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Research explores how breast cancer spreads and new ways to treat it
Date:8/3/2011

sforming Growth Factor-beta) target gene called Jagged1 were identified. The study revealed a network of molecular crosstalk between tumor and bone cells using Jagged1 in tumor cells, EGFR in bone cells and TGFb released from damaged bone. Such pathological tumor-host tissue interactions eventually lead to tumor expansion and bone destructions. Targeting these pathways can reduce the development of bone metastasis and provide new avenues for managing the progression of the disease to the bones.

"We are excited to have identified new genetic markers for patients at high risk for bone metastasis, which may provide additional potential targets for preventing and treating the disease," said Dr. Yibin Kang of Princeton University.

Rapid Translation of a Novel and Potent Vaccine in HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients
Principal Investigator: Kim Lyerly, MD, Duke Medical Center

Approximately 20 percent of breast cancers are HER2+, meaning they over-express the HER2 gene, resulting in a particularly aggressive form of the disease.4 The first targeted treatment approved to treat HER2+ breast cancer was Herceptin (trastuzumab) in which the BCRP provided the early funding for research leading to the development of monoclonal antibodies against the HER2 receptor. However, despite its specificity, many patients experience resistance.5 Researchers at Duke University Medical Center evaluated a novel viral vector vaccine combination for testing in trastuzumab-refractory breast cancer patients.

Viruses attack and invade host cells by injecting their DNA as part of their replication process. In vaccine development, viruses can be used in this way to bring disease-fighting genetic information inside human cells.6 In this study, the two viral vectors, an adenovirus construct (Ad-HER2) and an alphavirus VRP construct (VRP-HER2), when used together in animal models have shown to elicit potent i
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Contact: Dayna Hochstein
dhochstein@spectrumscience.com
202-955-6222
US Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs
Source:Eurekalert

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