in people with various learning disabilities, autism and schizophrenia," said Cowan. "For example, recent research has shown that people with schizophrenia simply hold fewer items in their working memories, rather having an inability to disregard unimportant items, as previously thought. Thus, discovering more about working memory will enable scientists to better target schizophrenia, among other disorders."

Cowan's research will be published in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, and his related research on the childhood development of working memory has been funded by the National Institutes of Health since 1985.

The study is one of many research projects that are currently underway at the BIC.

For example, researchers from the Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology in the College of Human Environmental Sciences are studying the neurological effects of eating breakfast on obese people. That research team is also studying the effects of eating breakfast on working memory. Cowan said psychiatry researchers are studying the effects of medications on the brain, and researching addictive behaviors is enhanced by the BIC.

"The center enables us to conduct interdisciplinary research that can advance the field of psychology," Cowan said. "Brain imaging makes our behavioral research more powerful because we can better understand the brain and how it functions during different activities and conditions."

In addition, Nelson says the ability to do brain imaging makes grant proposals stronger. He says the facility attracts new faculty members and makes for better research.


'/>"/>

Contact: Steven Adams
AdamsST@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Embedded Mobile & M2M Device revenues to Rise to Almost $19 Billion Globally by 2014, Says Juniper Research
2. 2010 HSR Impact Award recognizes surgical safety research
3. MSU launches first anti-counterfeiting research program
4. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
5. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
6. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
7. Family Research Council: Planned Parenthood Report Oversexualizes Ten-Year-Olds, Undermines Parental Authority
8. Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $1 Million to Drive Critical New Research Tools and Technologies in Parkinsons Drug Development
9. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
10. International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
11. Gladstones Robert Mahley to receive Research!America advocacy award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... Brady ... announced that its B-595 and B-7569 vinyl label materials received ... and warning labels are tested to remain intact and legible, for use on chemical ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... Colo. (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... The ... the Flex House, the next project in the company’s esteemed VISION House demonstration project ... homeowners use exactly the amount of resources they need to live affordably and abundantly ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) launched today the University Research Facility in ... Kong to support teaching, learning and research. It is also the largest research centre ... Kong. , With an area of 620 square metres and more than 50 ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... Alive ... people who wish to overcome their mental health struggles. The Alive team uses ... LeBouthillier says: “Our approach in dealing with a mental health struggle is based on ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Metrasens ... of International Trade, the UK’s most prestigious award for business success. The ... of total revenues and has grown by a total of 400% over the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the "Company"), announces that it ... 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel in Toronto, Ontario ... the Company is scheduled to present on Tuesday, May 2 at ... Chairman of the Board, Tony Holler will also attend ... For more details ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Global Prostate Cancer Therapeutics Market: Overview ... cancer therapeutics market analyzes the current and future ... prostate cancer, launch of promising emerging therapies, as ... drugs & therapeutic biological products, and high growth ... side effects are some of the drivers expected ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017  New research provides evidence that an ... according to a study released today that will be presented ... in Boston , April 22 to ... treatment of Parkinson,s disease, the oral drug levodopa has long ... longevity. But as the disease progresses, the effects of the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: